He was born in Valod, a small town in South Gujarat on 30 May 1921.
A strong opponent of romantic tendencies in literature, Joshi influenced many up-and-coming writers in the 1960s and 1970s. His personal essays "are said to have introduced a new prose style in Gujarati literature," according to Gujarati scholar Sarala Jag Mohan.
He was one of the chief exponents of experimentalist poetry in Gujarati, primarily through his literary criticism, rather than his poems. Under his influence, form, technique and structure became far more important considerations within Gujarati poetry. The torments of the individual and literary craftsmanship became more highly esteemed, but intelligibility, lyricism and musicality were valued less, as were social concerns of the writer and even the contents of the work, according to Deepak B. Mehta.
Joshi promoted small magazines, including Kshitij and Manisha.
He died on 6 September 1986 due to kidney-failure.
Books written by Joshi. Each year links to corresponding "[year] in literature" or "[year] in poetry" article:
- 1956: Upjati The collection was withdrawn by the poet.
- 1961: Pratyancha
- 1973: Itara
- 1980: Tathapi
- 1971: Navonmesh
- Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved December 10, 2008
- George, K. M., editor, Modern Indian Literature: An Anthology, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0, Chapter: "Modern Gujarati Literature" by Deepak B. Mehta
- Panchal, Shirish. Suresh Joshi. Makers of Indian Literature, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 2004
- Birjepatil, J. Ten Short Stories by Suresh Joshi. Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi,2001
- Kantak, V.Y. Intimate Asides: Selected Essays from Suresh Joshi's Janantike,Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1995
- Shah, Suman. Suresh Joshithi Suresh Joshi
- Topiwala, Chandrakant. Suresh Joshi