Supreme National Security Council
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Supreme National Security Council (Persian: شورای عالی امنیت ملی Shoraye Aliye Amniate Melli) is the national security council of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the current secretary of which is Ali Shamkhani. This institution was founded during the 1989 revision of the constitution.
The responsibilities of the council is defined by the constitution as:
- Determining the defense and national security policies within the framework of general policies determined by the Leader;
- Coordination of activities in the areas relating to politics, intelligence, social, cultural and economic fields in regard to general defense and security policies; and
- Exploitation of materialistic and intellectual resources of the country for facing the internal and external threats.
This National Security Council is mandated by Article 176 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran to be presided over by the president of the country. The president selects the secretary of the council. The decisions of the Council are effective after the confirmation by the Supreme Leader. Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei is at the top of the foreign-policy process.
Supreme National Security Council formulates the country's nuclear policy. The nuclear policies formulated by the council would become effective if they are confirmed by the Supreme Leader. The secretary of the council was the chief nuclear negotiator of Iran until 5 September 2013 when responsibility for nuclear talks was assigned to the ministry of foreign affairs.
As of 2013, following members are:
- Head of the Executive - President Hassan Rouhani
- Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) - Rear Admiral Ali Shamkhani
- Head of the Legislative - Chairman Ali Larijani
- Head of the Judiciary - Ayatollah Sadeq Larijani
- Chief of the Supreme Command Council of the Armed Forces (SCCAF)- Major General Hassan Firouzabadi
- Vice President in Budget - Mohammad Bagher Nobakht
- Representative of the Supreme Leader to the Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) - Rear Admiral Ali Shamkhani
- Representative of the Supreme Leader to the Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) - Saeed Jalili
- Chief of the Army - Major General Ataollah Salehi
- Chief of the Islamic Revolution’s Guards Corps (IRGC) - Major General Mohammad Ali Jafari
- Minister of Foreign Affairs - Mohammad Javad Zarif
- Minister of the Interior - Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli
- Minister of Intelligence and Security - Mahmoud Alavi
References and notes
- Islamic Republic of Iran, The Supreme National Security Council (SNSC)
- § 1 of Article 176
- ISNA - 08-15-2005 - 84/5/24 - سرويس: / سياسي / شماره خبر: 569141
- § 5 of Article 176
- Iran: Nuclear Decision Making Undergoes Changes Radio Liberty Tuesday,9 August 2005
- Article 176
- "Iran's Rouhani shifts responsibility for nuclear talks". BBC. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- Iranian Supreme National Security Council