|Alternate titles (Ar.)||(Sūrat al-Tawḥīd) سورة التوحيد|
|Other names (Eng.)||The Unity, Oneness of God, Sincere Religion, The Declaration of [God's] Perfection|
Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص, The Fidelity), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: سورة التوحيد, Monotheism) is the 112th Sura of the Qur'an. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute oneness, consisting of 4 ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining".
It is disputed whether this is a Meccan or Madinan sura. The former seems more probable, particularly since it seems to have been alluded to by Bilal, who, when he was being tortured by his cruel master, is said to have repeated "Ahad, Ahad!" (unique, referring as here to Allah). It is reported from Ubayy ibn Ka'b that it was revealed after the polytheists asked "O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord."
Arabic verses and transliteration
بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ
- قُلۡ هُوَ اللّٰہُ اَحَدٌ
- اَللّٰہُ الصَّمَدُ
- لَمۡ یَلِدۡۙ وَ لَمۡ یُوۡلَدۡ
- وَ لَمۡ یَکُنۡ لَّهّ کُفُوًا اَحَدٌ
English translation of verses
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
۞Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One,
۞Allah, the Eternal Refuge.
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
۞He neither begets nor is born,
وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
۞Nor is there to Him any equivalent."
Say:Allah, the One and Only;  Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;  He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;  And there is none comparable unto Him. 
1. 1Say, "He is Allah (God), Ahad (Who is the Only One, the Unique One of Absolute Oneness, i.e., single and indivisible).
1. Surat Al-'Ikhlas: The Sincerity/Purification, i.e., the purification of faith – the surah's theme. It takes its name from the subject matter; for this reason, it is also called Surat at-Tawhid (Monotheism). Muhammad described this surah as being equivalent to one third of the Qur'an. (Narrated by al-Bukhari, Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Al-Nasa'i, at-Tirmidhi and Malik.)
2. Allah-us-Samad (the Eternal, Absolute, Independent, Perfect, the Everlasting Sovereign, the Self-Sufficient Master, the Ultimate Source for everything, the Uncaused Cause, the Transcendent of all, the Eternally Besought of all, the Eternal Refuge i.e., the one sought in times of difficulty and need, the one depended upon by all existence, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks, Himself in no need of anything).
3. He begets not (He has no children, no descendents, no offspring, no son/sons or daughters), nor is/was He begotten (uncreated, and He has no parent).
4. And there is none equivalent/comparable/similar to Him (He does not have a spouse)."
Detailed explanation of Bismillah
بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيم
Say, In (or with) the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy. [Note: It should be remembered that it is not the written text/part/Ayah of سُورة [Chapter 112] and hence it is never numbered. For convenience of those readers who are already believers, this is traditionally printed since it is commanded in the Qur'an to read/recite with the Name of Sustainer Lord, The Creator]
Sura 112, al-Ikhlas (The Purity)[Quran 112:1], like all surat except for the ninth, begins with "In the name of God" (Bismillah), which is not part of any sura except al-Fatihah but is written before every sura except for Surah 9 and is not counted among the verses of a sura. It is printed before all surat except the ninth in all printed copies of the Qur'an (mushaf) since it is commanded in the Qur'an to say Bismillah whenever one reads or recites the Qur'an.
Hadith referring to al-Ikhlas
According to a hadith, this sura is an especially important and honored part of the Quran:
- Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: A man heard another man reciting (in the prayers): 'Say (O Muhammad): "He is Allah, the One." (112.1) And he recited it repeatedly. When it was morning, he went to the Prophet and informed him about that as if he considered that the recitation of that Sura by itself was not enough. Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, it is equal to one-third of the Quran."
- Narrated Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Humayd ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf had told him that Surat al-Ikhlas (Sura 112) was equal to a third of the Qur'an, and that Surat al-Mulk (Sura 67) pleaded for its owner.
- Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet sent (an army unit) under the command of a man who used to lead his companions in the prayers and would finish his recitation with (the Sura 112): 'Say (O Muhammad): "He is Allah, the One." ' (112.1) When they returned (from the battle), they mentioned that to the Prophet. He said (to them), "Ask him why he does so." They asked him and he said, "I do so because it mentions the qualities of the Beneficent and I love to recite it (in my prayer)." The Prophet; said (to them), "Tell him that Allah loves him"
- Imam Malik bin Anas has said that `Ubayd bin Hunayn heard Abu Hurayrah speaking: "I was walking with the Prophet and we heard a man reciting "Say: He, God, is One" The God's Apostle said: "It is inevitable" I asked "what?": He responded: "Paradise."
- Abu Said has narrated that he heard the Prophet saying:"Isn't every one of you able to recite one third of the Quran during a night?" They thought it was very difficult, so they asked: "Who is able to do that, O Apostle of God?" He responded: "He is God, the One and Only is one third of the Qur'an."
- Al-Bukhari reported from Amrah bint Abdur-Rahman, who used to stay in the apartment of Aishah radhi'Allahu 'anha, the wife of the Prophet, that Aishah said, "The Prophet sent a man as the commander of a war expedition and he used to lead his companions in prayer with recitation (of the Quran). And he would complete his recitation with the recitation, 'say He is Allah, One'. So when they returned, they mentioned that to the Prophet and he said, "Ask him why does he do that". So they asked him and he said, "Because it is the description of Ar-Rahman and I love to recite it". So the Prophet said, "Inform him that Allah the Most High Loves him." This is how Al-Bukhari recorded this hadith in his book of tawhid. Muslim and an-Nisai also recorded it.
- An authentic Hadith says ‘Say [recite] (Qul Huw allaahu Ahad) [Suraatul Ikhlaas] and al-M aw ’idhatayn ( Suratul Falaq and Suratun Naas ) three times in the morning and the evening; they will suffice you from everything.’ [Narrated by At-Tirmidhi. And Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani authenticated it : 2829
- Narrated ‘Aisha: “Whenever thy Prophet went to bed every night, he used to cup his hands together and blow over it after reciting Surah al-Ikhlas, Surah al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas, and then rub his hands over whatever parts of his body he was able to rub, starting with his head, face and front of his body. He used to do that three times.
- Imam Ahmad also recorded that Ibn `Umar said, “I watched the Prophet twenty-four or twenty-five times reciting in the two Rak`ahs before the Morning prayer and the two Rak`ahs after the Sunset prayer, ‘Say: “O Al-Kafirun!”’ (Surah Al-Kafirun) and ‘Say: “He is Allah One.”
Listen to Al-Ikhlas
- Mohammed Ayoub
- Abdulrahman Alsudais
- Audio Tafsir & Commentary of Surah Al-Ikhlas Part 1 of 2 by Nouman Ali Khan
- Audio Tafsir & Commentary of Surah Al-Ikhlas Part 2 of 2 by Nouman Ali Khan
- Surat Al-'Ikhlāş (The Sincerity) - سورة الإخلاص
- Works of Yusuf Ali
- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an. Amana Publications. 978-1590080252
- Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) Volume 9, Number 471
- Imam Malik's Muwatta Chapter No: 15, The Quran Hadith no: 19
- Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) Volume 9, Number 472
- Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 61:Virtues of the Qur'an Book 61, Number 534
- (Sahih al-Bukhari Vol.6 Bk.6 No.536)
- Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 71:Medicine Volume 7, Number 644
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Surah Al-Ikhlas (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
- Works by Abdullah Yusuf Ali at Project Gutenberg
- The Holy Qur'an, translated by Abdullah Yusuf Ali
- Three translations at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Marmaduke Pickthall at Project Gutenberg
- Surah Al-Ikhlas with Audio
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