Surpierre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Surpierre
Surpierre - Bailiff's Castle above Surpierre village
Bailiff's Castle above Surpierre village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Surpierre
Canton Fribourg
District Broye
46°45′N 6°52′E / 46.750°N 6.867°E / 46.750; 6.867Coordinates: 46°45′N 6°52′E / 46.750°N 6.867°E / 46.750; 6.867
Population 325 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 68 /km2 (176 /sq mi)
Area 4.82 km2 (1.86 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 618 m (2,028 ft)
Postal code 1528
SFOS number 2044
Mayor Syndic
Surrounded by Cheiry, Cremin (VD), Forel-sur-Lucens (VD), Granges-près-Marnand (VD), Lucens (VD), Villeneuve
Website website missing
SFSO statistics
Surpierre is located in Switzerland
Surpierre
Surpierre

Surpierre is a municipality in the district of Broye, in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. In January 2005 Surpiere incorporated the formerly independent municipality of Praratoud.

History[edit]

Surpierre is first mentioned in 1142 as Super Petram.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bailiff's Castle above Surpierre village

Surpierre has an area, as of 2009, of 4.8 square kilometers (1.9 sq mi). Of this area, 2.74 km2 (1.06 sq mi) or 56.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.81 km2 (0.70 sq mi) or 37.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.22 km2 (0.085 sq mi) or 4.6% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 2.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.9%. Out of the forested land, 36.3% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 40.5% is used for growing crops and 15.1% is pastures, while 1.2% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

The municipality is located in the Broye district, in an exclave in the canton of Vaud. The village is on a cliff overlooking the Broye valley. It consists of the villages of Surpierre and Praratoud.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, three Plates.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Surpierre has a population (as of December 2013) of 325.[1] As of 2008, 5.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 4.8%. Migration accounted for 13.6%, while births and deaths accounted for -0.7%.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (222 or 93.3%) as their first language, German is the second most common (11 or 4.6%) and Portuguese is the third (3 or 1.3%). There is 1 person who speaks Italian.[8]

As of 2008, the population was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. The population was made up of 140 Swiss men (45.3% of the population) and 10 (3.2%) non-Swiss men. There were 150 Swiss women (48.5%) and 9 (2.9%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 100 or about 42.0% were born in Surpierre and lived there in 2000. There were 58 or 24.4% who were born in the same canton, while 59 or 24.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 16 or 6.7% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2000, in Surpierre is; 43 children or 14.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 45 teenagers or 15.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 27 people or 9.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 51 people or 16.9% are between 30 and 39, 49 people or 16.3% are between 40 and 49, and 28 people or 9.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 21 people or 7.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 29 people or 9.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 8 people or 2.7% who are between 80 and 89.[9]

As of 2000, there were 100 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 112 married individuals, 16 widows or widowers and 10 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 108 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.8 persons per household.[7] There were 17 households that consist of only one person and 10 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 79 apartments (83.2% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 7 apartments (7.4%) were seasonally occupied and 9 apartments (9.5%) were empty.[10] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.5 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.77%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Château Baillival

The Bailiff's Castle (Château Baillival) is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Surpierre had an unemployment rate of 1%. As of 2008, there were 24 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 21 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 4 businesses in this sector. 7 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 108 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 35.2% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 43. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 19, of which 12 were in agriculture and 7 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 20 of which 1 was in manufacturing and 19 (95.0%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 4. In the tertiary sector; 1 was in the movement and storage of goods, 2 or 50.0% were in education.[13]

In 2000, there were 26 workers who commuted into the municipality and 73 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 2.8 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[14] Of the working population, 2.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 67.2% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 169 or 71.0% were Roman Catholic, while 31 or 13.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 5 individuals (or about 2.10% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 10 individuals (or about 4.20% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There was 1 person who was Buddhist. 19 (or about 7.98% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 8 individuals (or about 3.36% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Surpierre about 72 or (30.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 14 or (5.9%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 14 who completed tertiary schooling, 50.0% were Swiss men, 50.0% were Swiss women.[8]

The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.[15]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were a total of 18 students attending one class in Surpierre. A total of 44 students from the municipality attended any school, either in the municipality or outside of it. There were no kindergarten classes in the municipality, but 10 students attended kindergarten in a neighboring municipality. The municipality had one primary class and 18 students. During the same year, there were no lower secondary classes in the municipality, but 13 students attended lower secondary school in a neighboring municipality. There were no upper Secondary classes or vocational classes, but there were 2 upper Secondary vocational students who attended classes in another municipality. The municipality had no non-university Tertiary classes, but there was one specialized Tertiary student who attended classes in another municipality.[9]

As of 2000, there were 29 students in Surpierre who came from another municipality, while 26 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 September 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Surpierre in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 9 November 2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 9 November 2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ a b c Canton of Fribourg Statistics (German) accessed 3 November 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  14. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  15. ^ Chart of the education system in Canton Fribourg (German)