Surrey Hills AONB

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Surrey Hills
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
CalvertRoadDorking.jpg
Residential roads in Dorking, bordering vineyards on the side of the North Downs
Country England
County Surrey
Location south-east England
Area 422 km2 (163 sq mi)
Highest point
 - location Leith Hill
 - elevation 294 m (965 ft)
Biomes Agricultural land (42.0%),
Woodland (38.9%),
Scrub heathland (3.3%),
Chalk grassland (0.6%)
Geology North Downs, Greensand Ridge
Plant Bracken, Bramble
Animal Adder, Deer, Fox, Jay, Magpie, Whinchat, Woodlark
Website : Surrey Hills AONB
Surrey Hills AONB is located in Surrey
Box Hill
Box Hill
Leith Hill
Leith Hill
BotleyHill
Botley
Hill
Hog's Back
Hog's Back
Gibbet Hill
Gibbet Hill
Holmbury Hill
Holmbury Hill
ColleyHill
Colley
Hill
Newlands Corner
Newlands Corner
Peaks of the Surrey Hills AONB

The Surrey Hills is a 422 km2 (163 sq mi) Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), located in Surrey, England.[1] The AONB was designated in 1958 and covers one quarter of the county of Surrey.[2] The Surrey Hills AONB adjoins the Kent Downs AONB to the east and the Wealden portion of the former Sussex Downs AONB (now South Downs National Park) in the south west.

The highest summit of the Surrey Hills AONB is Leith Hill near Coldharbour, at 294 metres (965 ft) above sea level, or 314 metres (1,030 ft) above when Leith Hill Tower is considered. It is part of the Greensand Ridge, which traverses the AONB from west to east, and is the highest point in south-east England, depending on definition (if Berkshire is considered south-east England then Walbury Hill is higher).

The Surrey Hills area has three long-distance walks running through it. These are the North Downs Way, the Greensand Way and the Pilgrims' Way. Blackheath Common is also part of this area.

The northern ridge of these hills is predominantly formed by chalk separated by the Vale of Holmesdale that continues into Kent from the southern ridges - predominantly greensand. They provide a haven for many rare plants and insects. Parts of the area are owned and managed by the National Trust, including Ranmore Common, Leith Hill and Box Hill.

Chiddingfold Forest is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) which lies within the area.

The Surrey Hills AONB is surrounded by an Area of Great Landscape Value (an area designated by Surrey County Council as being of high visual quality worthy of conservation), which covers a further 8% of the county.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Findlater G (2009). "The State of the Surrey Hills AONB". Surrey Hills AONB. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  2. ^ McKernan P (2007). "The cultural heritage of woodlands in the Surrey Hills AONB". The cultural heritage of woodlands in the South East. Forestry Commission. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Rob Fairbanks (2008). "Area of Great Landscape Value Designation". Surrey Hills AONB. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°12′N 0°30′W / 51.2°N 0.5°W / 51.2; -0.5