Surgut

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Surgut (English)
Сургут (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Lenin st., Surgut, Russia 04.jpg
Lenina Street in Surgut
Map of Russia - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Surgut is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Surgut
Surgut
Location of Surgut in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 61°15′N 73°26′E / 61.250°N 73.433°E / 61.250; 73.433Coordinates: 61°15′N 73°26′E / 61.250°N 73.433°E / 61.250; 73.433
Coat of Arms of Surgut (2003).jpg
Flag of Surgut (Khanty-Mansia (Yugra)).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of okrug significance of Surgut[1]
Administrative center of Surgutsky District,[1] city of okrug significance of Surgut[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2009)
Urban okrug Surgut Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Surgut Urban Okrug,[2] Surgutsky Municipal District[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Dmitry Popov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 306,675 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 62nd
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[4]
Founded 1594[citation needed]
City status since June 25, 1965[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 3462[citation needed]
Official website
Surgut on WikiCommons

Surgut (Russian: Сургут; IPA: [sʊrˈgut]) is a city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the Ob River near its junction with the Irtysh River, the largest in the autonomous okrug. Population: 306,675 (2010 Census);[3] 285,027 (2002 Census);[5] 247,823 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1594 by order of Tsar Feodor I and is one of the oldest in Siberia.[citation needed] The name of the city, according to one tradition, originates from the Khanty words "sur" (fish) and "gut" (hole, pit).

The urbanization of Surgut took place in the 1960s, when it became a center of oil and gas production. On June 25, 1965 the work settlement of Surgut was granted town status.[citation needed] The city's holiday is celebrated annually on June 12. The current mayor is Dmitry Valeryevich Popov (since 2010). Ex-mayor Alexander Sidorov (since 1996) oversaw the construction of the Surgut Bridge, the longest one-tower cable-stayed bridge in the world.

Transfiguration Cathedral in Surgut

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it serves as the administrative center of Surgutsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of okrug significance of Surgut—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of okrug significance of Surgut is incorporated as Surgut Urban Okrug.[2]

Climate[edit]

Surgut features a continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with long and very cold winters and short but relatively warm summers. Precipitation is moderate, and is higher from May to October, when rain is more frequent, than in the rest of the year, when snow is more frequent.

Climate data for Surgut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
6.5
(43.7)
10.3
(50.5)
23.0
(73.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
30.3
(86.5)
27.4
(81.3)
20.7
(69.3)
8.2
(46.8)
2.5
(36.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−14.2
(6.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
1.6
(34.9)
10.6
(51.1)
18.9
(66)
22.4
(72.3)
18.2
(64.8)
10.8
(51.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
2.3
(36.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.0
(−4)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
5.8
(42.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
14.4
(57.9)
7.4
(45.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
Average low °C (°F) −23.4
(−10.1)
−22
(−8)
−13.6
(7.5)
−7.1
(19.2)
1.7
(35.1)
10.1
(50.2)
14.0
(57.2)
10.8
(51.4)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−14.6
(5.7)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
Record low °C (°F) −54.2
(−65.6)
−55.2
(−67.4)
−48.7
(−55.7)
−39.7
(−39.5)
−22
(−8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−55
(−67)
−55.2
(−67.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
22
(0.87)
28
(1.1)
34
(1.34)
58
(2.28)
57
(2.24)
76
(2.99)
69
(2.72)
85
(3.35)
55
(2.17)
39
(1.54)
32
(1.26)
580
(22.83)
Avg. rainy days 0.3 0.1 1 6 12 14 12 15 15 12 3 1 91.4
Avg. snowy days 22 18 15 9 4 1 0 0 1 11 20 23 124
 % humidity 81 79 75 69 65 65 67 76 79 84 84 82 75.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 31 95 147 218 252 261 311 217 136 70 46 23 1,807
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[7]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[8]

Economy[edit]

Surgut's economy is tied to oil production (the city is known as "The Oil Capital of Russia") and the processing of natural gas. The most important enterprises are the oil firm Surgutneftegaz and Surgutgazprom (a unit of Gazprom). Surgut electric plants GRES-1 and GRES-2 produce over 7200 megawatts and supply most of the region with relatively cheap electricity.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by the Surgut International Airport, which offers flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Dubai, Irkutsk, and a number of other cities.

The TyumenNovy Urengoy railway line passes near the city. Going towards Tyumen, the next station is Salym, where Royal Dutch Shell has a substantial development. This section of the route takes about six hours. Road P-404 connects Surgut with Tyumen.

There is a port on the Ob River.

Sports[edit]

International relations[edit]

Surgut is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #43-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #63-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Climate Normals for Surgut". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська". mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 7, 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №43-оз от 7 июля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №127-оз от 9 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №83, 17 июля 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #43-oz of July 7, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #127-oz of November 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №63-оз от 25 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры», в ред. Закона №48-оз от 23 июня 2014 г. «О преобразовании сельских поселений Чеускино и Сингапай Нефтеюганского района в сельское поселение Сингапай Нефтеюганского района и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования и до 1 января 2006 года применяется в целях реализации статей 84, 85 Федерального закона от 06.10.2003 №131-ФЗ. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №143, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #63-oz of November 25, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra, as amended by the Law #48-oz of June 23, 2014 On Transforming the Rural Settlements of Cheuskino and Singapay in Nefteyugansky District into the Rural Settlement of Singapay in Nefteyugansky District and on Amending Various Laws of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date; also in effect until January 1, 2006 in order to meet the requirements of Articles 84, 85 of the Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003.).

External links[edit]