The bridge as seen from the Surabaya coast
|Official name||Jembatan Nasional Surabaya – Madura|
|Crosses||Madura Strait, Indonesia|
|Design||cable stayed bridge
box girder bridge
|Total length||5,438 metres (17,841 ft)|
|Width||30 metres (98 ft)|
|Height||146 metres (479 ft)|
|Longest span||818 metres (2,684 ft)|
|Construction begin||20 August 2003|
|Opened||10 June 2009|
The Suramadu Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Suramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is cable-stayed bridge between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in Indonesia. Opened in June 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait.
The cable-stayed portion has three spans with lengths 192 m, 434 m and 192 m. The bridge has two lanes in each direction plus an emergency lane and a dedicated lane for motorcycles.
The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT Adhi Karya and PT Waskita Karya working with China Road and Bridge Corp. and China Harbor Engineering Co. Ltd. The total cost of the project, including connecting roads, has been estimated at 4.5 trillion rupiah (US$445 million).
Construction began in August 2003. In July 2004, a girder collapsed, killing one worker and injuring nine others. Work on the bridge halted at the end of 2004 due to lack of funds, but was restarted in November 2005. The main span of the bridge was connected on 31 March 2009, and the bridge was opened to the public on 10 June 2009.
Within a week of the opening, it was discovered that nuts and bolts as well as maintenance lamps had been stolen and that there was evidence of vandalism of cables supporting the main span.
The successful completion of the Suramadu bridge has encouraged interest in the possibility of constructing a much larger Sunda Strait Bridge across the Sunda Strait at the western end of Java. The bridge was shown both at the introduction and episode 2 of The Amazing Race 21.
- Indra Harasputra, 'Special report:Suramadu bridge could last for 100 years', The Jakarta Post, 10 June 2009.
- "The Suramadu Bridge". The Jakarta Post. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Taufiq, Rohman (2009-06-10). "Indonesia Launches First Inter-Island Bridge". Tempo. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Witular, Rendi A. (2009-06-10). "Special Report: 'Made in China' poses as RI's pride". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Akhirnya, Bagian Tersulit Pada Jembatan Suramadu Tersambung" (in Indonesian). Suramadu Bridge Project. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Sebanyak 6.500 Undangan Hadiri Peresmian Jembatan Suramadu" (in Indonesian). Suramadu Bridge Project. 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Suramadu Toll Bridge Fares Announced". Kompas. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Newly Opened East Java Bridge Gets Pilfered For Scrap Metal And Used Parts". The Jakarta Globe. 2009-06-17. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Suramadu Bridge Project official website (in Indonesian)