Surface is an American design, architecture, and fashion magazine. Created in 1993 by Richard Klein, Surface was based in San Francisco until 2005, when the main offices moved to New York City. The magazine is published six times a year by Sandow Media LLC. In 1994, Vanity Fair named Surface as one of ten "upstart magazines to watch". Of these ten, only Surface and Visionaire still remained in production 10 years later.