|Born||July 17, 1963|
|Occupation||Author, journalist, activist|
|Parents||John Howard Lindauer
Jackie Lindauer (1932–1992)
Susan Lindauer (born July 17, 1963) is an American journalist and antiwar activist. She was charged with "acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign government" during the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. She was incarcerated in 2005 and released the next year after two judges ruled her mentally unfit to stand trial. A court also denied prosecuters their request to have Lindauer forcibly medicated to render her competent for trial. The government dropped the prosecution in 2009.
Lindauer is the daughter of John Howard Lindauer II, a newspaper publisher and former Republican nominee for Governor of Alaska. Her mother was Jackie Lindauer (1932–1992) who died of cancer. In 1995 her father married Dorothy Oremus, a Chicago attorney and heiress to a concrete company fortune.
Lindauer attended East Anchorage High School in Anchorage, Alaska, where she was an honor student and was in school plays. She graduated from Smith College in 1985. She earned a masters degree in public policy from the London School of Economics. She worked as a temporary reporter at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer in 1987, and as an editorial writer at the The Everett Herald in Everett, Washington until 1989. She then was a reporter and researcher at U.S. News & World Report in 1990 and 1991.
She then worked for Representative Peter DeFazio (D-OR, 1993) and then Representative Ron Wyden (D-OR, 1994) before joining the office of Senator Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL), where she worked as a press secretary and speech writer. She served as Press Secretary for Representative Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) from March 11, 2002 to May 14, 2002.
Interest in the Middle East
In November 1993 a friend of her father introduced her to former Vietnam combat pilot Paul Hoven, at a restaurant next to the Heritage Foundation in Virginia. She began socialising in an informal circle of conservatives interested in counterterrorism, including Capitol Hill staff and intelligence community members. These included Dr. Richard Fuisz and senior Congressional staffer Kelly O'Meara.
At the time of Lindauer's first meeting with Fuisz, theories of the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 were divided between blaming the Libyan government under Moammar Gaddafi and the Syrian Ahmed Jabril. Lindauer said that Fuisz had shared with her a theory that did not hold Libya to blame. Lindauer and Fuisz said they met an average of once per week from 1994 to 2001, and Lindauer has described Fuisz as "my contact with the C.I.A.". In 2000, the Sunday Herald in Scotland reported that Fuisz had been an operative for the CIA in Damascus during the 1980s; Fuisz did not confirm or deny this, saying he was not permitted to speak about it.
Fuisz came to have a falling out with Lindauer after the September 11th attacks in 2001, no longer welcoming her to his office. He said that before the attacks she was "Arabist, but Arabist from the standpoint of trying to lift sanctions, so that children would do better, and trying to get medicines into countries -- principally I'm talking about Iraq and Libya." But afterward, he said "Susan, in her discussions, went from benign, in my opinion, to malignant... These discussions changed and now involved a very strong seditious bent." In a 2008 hearing, one of Lindauer's associates testified that she had predicted an imminent attack on Manhattan with airplanes in 2001. Lindauer described her falling out with Fuisz in a 2009 interview, saying that it had been in regard to the approach taken in reacting to the possibility of an imminent attack.
Lindauer said she began making visits to the Libyan mission at the United Nations (UN) in 1995 and with Iraqis at the UN in 1996. In 2000 she told Middle East Intelligence Bulletin that she had been subject to surveillance, threats, and was attacked after meeting Libyan officials in 1995 to discuss what she had learned about the Flight 103 bombing.
On November 26, 2000, then President-elect George W. Bush appointed Lindauer's second cousin, Andrew Card, as White House Chief of Staff upon his inauguration. Card had previously served as Deputy Chief of Staff and Secretary of Transportation for George H. W. Bush, and had been selected by George W. Bush to run the 2000 Republican National Convention. Starting in 2000, Lindauer delivered multiple letters to Card, leaving them on the doorstep of his home in Northern Virginia. In her letters, she urged Card to intercede with President George W. Bush to not invade Iraq, and offered to act as a back channel in negotiations. Over approximately two years, Lindauer wrote Card a total of eleven letters, the last on January 6, 2003, two months before the invasion of Iraq. Card later told the FBI that Lindauer had tried to contact him several times, but according to a statement by White House spokesman Scott McClellan, Card did not recall seeing or talking to Lindauer after the January 2001 inauguration.
Arrest, incarceration and release
Lindauer claims she was conducting peace negotiations with representatives of several Muslim countries (including Iraq, Libya, Malaysia, and Yemen) in New York. According to transcripts Lindauer presented to the New York Times in 2004, these included meetings with Iraqi Muthanna al-Hanooti, a peace activist later accused of spying. Lindauer also says that the U.S. intelligence community was aware of these meetings and was monitoring her.
On March 11, 2004, Lindauer was arrested in Takoma Park, Maryland by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). She was taken to the FBI office in Baltimore. Outside of this office, she told WBAL-TV: "I'm an antiwar activist and I'm innocent. I did more to stop terrorism in this country than anybody else. I have done good things for this country. I worked to get weapons inspectors back to Iraq when everybody else said it was impossible."
Lindauer later said she was charged under the PATRIOT Act.
Lindauer was charged with "acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign government". The indictment alleged that she accepted US$10,000 from the Iraqi Intelligence Service in 2002. Lindauer denied receiving the money, but confirmed taking a trip to Baghdad. Lindauer was also accused of meeting with an FBI agent posing as a Libyan, with whom she spoke about the "need for plans and foreign resources to support resistance groups operating in Iraq." Lindauer says she came to this meeting because of her interest in filing a war crimes suit against the U.S. and U.K. governments.
Congresswoman Lofgren released a statement saying she was "shocked" by the arrest, that she had no evidence of illicit activities by Lindauer, and that she would cooperate with the investigation. Robert Precht, Dean of the University of Michigan Law School, said the charges were "weak" and that Lindauer was more likely to be a "misguided peacenik".
In 2005 she was incarcerated at Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, Texas, for psychological evaluation. She was then moved to the Metropolitan Correctional Center in Manhattan. In 2006, she was released on bail prison after judge Michael B. Mukasey ruled that Lindauer was unfit to stand trial and would not order her to be forcibly administered antipsychotic medication to make her competent to stand trial. He noted that the severity of Lindauer's mental illness, which he described as a "lengthy delusional history", weakened the prosecution's case. In his decision he wrote, "Lindauer ... could not act successfully as an agent of the Iraqi government without in some way influencing normal people .... There is no indication that Lindauer ever came close to influencing anyone, or could have. The indictment charges only what it describes as an unsuccessful attempt to influence an unnamed government official, and the record shows that even lay people recognize that she is seriously disturbed."
During her incarceration she refused antipsychotic medication which the United States Department of Justice claimed would render her competent to stand trial. The presiding judge would not allow her to be forcibly medicated, as requested by the prosecution.
At a hearing in June 2008, Lindauer told reporters that she had been a CIA asset. and said she had "been hung out to dry and scapegoated". In 2008, Justice Loretta A. Preska of the Federal District Court in New York City reaffirmed that Lindauer was mentally unfit to stand trial—despite Lindauer's insistence to the contrary. Preska ruled that Lindauer's belief in her connection to the intelligence community was evidence of her insanity.
Book and subsequent claims
Lindauer has written a self-published book about her experience, Extreme Prejudice: The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover-Ups of 9/11 and Iraq. Lindauer wrote that for a number of years she had worked for the CIA and DIA undertaking communications with the Iraqi government, serving as a back-channel in negotiations.
- "Case Dropped Against Md. Woman". Washington Post. January 17, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- "Ex-journalist in spy case unfit for trial". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. September 16, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- Ruskin, Liz (March 13, 2004). "Suspect is remembered as worldly". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- David Samuels (August 29, 2004). "Susan Lindauer's Mission To Baghdad". New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2008.
- Dao, James (March 12, 2004). "An Antiwar Activist Known for Being Committed Yet Erratic". New York Times. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
- "Neighbor Seemed Activist, Not Agent". Washington Post. March 12, 2004. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- Amy Keller, "Hill Aide Subpoenaed in Spy Case", Roll Call, March 29, 2004; accessed via ProQuest.
- "Statement of Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren on Ms. Susan Lindauer". 2004-03-11. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- Michael Collins (2008-06-19). "911 Prediction Revealed at Lindauer Hearing in NYC". Scoop.
- "Lockerbie: CIA witness gagged by US government". Sunday Herald. 2000-05-28.
- Michael Collins (2009-03-03). "Susan Lindauer Reveals Facts about 9/11 Warning". Scoop.
- "Lockerbie Trial Document: Susan Lindauer Deposition". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 1998-12-04.
- "Ex-Senate aide charged with giving Iraq secrets". NBC News.
- Associated Press (2004-03-17). "Accused Iraqi Agent: I've Done Nothing Wrong". Fox News.
- "Bush Plays Convention Card". CBS News. 2000-05-03.
- Michael Collins (2007-10-17). "American Cassandra - Susan Lindauer’s Story". Scoop.
- Susan Lindauer's letters to Andrew Card include those from 2000-12-02, 2001-03-01, 2001-07-03, and 2001-09-24 and Susan Lindauer’s last letter to Andrew Card (2003-01-06)
- Rick Anderson (February 15, 2006). "From 'Spy' to Psychotic: The latest on the very strange story of former Seattle journalist Susan Lindauer". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar (March 12, 2004). "Ex-Aide Accused of Being an Agent for Iraq: Federal indictment alleges the woman spied for Baghdad on Iraqis living in the U.S. during the run-up to the war. She claims innocence". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- "Susan Lindauer Interviewed by Michael Collins", Scoop, March 10, 2009.
- United States Attorney, Southern District of New York (2004-03-11). "U.S. charges Susan Lindauer, American citizen, with working in New York and abroad as an agent of Iraqi intelligence and related terrorism offenses". United States Department of Justice.
- Melissa Block and Allison Aubrey, "Analysis: Federal prosecutors charge a Maryland woman with spying for Iraq", All Things Considered, National Public Radio, March 11, 2004; accessed via ProQuest.
- "Suspect in Iraq Spy Case Released. Lindauer, a Takoma Park Antiwar Activist, to Be Arraigned Monday.". Washington Post. March 13, 2004. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- Hartocollis, Anemona (September 9, 2006). "Ex-Congress Aide Accused in Spy Case Is Free on Bail". New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- Overriding Mental Health Treatment Refusals: How Much Process is Due; Brakel, Samuel Jan; Davis, John M. 52 St. Louis U. L.J. 501 (2007–2008).
- Unreasonable: Involuntary Medications, Incompetent Criminal Defendants, and the Fourth Amendment; Klein, Dora W. 46 San Diego L. Rev. 161 (2009)
- "The Law Of Mental Illness". Harvard Law Review. 2008. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- Alan Feuer (June 18, 2008). "Antiwar Activist Returns To Court for Iraq Spy Case". New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2013. "'I was an asset – I was supervised by people with ties to intelligence,' Ms. Lindauer told a group of reporters in a hallway after the hearing ended. 'I had a long-term relationship with these people, and I am horrified I have been hung out to dry and scapegoated.'"
- Weiser, Benjamin (September 16, 2008). "Woman Accused of Iraq Ties Is Ruled Unfit for Trial Again". New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- Michael Collins, "American Kafka: Susan Lindauer Demands 'The Trial'", Scoop, October 4, 2008.
- Neumeister, Larry (January 16, 2009). "Case dropped against aide accused of helping Iraq". Associated Press. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Lindauer, Susan. "Extreme Prejudice". Retrieved December 1, 2010.