Surgeon General of the United States Army
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
- This article is about the head of the medical department of the U.S. Army. For the head of the U.S. Public Health Service, see Surgeon General of the United States. For other uses, see Surgeon General (disambiguation).
|Surgeon General of the
United States Army
Flag of the Surgeon General of the Army
|Department of the Army|
|Reports to||Secretary of the Army
Chief of Staff of the Army
|Seat||The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, USA|
|Term length||Four Years|
|Constituting instrument||10 U.S.C. § 3036|
|Formation||March 13, 1813|
|First holder||Benjamin Church, Jr.|
|Deputy||Deputy Surgeon General of the Army|
The Surgeon General of the United States Army is the senior-most officer of the U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD). By policy, the Surgeon General (TSG) serves as Commanding General, U.S. Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) as well as head of the AMEDD. The surgeon general's office and staff are known as the Office of the Surgeon General (OTSG) and are located in Falls Church, Virginia.
Since 1959, TSG has been appointed in the grade of lieutenant general. By law, TSG may be appointed from any of the six officer branches of the AMEDD. However, prior to the incumbent (a Nurse Corps officer), all appointed and confirmed surgeons general have been Medical Corps officers (military physicians).
As a commanding general, TSG provides advice and assistance to the Chief of Staff, Army (CSA) and to the Secretary of the Army (SECARMY) on all health care matters pertaining to the U.S. Army and its military health care system. He or she is responsible for development, policy direction, organization and overall management of an integrated Army-wide health service system and is the medical materiel developer for the Army. These duties include formulating policy regulations on health service support, health hazard assessment and the establishment of health standards. TSG is assisted by a Deputy Surgeon General.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
Congress established the Medical Service of the Continental Army on July 27, 1775 and placed a "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army as its head at that time. The first five surgeons general of the U.S. Army served under this title. An Act of May 28, 1789 established a "Physician general" of the U.S. Army (only Doctors Richard Allison and James Craik served according to this nomenclature). An Act of March 13, 1813 cited the "Physician & surgeon general" of the U.S. Army. This nomenclature remained in place until the Medical Department was established by the Reorganization Act of April 14, 1818. (Physicians assigned to the U.S. Army were not accorded military rank until 1847.)
Surgeons General of the U.S. Army and their precursors
- Note: The AMEDD Museum at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas has a display on the Army Surgeons General including images of all of them except Dr. Richard Allison.
Agencies, centers, and programs within the OTSG
- Military Vaccine Agency (MILVAX)
- Borden Institute
- U.S. Army Medical Information Technology Center (USAMITC)
- Library of the Surgeon General's Office, now the National Library of Medicine
- Medical Corps (United States Army)
- Surgeon General of the United States Navy
- Surgeon General of the United States Air Force
References and notes
- MG Pollock, a U.S. Army Nurse Corps officer, served as Acting Surgeon General for nine months after LTG Kiley resigned in the wake of the 2007 Walter Reed Army Medical Center neglect scandal. (Army News Release)
- OTSG Portal
- Surgeon General Consultant Program
- The Surgeons General of the U.S. Army and Their Predecessors at the Office of Medical History, OTSG Website