Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland

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Supreme Court building in Lausanne

The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (German: Bundesgericht; French: Tribunal fédéral; Italian: Tribunale federale; Romansh: Tribunal federal) is the supreme court of Switzerland. It is located in Mon-Repos, Lausanne.

According to the Constitution of Switzerland, the court has jurisdiction over violations of:

  • federal law;
  • public international law;
  • intercantonal law;
  • cantonal constitutional rights;
  • autonomy of municipalities, and other guarantees granted by the Cantons to public corporate bodies; and
  • federal and cantonal provisions concerning political rights.

Because of an emphasis on direct democracy through referendum,[citation needed] the Constitution precludes the court from reviewing acts of the Federal Parliament, unless such review is specifically provided for by statute.

Decisions of arbitral tribunals constituted under Swiss law, such as the Court of Arbitration for Sport, can be appealed to the Federal Supreme Court, although judicial review is limited to a very narrow set of questions of law in such cases.

Current and former judges[edit]

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Coordinates: 46°31′10″N 6°38′39″E / 46.51944°N 6.64417°E / 46.51944; 6.64417