The US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Gridley in the Surigao Strait
|Region||Eastern Visayas, Caraga|
|Length||75 km (47 mi), N-S|
|Width||25 km (16 mi), E-W|
Surigao Strait (Filipino: Kipot ng Surigaw) is a body of water in the Philippines located between the islands of Mindanao and Panaon, and between the islands of Dinagat and Leyte. This strait connects the Bohol Sea with Leyte Gulf and is regularly crossed by numerous ferries that transport goods and people between Visayas and Mindanao. The ferries stop at Liloan, Southern Leyte and Surigao City in Surigao del Norte.
According to legend, the strait was named after Solibao, a Negrito chieftain, who lived at the outlet of the Surigao River. Migrating Visayan fishermen gradually formed a settlement there, and when Spanish explorers visited the place, they probably misheard the name as Surigao instead of Solibao. A different theory explains that Surigao may be derived from the Spanish word surgir, meaning "swift water" or "current".
In March 1521 during the first circumnavigation of the Earth, Ferdinand Magellan and his crew were the first Europeans to sail through the strait.
The Battle of Surigao Strait took place here on October 25, 1944, when the "cross the T" incident took place as American battleships fire their guns over Vice Admiral Shoji Nishimura's Southern Force; nearly all of which, including the battleships Yamashiro and Fusō and others were sunk. Admiral Nishimura was killed in action when his flagship Yamashiro sank following actions against Jesse B. Oldendorf's battleships, all but one of which had been at Pearl Harbor.
- "About Surigao del Norte". Philippine Provincial Road Management Facility. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "INBOUND THROUGH THE SURIGAO STRAIT". Puerto Galera Yacht Club, Inc. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Legend of Surigao City". www.surigao.net. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Surigao Travel Information". Free N Easy Travel. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Zapotoczny, Walter S. (2008). "The Battle of Surigao Strait: The Last Crossing of the T". MilitaryHistoryOnline.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Media related to Surigao Strait at Wikimedia Commons