Surya missile

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Surya ICBM
Type Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (Unconfirmed[1])
Place of origin  India
Service history
In service 2020
Blast yield 3-10 MIRV warheads with yield >200 kt[2]

Propellant First/second stage solid, third liquid (or three stage solid)[1]
16,000–18,000 kilometres (9,900–11,200 mi)
Speed Mach 24 = 8.17 km/s

The Surya missile is an ICBM speculated to be in development by India. The first report about the Surya missile was published by The Nonproliferation Review in 1995, albeit the status remains unconfirmed as of 2012.[1]


According to a report published in The Nonproliferation Review, in the Winter of 1995, Surya (meaning the Sun in Sanskrit and many Indian languages) is the codename for the first Intercontinental Ballistic Missile that India is reported to be developing.[3] The DRDO is believed to have begun the project in 1994. This report has not been confirmed by any other sources until 2010. Officials of the Indian government have repeatedly denied the existence of the project.

According to the report, the Surya is an intercontinental-range, surface-based, solid and liquid propellant ballistic missile. The report further adds that Surya is the most ambitious project in India's Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. The Surya is speculated to have a range between 10,000 to 16,000 kilometers.[4]

As the missile is yet to be developed, the specifications of the missile are not known and the entire program continues to remain highly secretive. It is believed to be a three-stage design, with the first two stages using solid propellants and the third-stage using liquid. In 2007, the Times of India reported that the DRDO is yet to reveal whether India's currently proposed ICBM will be called Agni-V.[5] As of 2009 it was reported that the government had not considered an 10,000-km above range ICBM.[6]

Speculated specifications[edit]

  • Class: ICBM
  • Lasing: Surface based, underwater based (in certain strategic areas) and submarine based is its most important aspect which may range above 10,000 km.
  • Length: 40.00 m.
  • Diameter: 1.1m.
  • Launch Weight: 55,000 kg.
  • Propulsion: First/second stage solid, third liquid.
  • Warhead Capabilities: 3-10 nuclear warheads of 250-750 kilotons each.
  • Status: unconfirmed.
  • In Service: unconfirmed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Surya-1/-2 | Missile ThreatMissile Threat". 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  2. ^ N. Madhuprasad (25 August 2005). "Boost to Indian Armed Forces’ Deterrence Arsenal; India to Develop Intercontinental Ballistic Missile". Bangalore Deccan Herald. 
  3. ^ Surya ICBM. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
  4. ^ "Surya - India Missile Special Weapons Delivery Systems". Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  5. ^ Rajat Pandit, TNN, 15 Apr 2007, 12.23am IST (2007-04-15). "After Agni, India plans 5,000-km missile". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  6. ^ John Pike. "Surya - India Missile Special Weapons Delivery Systems". Retrieved 2010-08-31. 

External links[edit]