Bundi, Rajasthan, India
Surajmal Misrana (also spelled Suryamal Misan (1815–1863) was a poet from Bundi, Rajasthan, India. He hailed from the Charan caste. He knew six languages and was a scholar of grammar, logic, history and politics. He wrote in Hindi, Pingal and Dingal. His important works include Vansh Bhaskar, Vir Satsai, Balwant Vilas and Chhandomayush.
Misan was a court poet in Bundi, which was ruled by the great Hada Chauhan dynasty. In the poetry world they are known as "Mahakavi."He undertook the work Vans Bhaskar at the order of Maharao Raja Ramsingh of Bundi. The word Vans means genealogy and Bhaskar means the sun, hence Vans Bhaskar is intended to be a chronicle of the Hada Chauhan dynasty, who claimed to originate from the sun. He intended to write Vans Bhaskar in two volumes and twelve parts as an analogy with the sun, which has two solstices and twelve months in a year. He left the work unfinished at the eighth part of the second volume because of differences with his patron, whose territory became British protectorate, while poet supported the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Misan's glorification of local heroes helped to develop the spirit of nationalization in Rajasthan.
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