Al-Fil

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  Sura 105 of the Quran  
سورة الفيل
Al-Fīl
The Elephant

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Meccan
Structure 5 verses
This article is about the chapter of the Qur'an translated to English as "The Elephant." For other uses, see Elephant (disambiguation).

Al-Fil (Arabic: سورة الفيل‎ ) (The Elephant) is the 105th chapter (sura) of the Quran. It is a Meccan sura consisting of 5 verses.

Notes[edit]

The year of Muhammad's birth is identified as 'the Year of the Elephant', when Mecca was attacked by Abraha accompanied by an elephant. Quranic exegetes interpreted that God saved the Meccans from this force by sending a swarm of birds that pelted the invaders with clay stones and drove them away. A number of other interpretations exist.[1] [2]

There is uncertainty about the origin of the word 'sijjīl' (lumps of hard clay) in verse 4. The etymologies proposed for 'sijjīl' include the Persian 'sang' + 'gil' (stone + clay), or Aramaic 'sgyl' (smooth altar stone), or Syriac 'sīgīliyon' (seal or diploma).[3] In the Quran 'sijjīl' occurs in two other verses: 11:82 and 15:74.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leaman, ed. by Oliver (2008). The Qur'an : an encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 129. ISBN 9-78-0-415-32639-1. 
  2. ^ Mir, Mustansir (2005). "Elephants, Birds of Prey, and Heaps of Pebbles: Farāhī's Interpretation of Sūrat al-Fīl". Journal of Qur'anic Studies 7 (1): 33–47. doi:10.3366/jqs.2005.7.1.33. 
  3. ^ Rippin, Andrew (editor) (2007). The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'an. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 137-138. ISBN 1405178442

External links[edit]

  • Surah Al-Feel (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
Al-Humaza
Sura 105 Next sura:
Quraysh
Arabic text