Surlingham

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Coordinates: 52°36′22″N 1°25′10″E / 52.606045°N 1.419339°E / 52.606045; 1.419339

Surlingham
Surlingham-g4.jpg
Surlingham St Mary
Surlingham is located in Norfolk
Surlingham
Surlingham
 Surlingham shown within Norfolk
Area  7.32 km2 (2.83 sq mi)
Population 637 
    - Density  87 /km2 (230 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TG314067
Civil parish Surlingham
District South Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORWICH
Postcode district NR14
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Surlingham is a village and civil parish in South Norfolk situated on the Broads (United Kingdom). It lies approximately 6½ miles (10½ km) south-east of Norwich on the south bank of the River Yare between Bramerton and Rockland St Mary. In the 2001 census it contained 266 households and a population of 637.[1] Although Surlingham is part of South Norfolk District, as in other broadland villages those areas of the village adjacent to the river and broads fall into the executive area of the Broads Authority.

Churches[edit]

The ruins of St Saviour's church in Surlingham

The church of St Mary in Surlingham is one of 124 existing round-tower churches in Norfolk. The adjacent Church Marsh nature reserve is owned by the RSPB and is overlooked by the ruins of St Saviour's church (less than half a mile north-east of St Mary's). Dating from the 12th century, St. Saviour's was in regular use until 1705. A campaign has been launched by local villagers to save the site from further deterioration and to make it safe for visitors. Norfolk naturalist Ted Ellis is buried here.

Village[edit]

Surlingham Community Primary School currently caters for around 80 children in four classrooms, two in the original Victorian building and two more built in a similar style completed in 2006. It is situated on Walnut Hill in the centre of Surlingham opposite the village pond. Also in the centre of the village are a village shop, post office and a garage. In 2011 a choir, "Surlingham Broadnotes", was started in the village.[2]

Pubs[edit]

The Ferry House Inn, Surlingham

The village has two pubs, both in the north of the village on the bank of the river, the Coldham Hall Tavern and The Ferry House Inn. The latter marks the site of a ferry across the Yare to Postwick which stopped operating around 1939 following a collision with a coaster.[3]

Surlingham Broad[edit]

Lying between Surlingham Ferry and Coldham Hall Tavern is Surlingham Broad, a maze of waterways and swamp over 1 km2 in area owned by Norfolk Wildlife Trust. One of the central lakes, Bargate, is connected to the Yare by two dykes; the area is known as the 'wherry graveyard' as 13 wherry hulls have been sunk here.[4] It was in the Yare valley and in particular on Surlingham Broad in the 1950s that Dr Joyce Lambert, helped by schoolboys from the City of Norwich School, began taking peat borings which led her to conclude that the Broads were the result of human activity, peat digging.[5]

Wheatfen Broad[edit]

Gravestone marking the burial place of naturalist Ted Ellis

A well known and widely respected local figure, the writer, broadcaster and naturalist Ted Ellis (1909-1986) lived near Surlingham with his wife Phyllis for 40 years at Wheatfen Cottage near Wheatfen Broad. Ellis, who was known in print as E.A. Ellis, set up and developed his own nature reserve at the broad which is today known as Wheatfen Nature Reserve and is managed by the Ted Ellis Trust. A study centre was opened at the nature reserve in 2011.[6]

From 1928-56 Ellis was Keeper of Natural History at Norwich Castle Museum, but aged 47 he resigned to focus on his work as a naturalist.[7] He wrote a nature column in the local newspaper, the Eastern Daily Press, above the byline 'E.A.E'. (for Edward Augustine Ellis). As E. A. Ellis, he wrote books including the volume on The Broads in Collins' New Naturalists series. He often appeared on local television (on BBC Look East) and on radio (on BBC Radio 4's Nature Postbag) and he was active in many nature and conservation organisations.[7][8]

A naturalist with a national reputation whose painstaking research was respected and admired by the academic world, he communicated his enthusiasm to a wide audience through his writing and broadcasting. Ellis and his wife are buried among the ruins of St Saviour's Church.[9]

David Bellamy compared the significance of Wheatfen Broad to that of "Mount Everest or the giant redwood forests of North America". He went on, "It is probably the best bit of fenland we have because we know so much about it... purely because one man gave his life trying to understand it - Ted Ellis."[10]

Padmaloka[edit]

Padmaloka Buddhist Retreat Centre, one of the biggest Buddhist retreat centres in the UK, is located at Lesingham House in the village. The centre is run by the Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order). 'Padmaloka' means 'realm of the lotus'.

Accommodation[edit]

Surlingham Lodge Cottages offers you an exceptionally high quality holiday accommodation. Two self contained, ground floor holiday homes, each accommodating four persons, with the additional options of a child's bed and/or cot available on request. The cottages are situated together in large gardens, each with its own patio areas. The cottages can be booked together or separately for smaller groups. www.surlinghamlodgecottages.co.uk

Sports and Recreation[edit]

  • Coldham Hall Sailing Club which was founded in 1951 is situated in the grounds of Coldham Hall Tavern.[11]
  • In 2009 a football team ("Surlingham Tornadoes") was established to give boys and girls in the village the opportunity to play the game.[12]

Transport links[edit]

Surlingham is served by bus route 85 operated by Anglian Coaches providing six services a day into Norwich via Rockland St Mary, Bramerton and Kirby Bedon.[13]

National Cycle Route 1 passes through Surlingham on its way from Norwich to Beccles via Loddon.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Ted Ellis, naturalist, died 1986.
  • Sangharakshita, founder of the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order, and author of a large number of books on Buddhism, lived in the village for many years.

External links[edit]

Media related to Surlingham at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ Surlingham parish information [South Norfolk Council]
  2. ^ http://en-gb.facebook.com/pages/Surlingham-Broadnotes/231388680247775
  3. ^ Surlingham - Ferry House
  4. ^ www.turnershut.co.uk The Home of Turners Hut
  5. ^ Page, Mike (2005). A Broads-Eye View: The Norfolk Broads through Aerial Photography, Halsgrove, Tiverton.
  6. ^ Wheatfen study centre vision becomes a reality, Eastern Daily Press, 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
  7. ^ a b A-Z of Norfolk science - T: Ted Ellis, BBC Norfolk website. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  8. ^ BBC Norfolk, Friday 22 May 2009 - Ted Ellis Remembered
  9. ^ http://www.literarynorfolk.co.uk/surlingham.htm
  10. ^ http://www.wheatfen.org
  11. ^ Coldham Hall Sailing Club
  12. ^ Surlingham Tornadoes homepage
  13. ^ Anglian Coaches Timetable