||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Surkhet District. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2013.|
|Region||Mid-Western (Madhya Pashchimanchal)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
Surkhet is one of the total seventy-five districts of Nepal which lies in the Bheri Zone of the Mid-Western Development Region of Nepal. It shares the administrative headquarter with that of the entire Mid-Western Development Region in Birendranagar. The beautiful Surkhet Valley, which includes the Birendranagar, is the heart of Surkhet district, and it is spread to about 50 square kilometer. It is approximately at a distance of 600 kilometers towards west from Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.
Surkhet is bordered with total seven districts, namely, Jajarkot, Dailekh, and Achhaam districts in the north, Bardiya and Kailali districts in the south, Salyan district in the east, and Doti district in the west. Towards the north of Surkhet is the Seti-Karnali region which includes five districts of the Karnali zone, four districts of Seti zone, and the Dailekh and Jajarkot districts of the Bheri zone. Towards the south of Surkhet are Banke,Bardiya, Kailali districts belonging to the plane Terai region. Surkhet is bordered in the east with Salyan district of Raapti zone. It is also deemed as the future capital of the proposed Bheri-Karnali state of the federal Nepal.
Unlike the cold weather of the Karnali region and hot weather of Terai region, Surkhet is blessed with moderate and pleasing weather. Like the other parts of Nepal, Surkhet also experiences four distinct seasons, namely, spring, summer, rainy, and winter. During the winter temperature drops to approximately 5°C and during the summer it goes up to 38°C. Monsoon brings sufficient rainfall during the rainy season. The weather becomes very pleasing after rainy season until the beginning of winter season. Surkhet does not experience summertime extreme hot and wintertime dense fog of the Terai region and extreme cold of the Karnali region.
Before its own identity as an independent district, it used to be in the district of Dailekh. Surkhet is hub to remote districts like Dailekh, Kaalikot, Jumla, Mugu, Jajarkot, and Salyan. Recently because of insurgency, many people have migrated to Surkhet from these districts.
The majority of the people are Bahun and Chettris, and there are minorities which are Newar, Magar, Tharu, Sunaar, and Kaami. Majority of the people are Hindu. Others are Buddhists, Christians, and Muslims.
Surkhet is accessible by air service and roads from various parts of the country. Ratna highway links it to the rest of Nepal. Karnali Highway, recently constructed and being black topped, will link Surkhet to the remote Western region Karnali. An air service connects Surkhet to Kathmandu, Nepalgunj, Jumla and several other districts.
There are three colleges which provide education up to Master's level. There are many 10+2 which teach science, management, humanities, rural development, education etc. There are various institutions which provide technical education like veterinary, overseer, computer assistant, assistant health worker, ANM, etc.
A university is proposed to be constructed in surkhet valley which will provide cheap and quality education to people in this region.
It has a regional hospital which provides basic medication for its people. The main occupation is farming.
There are many NGOs and INGOs working in this area for development. The INF Surkhet Programme is one of the oldest organizations working in the health and development sector. There are other INGOs like GTZ, DFID, DANIDA, US Aid, Oxfam.
Tourist attractions are places like Kakrebihar, Bulbule, Deutibajai, Mangalgadhi, Gothikanda, Ghantaghar, Bheri river and many other places with religious as well as historic values. Kakrebihar is the remains of an old Buddhist Monastery (palace), which is in the list of national heritage sites in Nepal. Bheri river is a well known destination for rafting. Birendranagar is a beautiful city which is among very few cities in Nepal built under a master plan. People have access to a good network of roads as compared to other mid-sized cities in Nepal which makes transportation easy. But due to lack of proper attention from the government and donor agencies in looking after this beautiful heritage city, there has not been sufficient effort to make it look more beautiful and establish it as a popular tourist destination.
- "MeroSurkhet.com - It's My Surkheti Soul" MeroSurkhet.com
- "Welcome To Surkhet Valley" Namastesurkhet.com
On Facebook: Mero surkhet ramro surkhet