The Susa Valley (Italian: Val di Susa, French: Val de Suse, Occitan: Val d'Ors) is a valley in the Piedmont region of northern Italy, located between the Graian Alps in the north and the Cottian Alps in the south. It is the longest valley in Italy. It extends over 50 km (31 mi) in an east-west direction from the French border to the outskirts of Turin. The valley takes its name from the city of Susa which lies in the valley. The Dora Riparia river, a tributary of the Po, flows through the valley.
Among the notable summits which surround the valley there are:
- Pointe de Ronce - 3.612 m
- Rocciamelone - 3.538 m
- Pierre Menue - 3.505 m
- Rognosa d'Etiache - 3.382 m
- Punta Sommeiller - 3.332 m
- Punta Ramiere - 3.303 m
- Mont Chaberton - 3.131 m
- Monte Orsiera - 2.890
- Monte Colombano - 1.658 m
- Monte Musinè - 1.150 m
In Roman age, Augustus made an alliance with the Segusini of Cottii Regnum to link Italy and France passing through the Valley and Col de Montgenevre. The city of Susa, Piedmont, preserve the Arch of Augustus builted on 8 b.C. for the agreement with Celtic population. In Middle Ages, pilgrims passing through Mont Cenis and Susa Valley (direction Rome) along a road called Via Francigena. It was one of the most used Alpine pass in from the Middle Ages to Nineteenth Century. The valley preserve a lot of abbey to accommodate pilgrims, as Novalesa Abbey founded in 726 on the foot of the mountain and the monumental abbey Sacra di San Michele.
Cultural heritage monuments in Susa Valley
- Sacra di San Michele (Saint Michael's Abbey), established in the 11th century on the top of Pirchiriano Mountain, at the valley's entrance from Turin
- Novalesa Abbey, established by patrice Abbo of Provence in 726 on the ancient route to Mont Cenis Pass
- Susa Cathedral, ancient San Giusto Abbey in Susa, established by Olderico Manfredi in 1029
- Susa's Arch of Augustus, established in 8 BC.
- Montebenedetto Charterhouse (Villar Focchiardo), established in 1197
- Castle of Bruzolo, established in 1227
- Casaforte di Chianocco
- Fort of Exilles
Turin–Lyon high-speed railway
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