Sursum Corda (group)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The “Sursum Corda” is a poorly investigated Italian student movement. It seems to have its origins in the Italian youth organisations from the first years of the 20th century such as the “battaglioni studenteschi” founded in 1906 (or so) in Milan.[1] The model were the German Burschenschaften. Organized with irredentist purposes before 1914, they can be considered one of the precursors of fascist organizations in Italy. Their Fiuman member was Nino Host Venturi, According to Host Venturi, he already in 1913 organised a Battaglione studenti volontari “Sursum Corda” in Brescia with students and expats from Austria-Hungary. They trained during weekends in the surrounding hills with the support from Italian regular army officers.[2] In spring 1919 they had already a battalion-strength formation in Trieste.[3] Nino Host Venturi kept the contacts with Gabriele D'Annunzio and organised his arrival in Fiume. Leo Negrelli from Trieste was another affiliate of the “Sursum Corda.”[4]


  1. ^ Catia Papa, Goliardia e militanza patriottica. L'associazionismo studentesco in età liberale, pp. 43-60, Memoria e Ricerca 25 n. s., maggio-agosto 2007
  2. ^ G. Host-Venturi, L'impresa fiumana, Roma, Volpe, 1976, pp. 25-27
  3. ^ Rolf Wörsdörfer'' Krisenherd Adria 1915-1955;. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  4. ^ Nella notte del 12 settembre 50 volontari della "Sursum corda" ben armati con 15 ufficiali al comando del cap. Leo Negrelli passarono la barra di Cantrida, in CHIURCO GIORGIO ALBERTO, Storia della rivoluzione fascista 1919-1922, I vol, Firenze, Vallecchi, 1929.