Surselva District

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Surselva District
District Surselva
Bezirk Surselva
District
Location of Surselva District
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Graubünden
Capital Ilanz
Area
 • Total 1,373.54 km2 (530.33 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 21,335
 • Density 16/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 34
The view over the Rhine Valley from Obersaxen

Surselva District is an administrative district in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. It has an area of 1,373.39 km2 (530.27 sq mi) and has a population of 21,335 (as of 31 December 2012).[1]

The Surselva encompasses the valley of the Vorderrhein and all its side valleys, from the source near the Oberalppass all the way down towards Reichenau (where the Vorderrhein joins the Hinterrhein to form the Rhine). The district ends before that confluence at the huge forest on the giant debris of Flims Rockslide that is responsible for the name of the region: The debris area lack of water and soil and were ever left as a big forest as it was useless for farming. This forest (romonsch: selva) is the border for "Sur-selva" (meaning "above the forest"). The Surselva is one of the few areas in Switzerland that is mainly Romansh-speaking (another notable valley being the Engadin, the valley of the Inn). There are a few German-speaking communities in the Surselva, two notable ones being Obersaxen and Vals, which were founded in the thirteenth century by the Walser.

Sub division: Kreis[edit]

It consists of five Kreise (sub-districts) and forty-three municipalities:

Disentis sub-district
Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[1]
Area (km²)
Breil/Brigels 1,286 50.84
Disentis/Mustér 2,045 91.08
Medel (Lucmagn) 422 136.20
Sumvitg 1,247 101.83
Trun 1,221 51.9
Tujetsch 1,542 133.92
Ilanz sub-district
Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[1]
Area (km²)
Falera 583 22.35
Ilanz/Glion 4,573 133.47
Laax 1,411 31.68
Mundaun 303 8.59
Sagogn 676 6.95
Schluein 560 4.81
Valendas 288 22.79
Versam 237 16.77
Lumnezia/Lugnez sub-district
Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[1]
Area (km²)
Lumnezia 2,139 165.48
St. Martin 33 22.93
Vals 986 152.58
Ruis sub-district
Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[1]
Area (km²)
Andiast 213 13.63
Obersaxen 825 61.54
Waltensburg/Vuorz 349 32.32
Safien sub-district (Safien valley)
Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[1]
Area (km²)
Safien 282 100.58
Tenna 114 11.28

Mergers and name changes[edit]

  • On 1 January 2012 the municipality of Schlans merged into the municipality of Trun.[2]

Languages[edit]

Romansh is the predominant language in the district, most of which speak the Sursilvan dialect. There is a large German-speaking minority in Surselva, notably the Walser settlements of Obersaxen and Vals. However, the percentage of Romansh-speakers is on the decline. Traditional Romansh-speaking cities such as Ilanz are losing ground to German.

Languages of Surselva District, GR
Languages Census 2000
Number Percent
German 7,335 34.5%
Romansh 12,606 59.4%
Italian 289 1.4%
TOTAL 21,231 100%

A long distance hike is signposted to follow the main Vorderrhein River through the whole of the district[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 21 December 2011
  3. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  4. ^ Hiking Surselva, Switzerland on official tourism board

Coordinates: 46°46′N 9°12′E / 46.767°N 9.200°E / 46.767; 9.200