|Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Edinburgh East and Musselburgh
6 May 1999 – 3 May 2007
|Preceded by||New Parliament|
|Succeeded by||Kenny MacAskill|
2 February 1964 |
|Political party||Scottish Labour Party|
|Domestic partner||John Boothman|
|Residence||Prestonpans, East Lothian|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
Susan Deacon (born 2 February 1964, Musselburgh) is a leading Scottish public figure who operates across the spheres of corporate business, academia and the not-for-profit sector, and is an adviser on public policy, governance and leadership. She is a former Scottish Cabinet Minister.
She was Labour MSP for Edinburgh East & Musselburgh from 1999–2007 and served as Scotland’s first Cabinet Minister for Health and Community Care following the creation of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. Since standing down from Parliament in 2007, she has built a work portfolio in the private and public sector. She is a non-executive director of ScottishPower Ltd, and an Assistant Principal Corporate Engagement and a Professorial Fellow at the University of Edinburgh.
Early life and Career
Deacon attended Musselburgh Grammar School, where she was head girl and active in inter-schools debating. She studied at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with an MA (Hons) in Social Policy and Politics in 1987 and later an MBA in 1992. She was vice president of Edinburgh University Students' Association, chair of Scottish Labour Students and rose through Labour ranks serving on the Scottish Labour Party's National Executive. She was a founder member of the pro-devolution pressure group, Scottish Labour Action.
Her early career was in local government where she worked for seven years in research and management roles. After a spell in management consultancy and training in the private sector, she became director of MBA programmes at Edinburgh Business School, at Heriot-Watt University.
Deacon was elected to the Scottish Parliament as MSP for Edinburgh East and Musselburgh in May 1999 and, though widely tipped for ministerial office, her appointment by First Minister Donald Dewar as Scotland’s first cabinet Minister for Health and Community Care came as a surprise to many. She had been education spokesperson in Dewar's election campaign team and had been initially rejected as a candidate by Scottish Labour's controversial vetting process, eventually becoming the only person to appeal successfully. Despite this rocky start, Deacon gained respect in the new Parliament and was regarded as one of Labour's most effective performers - and was tipped as a possible future First Minister.
Henry McLeish reappointed Deacon as Health Minister when he took over as First Minister following the death of Donald Dewar in November 2000 and she continued until McLeish’s resignation in November 2001. Deacon was offered a further Cabinet position by incoming First Minister Jack McConnell in November 2001 but, by then pregnant with her second child, decided instead to leave Government and go to the backbenches.
During her time as Health Minister, Deacon led major changes in the governance and leadership of the National Health Service in Scotland and championed reforms in child health, mental health and older people's care. She was responsible for the first Scottish Health Plan.
A critic of the flagship policy of free personal care, she argued against its introduction saying future costs were unknown and may not be sustainable – a view rejected by the Scottish Parliament. She won plaudits for her strong stance against militant anti-abortion campaigners, though was criticised by the Roman Catholic Church for her position on issues such as teenage pregnancy and contraception.
As a backbench MSP, Deacon was regarded as a thoughtful and independent voice, served on several Parliamentary Committees, including Enterprise and Audit. She co-founded and chaired the Cross Party Group on Sexual Health and was involved in work on reproductive health and HIV/Aids both in the UK and abroad. The only Scottish member of the RSA UK Commission on Illegal Drugs, Communities and Public Policy, Deacon was a critic of Government drugs policy. Her opposition to the Iraq War won her support among Labour Party members and the Scottish public, but left relationships strained with parliamentary colleagues. Deacon was re-elected as an MSP in 2003, securing the largest Labour majority in Edinburgh, and had been selected to fight her Edinburgh East and Musselburgh seat again in the 2007 election but in August 2006, she announced her decision to stand down from the Scottish Parliament. Deacon said she had had enough of the ‘raw tribalism of party politics’ and that she wanted to 'move on to seek new challenges and to channel my energies in other ways.' 
Since leaving Parliament, Deacon stepped back from party politics while continuing to be an active player in the wider public policy debate and an occasional political commentator. She has spoken widely on leadership and change, arguing for greater co-operation across political and sectoral boundaries and less-reliance on top-down policies and 'the near paralysis of process and analysis.'
She was Professor of Social Change at Queen Margaret University, and an Honorary Professor in the School of Social and Political Science, at the University of Edinburgh. In September 2012, she was appointed as Assistant Principal Corporate Engagement  and Professorial Fellow at the university. Her work includes advising on the development of the Academy of Government and the Edinburgh Centre on Carbon Innovation.
Deacon has been involved with the global energy group, Iberdrola, since its acquisition of ScottishPower Ltd in 2007, serving first on its UK Advisory Board and then as a non-executive director of ScottishPower Renewables Ltd. She was chairman of ScottishPower Renewables from 2010-2012 and joined the board of ScottishPower Ltd as a non-executive director in 2012. Since 2008, she has been a trustee of Fundacion Iberdrola, the group's global educational and charitable arm.
Deacon has served on a number of other boards and advisory groups, including the Traverse Theatre, Pfizer UK Foundation, Dewar Arts Awards Trust, and the strategic review of the National Trust for Scotland. From 2008-2012, she was founding chairperson of the Hibernian Community Foundation – the charity set up by Hibernian Football Club. She is a member of the Scottish Committee of the Institute of Directors.
In 2010, Deacon was appointed by Michael Russell, MSP, Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning as the Scottish Government's ‘Early Years Champion’. Her report, Joining the Dots, received widespread interest  and is credited with influencing policy and investment in children's early years development.
- Leader column, The Herald (Glasgow), 18 May 1999
- “Holyrood hopeful gets a second chance”, The Scotsman, 10 August 1998.
- “Holyrood Health”, Sunday Herald magazine, 6 February 2000.
- “Deacon: pregnancy forced me to resign,” The Herald, 1 December 2001.
-  Our National Health: a plan for action, a plan for change
- BBC News. 2 December 1999, 'Stalin' jibe over abortions
- “Deacon and Winning at war over sex”, The Scotsman, 4 December 1999.
-  The RSA UK Commission on Illegal Drugs, Communities and Public Policy. Published March 2007.
- “Deacon defends rebellion on Iraq”, The Herald, 20 February 2003. Members debate in Scottish Parliament, 13 March 2003.
- “Deacon Blue”, Interview with Gillian Bowditch, Sunday Times Ecosse, 20 August 2006.
-  Can Creativity and Common Sense Prevail? Susan Deacon, professorial lecture, Queen Margaret University, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 4 November 2008.
-  University role for former Scottish Government Cabinet Minister and MSP
-  Deacon to chair ScottishPower Renewables
-  Susan Deacon Appointed to ScottishPower Board Of Directors
-  Scottish Trustee on Fundacion Iberdrola
-  The Scottish Government's Early Years Action, 27 June 2010
- > Joining The Dots: A Better Start for Scotland's Children ISBN 978-1-78045-050-6
-  Response from Children in Scotland
-  Boothman appointed Head of BBC Scotland News and Current Affairs
-  Deacon Decides To Quit Holyrood in Blow For Labour
|Member of the Scottish Parliament for Edinburgh East and Musselburgh
|Minister for Health and Community Care