At-Tawba

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At-Tawba
التوبة
Tawba.pdf
At-Tawba
Classification Madinan
Meaning of the name The Repentance
Other names Al-Bara'ah (Dispensation)Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement
Statistics
Sura number 9
Number of verses 129
Juz' number 10 to 11
Hizb number 19 to 21
Number of Sajdahs none
Previous Sura Al-Anfal
Next Sura Yunus

Surah At-Tawbah (Arabic: سورة التوبة, Sūratu t-Tawbah, "The Repentance") also known as al-Bara'ah "the Ultimatum" in many hadith is the ninth chapter of the Qur'an, with 129 verses. It is one of the last Madinan Suras. It is the only Sura of the Qur'an that does not begin with the bismillah. This sura was revealed at the time of the Battle of Tabuk.

At-Tawba 5 is the so-called "sword verse".

Verse 30 deals with pagans and equates them with the People of the Book.

Verse 37 documents the prohibition of Nasīʾ. This prohibition was repeated by Muhammad during the last sermon on Mount Arafat which was delivered during the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca on 9 Dhu al-Hijja 10 AH.

According to Zayd ibn Thabit, when the Qu'ran was first being compiled, he found the last verses of this sura in the possession of Abu'l-Khuzayma al-Ansari and no one else.[1][2]In another account, Ubay ibn Ka'b informed Zayd that the Prophet taught him the end of this sura and recited the same verses.[3] Some, like Ibn Hazm, suggested that Abu Khuzayma was the only one to have the last verses in written form, as Zayd and others had memorized them.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl Bukhārī, Sahih al-Bukhari, Peace Vision, 1971 p.1727.
  2. ^ F. E. Peters, A Reader on Classical Islam, Princeton University Press 1993 p.180.
  3. ^ a b Ahmad Ali Al-Imam, Variant Readings of the Qurʼan: A Critical Study of Their Historical and Linguistic Origins, International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2006 pp.28-29.

External links[edit]

Previous sura:
Al-Anfal
Surah 9 Next sura:
Yunus
Arabic text