Suraua

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Suraua
Former municipality of Switzerland
Surcasti
Surcasti
Coat of arms of Suraua
Coat of arms
Suraua is located in Switzerland
Suraua
Suraua
Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°11′E / 46.700°N 9.183°E / 46.700; 9.183Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°11′E / 46.700°N 9.183°E / 46.700; 9.183
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Government
 • Mayor Casper Arpagaus
Area
 • Total 24.20 km2 (9.34 sq mi)
Elevation 910 m (2,990 ft)
Population (Dec 2011)
 • Total 247
 • Density 10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Postal code 7114
SFOS number 3599
Localities Camuns, Surcasti, Tersnaus, Uors-Peiden
Surrounded by Cumbel, Degen, Duvin, Sankt Martin, Vella, Vignogn
Website www.suraua.ch
SFSO statistics

Suraua is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The former municipality was formed on January 1, 2002 through the union of Camuns, Surcasti, Tersnaus, and Uors-Peiden.[1] The municipalities of Cumbel, Degen, Lumbrein, Morissen, Suraua, Vignogn, Vella, and Vrin merged on 1 January 2013 into the new municipality of Lumnezia.[1]

History[edit]

The municipality was formed on 1 January 2002 through the merger of Camuns, Surcasti, Tersnaus, and Uors-Peiden.

  • Camuns wappen.svg Camuns is first mentioned in 1543 as Gamundtz.[2]
  • Surcasti wappen.svg Surcasti is first mentioned in 1515 as Oberkastels and until 1943 it was known by its German name of Obercastels.[3]
  • Tersnaus wappen.svg Tersnaus is first mentioned in 1362 as Terzenaus.[4]
  • Uors-Peiden wappen.svg Uors was first mentioned in 831 as villa Vorce, and in 1290 as Furze.[5] Peiden was first mentioned in 1345 as Pedens.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The municipal coat of arms is Vert a Bend wavy Azure fimbriated Argent and overall an Annulet of the last and a Mullet of Four Or frettee.[7]

The coat of arms was chosen through a contest where the children of the municipality were invited to submit their design for the new coat of arms following the merger. It symbolizes the geography of the municipality, with a river flowing though the green woods and fields. In the center is a ring that symbolizes the merger of the four former municipalities which are symbolized by the points of the star.

Geography[edit]

Camus village
Uors village

Suraua had an area, as of 2006, of 24.2 km2 (9.3 sq mi). Of this area, 29.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 52% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (16.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8]

The former municipality is located in the Lugnez sub-district of the Surselva district. It consists of the villages of Camuns, Surcasti, Tersnaus as well as Uors and Peiden, which in 1963 merged to form Uors-Peiden.

Demographics[edit]

Suraua had a population (as of 2011) of 247.[9] As of 2008, 2.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[10] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -15%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh (75.9%), with German being second most common (21.0%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.7%).[8]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.5% male and 48.5% female.[11] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Suraua is; 32 children or 12.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 29 teenagers or 11.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 33 people or 13.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 43 people or 17.2% are between 30 and 39, 38 people or 15.2% are between 40 and 49, and 22 people or 8.8% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 29 people or 11.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 18 people or 7.2% are between 70 and 79, there are 6 people or 2.4% who are between 80 and 89.[10]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 57% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (19.9%), the SVP (18.2%) and the FDP (4.9%).[8]

In Suraua about 54.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[8]

Suraua has an unemployment rate of 0.79%. As of 2005, there were 76 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 11 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 11 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[8]

The historical population is given in the following table:[12]

year Camuns[2] Surcasti[3] Tersnaus[4] Uors[5] Pieden[6]
1850 77 167 232b 156 91
1900 a 167 60c 104 129
1940/41 128 112 a a a
1950 a 149 175 a 87
1990 45 73 a a 20d
2000 60 a 70 90 a
^a No data given in reference
^b Including St. Martin
^c Without St. Martin
^d Without Uors, since 1961 merged into Uors-Peiden

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Formerly castle Surcasti, now Church of S. Luregn/St. Lorenz

The Church of S. Luregn/St. Lorenz is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[13]

The tower dates to the 12th Century, and is first mentioned in 1253 as the property of the Freiherr von Überkastel. At that time it was the castle of the Überkastel family. When the family died out in the 15th Century the tower was used as a church tower for the Church of S. Luregn/St. Lorenz. Records of the church have been found from 1345, 1515 and 1520. The gothic church was consecrated in 1520. In 1774 it was rebuilt in a baroque style which remains today. During the restoration, a valuable madonna statue was discovered, which is now in the museum at Disentis Abbey.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  2. ^ a b Camuns in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Surcasti in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Tersnaus in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b Uors in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ a b Pieden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 24-Nov-2009
  8. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 24-Nov-2009
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 3 October 2012
  10. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  11. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  12. ^ Suraua in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  13. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 24-Nov-2009
  14. ^ Official website-Surcasti history (German) (Romansh), accessed 24 November 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]