Susan Philipsz

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The loudspeakers on the west breakwater at the entrance to Ystad harbor, for Susan Philipsz's sound installation "The Distant Sound"
Susan Philipsz - The Distant Sound. Ystad 25 May 2014.

Susan Philipsz OBE (born 1965) is a Scottish artist who won the 2010 Turner Prize.[1] Originally a sculptor, she is best known for her sound installations. She records herself singing a cappella versions of songs which are replayed over a public address system in the gallery or other installation. She currently lives and works in Berlin.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Philipsz was born in Maryhill, Glasgow into a family of six children.[3] Philipsz's father is half-Burmese and grew up in Burma as a child.[4] His family's life was "pulled apart by the war," and he came to the UK in his twenties.[5] In her youth, Philipsz sang in a local Catholic church choir with her sisters where she learned to harmonize.[3]

From 1989-1993 she studied sculpture at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art in Dundee, Scotland.[6] She then attained a Masters in Fine Arts at the University of Ulster in Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1993-4.[7] From 2000-2001 she was a Studio Artist Resident at MoMA PS1.[8] She was the Director of Catalyst Arts in Belfast for several years.

Philipsz is married to the photographer Eoghan McTigue.[3]

Work[edit]

Philipsz predominantly creates sound installations using recordings of her own voice that are played in specific geographical sites to "heighten the visitor's engagement with their surroundings while inspiring thoughtful introspection." [6] Though Philipsz sings in many of her works, it is a key element of her work that she has an untrained, average voice.[3] Indeed, Philipsz cannot read or write sheet music.[3] She said: "Everyone can identify with a human voice. I think hearing an unaccompanied voice, especially an untrained one, even if it's singing a song you don't know, can trigger some really powerful memories and associations. If I'd gone to music school and had proper training, I would not be doing what I do today."[3]

Her 1998 work "Filter", consisting of versions of songs by Nirvana, Marianne Faithfull, Radiohead and The Velvet Underground, has been played at a bus station and at a Tesco supermarket.[9][10]

Her 1999 work "The Internationale" consists of a solo a cappella version of the revolutionary song.[11] She sings the Irish ballad "The Lass of Aughrim" in her 2000 work "The Dead".[12][13] In her 2003 work, "Sunset Song", she sings the male and female parts of the 19th-century American folk ballad Banks of the Ohio, with the volume level changing according to light levels.[13][14][15] She used a vibraphone for her 2009 piece, "You are not alone", commissioned for the Radcliffe Observatory in Oxford.[16]

In 2010, she was commissioned by the Glasgow International Festival. Her piece, "Lowlands", was three versions of what she called[17] a 16th-century Scottish lament, Lowlands Away.[9][18] It was played under three bridges over the River Clyde in Glasgow - George V Bridge, the Caledonian Railway Bridge, and Glasgow Bridge.[7] "Lowlands", was subsequently exhibited at Tate Britain, winning her the 2010 Turner Prize.[19]

Developed for documenta, Study for Strings (2012) riffs on an orchestral piece composed in 1943 at the Theresienstadt concentration camp for musicians there. For her recording, Philipsz redacted the parts for all the instruments except one cello and one viola, leaving plangent silences between those two players’ scattered notes.[20]

Exhibitions[edit]

Philipsz has exhibited at the Melbourne International Biennial 1999, Manifesta 3 in Ljubljana in 2000, the Tirana Biennial in 2001, at Triennal of British Art at Tate Britain in 2003, the 16th Biennale of Sydney in 2008, and at the 55th Carnegie International in 2009. She gave a solo exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in 2008.[21] She was commissioned to create a work for the rotunda at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York in 2010.[22][23]

In 2011, Philipsz was commissioned by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago to create a sound installation.[24] This piece titled We Shall Be All draws from Chicago’s labor history, specifically the 1886 Haymarket Affair and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), also known as the Wobblies.[25] Also part of her 2011 exhibition at the MCA was a presentation of her work The Internationlale in the building’s atrium. In addition to her MCA exhibition, she presented her 2002 work Pledge at the Jane Addams Hull House Museum located on the University of Illinois at Chicago campus.[26]

In 2013 Philipsz was included in Soundings: A Contemporary Score, the first-ever major exhibition of sound art at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.[27]

Philipsz is represented by Tanya Bonakdar Gallery in New York, Ellen de Bruijne Projects in Amsterdam and Isabella Bortolozzi Galerie, Berlin.

Recognition[edit]

In 2003 Philipsz was nominated for the Beck's Futures award.[28]

In 2010 the artist won the prestigious Turner Prize for a sound installation that features her singing three versions of a Scottish lament.[29] She received the £25,000 prize at a ceremony at Tate Britain that was disrupted by protests over the British Government's educational cuts.[29] She was also shortlisted for a Glenfiddich Spirit of Scotland Award that same year.[6]

She was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2014 New Year Honours for services to British art.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Turner Prize: Susan Philipsz wins with Lowlands Away". BBC. 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  2. ^ Searle, Adrian. "Sound artist Susan Philipsz puts the FBI under surveillance" The Guardian, Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Corner, Lena. "The art of noise: 'sculptor of sound' Susan Philipsz" Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  4. ^ Pennington, Clare. "It Means Nothing to Me: Turner-Prize-Winner Susan Philipsz's First Collaboration With her Father is exhiited in China" The Huffington Post, Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  5. ^ Moira Jeffrey, "Scottish Turner nominee Susan Philipsz finds the sound of silence the ideal canvas for her creations," Living Scotsman, September 28. 2010, accessed, December 7, 2010
  6. ^ a b c "Susan Philipsz: Biography" Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  7. ^ a b Higgins, Charlotte (2010-04-04). "Susan Philipsz: Lament for a drowned love". The Guardian. Guardian. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  8. ^ [1] Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b Adams, Stephen (2010-05-04). "Supermarket singer on Turner Prize shortlist". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  10. ^ "Turner Prize shortlist announced". BBC News. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  11. ^ "Susan Philipsz". Biennale of Sydney 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  12. ^ Griffin, Jonathan (June–August 2008). "Susan Philipsz" (116). Frieze Magazine. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  13. ^ a b "Susan Philipsz : The Shortest Shadow". Wexner Center for the Arts. 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  14. ^ "55th Carnegie International : Susan Philipsz". Carnegie Museum of Art. 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  15. ^ "Sunset Song, 2003, a sound installation by Susan Phillipsz". Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. 2007. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ Sherwin, Skye (2009-10-30). "Exhibitionist: The best art shows to see this week : You Are Not Alone, Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  17. ^ The song was actually a sailors' shanty, earliest dated to the 1860s, as in: Dallas, E. S., ed. 1868. "On Shanties." Once a Week vol. 31 (1 Aug. 1868).
  18. ^ "Bridge song artist Susan Philipsz on Turner prize list". BBC News. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  19. ^ Cain, Matthew (2010-12-06). "Turner Prize: Susan Philipsz wins prestigious art award". Channel4 News. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  20. ^ Blake Gopnik (August 1, 2013), Did You Hear That? It Was Art New York Times.
  21. ^ Institute of Contemporary Arts, Out of Bounds: Susan Philipsz, September 2008
  22. ^ "Susan Philipsz". Glasgow International Festival of Visual Art 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  23. ^ "Guggenheim exhibition of contemporary photographic imagery explores themes of memory, trauma, and return to the past" (Press release). Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  24. ^ "Susan Philipsz: We Shall Be All". Press Release. Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  25. ^ Viera, Lauren (2011-02-24). "Sounding off on standing up". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  26. ^ "Pledge". Jane Addams Hull House Museum. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  27. ^ "Soundings: A Contemporary Score" Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  28. ^ "Carpet artist up for Beck's prize". BBC News. 2003-12-16. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  29. ^ a b "Supermarket singer on Turner Prize shortlist". BBC. 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  30. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 60728. p. 25. 31 December 2013.

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