Gang's name tattooed on a gang member's back.
|Founding location||Southern California|
|Years active||1968 - Present|
|Territory||35 States in The U.S. primarily in Southern California|
|Criminal activities||Murder, drug trafficking, extortion, assault, theft, robbery, fraud, human trafficking and arms trafficking.|
|Allies||Mexican Mafia, Ese Te Ese, Tijuana Cartel, MS-13 Los Zetas, la Familia Michoacana Cartel|
|Rivals||Norteños, Nuestra Familia, Crips (certain sets), Fresno Bulldogs, Bloods, Latin Kings|
Sureños [su'ɾeɲos] (Spanish for "Southerners"), or Sureñas for females, are groups of loosely affiliated gangs that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities. Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system. Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Surenos have emerged as a national gang in the United States.
The Sureños main stronghold is in Southern California where they originated. Sureños also maintain relationships with various Mexican based Drug Trafficking Organizations(DTO). They have been confirmed in 35 different states in the U.S. In California, the statewide dividing line between Norteños and Sureños has roughly been accepted as the rural community of Delano, California. This; however, is a heavily debated geographical location.
The term "Sureño" means Southerner in Spanish. Even though Sureños were established in 1968, the term was not used until the 1970s as a result of the continued conflict between the Mexican Mafia and Nuestra Familia in California's prison system. As a result of these prison wars, all Hispanic California street gangs align themselves with the Sureño or Norteño movement with very few exceptions such as the Fresno Bulldogs and the Maravilla gangs of East Los Angeles. When a Sureño is asked what being a Sureño means, gang members, without exception, answer, "A Sureño is a foot soldier for the Mexican Mafia."
Sureños use the number 13 which represents the thirteenth letter of the alphabet, the letter M, in order to pay allegiance to the Mexican Mafia. Common Sureño gang markings and tattoos include, but are not limited to: Sur, XIII, X3, 13, Sur13, uno tres, trece and 3-dots. Although there are many tattoos used by Sureños, there is only one tattoo that proves or validates membership. The word Sureño or Sureña must be earned and can never be taken for granted. In many parts of the country they will identify themselves with the color blue and gray and include wearing sports clothing from teams such as the Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles Kings (on occasions), Los Angeles Lakers, San Diego Padres, San Diego Chargers, Dallas Cowboys, Oakland Raiders, St. Louis Rams, Cleveland Browns and Atlanta Braves. Most Sureños are of Hispanic descent, but some Sureño gangs allow members from various other ethnic backgrounds to join their ranks making Sureños multiethnic.
Sureño groups are involved in every aspect of criminal activity from homicides, drug trafficking, kidnapping, and even violent cases of domestic violence against their own girlfriends and family. They are also heavily engaged in human trafficking. There have been many high profile criminal cases involving Sureños in a variety of states. For example, in state of Washington, there are some Playboys Gang Sureños on trial for shootings at a car show up in Kent, Washington in 2011. Their primary focus is the distribution of various forms narcotics and carrying out orders handed by the Mexican Mafia. Police departments have a difficult time dealing with this gang because of its truly decentralized hierarchy at the street level. Law enforcements attempts to limit the influence of the Mexican Mafia over the various Sureno street gangs has been met with little success.
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