December 26, 1954|
|Died||August 5, 2006
|Known for||Sled dog racing|
Susan Howlet Butcher (December 26, 1954 – August 5, 2006) was an American dog musher, noteworthy as the second woman to win the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in 1986, the second four-time winner in 1990, and the first to win four out of five sequential years. She is commemorated in Alaska by the Susan Butcher Day.
Life and career
|1978||19th||16d 15h 40m 30s|
|1979||9th||16d 11h 15m 32s|
|1980||5th||15d 10h 17m 6s|
|1981||5th||12d 12h 45m 24s|
|1982||2nd||16d 4h 43m 53s|
|1983||9th||13d 10h 25m 32s|
|1984||2nd||12d 16h 41m 42s|
|1986||1st||11d 15h 6m 0s|
|1987||1st||11d 2h 5m 13s|
|1988||1st||11d 11h 41m 40s|
|1989||2nd||11d 6h 28m 50s|
|1990||1st||11d 1h 53m 23s|
|1991||3rd||12d 21h 59m 3s|
|1992||2nd||11d 5h 36m 3s|
|1993||4th||10d 22h 2m 40s|
|1994||10th||11d 6h 7m 20s|
Susan Butcher was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a lover of dogs and the outdoors. When she was young her parents divorced. Her brother died of leukemia at a young age. She studied at Colorado State University and ultimately became a veterinary technician.
To pursue her love of dogsled racing and breeding huskies, she moved to the Wrangell Mountains area of Alaska. There Butcher began training to compete in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, a grueling 1,112 to 1,131-mile race through arctic blizzard conditions across the Alaska wilderness, which tests the endurance of both mushers and dogs over the course of one to two weeks. She spent two years working for Iditarod founder Joe Redington in exchange for dogs to build up her team. In 1979, she and Redington, along with Ray Genet and two others, made the first dog-sled ascent of Mount McKinley. 
After placing in several Iditarods, Butcher was forced to withdraw early in the 1985 when two of her dogs were killed by a crazed moose, despite Butcher's attempts to ward the animal off, and thirteen others were injured. Libby Riddles, a relative newcomer, braved a blizzard and became the first woman to win the Iditarod that year.
The more experienced Butcher won the next race in 1986, and then proceeded to win again in 1987, 1988, and 1990. She joins fellow four-time winners Martin Buser, Jeff King, Lance Mackey and Doug Swingley, and Rick Swenson who won five.
Butcher married fellow dog racer David Monson on September 2, 1985.
She held the Iditarod speed record from 1986 until 1992, breaking her own records in 1987 and 1990. Her other speed records included the Norton Sound 250, Kobuk 220, Kuskokwim 300, and the John Beargrease Sled Dog Marathon. She retired from competition in 1995
Her accomplishments gained her substantial media attention in the late 1980s and earned her many awards, including the "National Women's Sports Foundation Amateur Athlete of The Year Award" and the "Tanqueray Athlete of the Year." She also won the "U.S. Victor Award" for "Female Athlete of the Year" two years in a row. In 2007 Susan was inducted into the Alaska Sports Hall of Fame as one of the five charter members in the inaugural class.
Illness and legacy
On December 2, 2005 Butcher was diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia, which had manifested as a blood disorder three years earlier. She underwent chemotherapy at the University of Washington, and received a bone marrow transplant on May 17, 2006 after the cancer went into remission. According to her husband David Monson, "someone said this might be a tough disease, but this leukemia hasn't met Susan Butcher yet."
Butcher died on August 5, 2006 after fighting graft-versus-host disease and learning that the cancer had returned. She is survived by her two daughters, Tekla and Chisana, and her husband, attorney and musher David Monson.
On March 1, 2008, Susan Butcher was honored by the State of Alaska when, just prior to the start of the 2008 Iditarod, Gov. Sarah Palin signed a bill establishing the first Saturday of every March as Susan Butcher Day. The day coincides with the traditional start of the Iditarod each year. Observing the special day, the bill noted, provides opportunity for people to “remember the life of Susan Butcher, an inspiration to Alaskans and to millions around the world.”
- Janet Woolum (1998). "Susan Butcher (dog-sled racer)". Outstanding Women Athletes: Who They Are and How They Influenced Sports in America. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 94–96. ISBN 978-1-57356-120-4. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "1978 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1979 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1980 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1981 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1982 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1983 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1984 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1986 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1987 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "1988 Iditarod Race Results". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "Susan Butcher Career Summary". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- Bernstein, Viv Susan Butcher, Pioneer in Sled Dog Racing, New York Times August 17, 2006
- Denali historical timeline, National Park Service
- Talbott, Chris. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, December 9, 2005.  "Musher diagnosed with cancer". Retrieved March 8, 2006 from Fairbanks Daily News-Miner site, now hosted on www.susanbutcher.com
- "Champions and Record Holders — Iditarod". Iditarod Trail Committee, Inc. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Alaska Sports Hall of Fame
- Official website
- Joe Redington Sr. and Susan Butcher with sled and dogs on the summit of Mt. McKinley. Photo from Joe Redington Jr. in UAF Archives
- "The Dogged Pursuit Of Excellence. Susan Butcher is mushing towards record fifth win in the Iditarod race" by Sonja Steptoe Sports Illustrated February 11, 1991
- 1987 Chicago Tribune interview with Susan Butcher
- Susan Butcher Day
- Granite by Susan Butcher and David Monson, Illustrated by Sarah Douglan, University of Alaska Press, 2007; Children's book