Susan Stern

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Susan Ellen Stern
Susan Stern.jpg
Born January 31, 1943
Brooklyn, New York
Died July 31, 1976(1976-07-31) (aged 33)
Known for Former member of Students for a Democratic Society, Weather Underground Organization and Seattle Liberation Front

Susan Ellen (Tanenbaum) Stern (January 31, 1943 – July 31, 1976) was an American political activist.[1] She was a member of the prominent anti-Vietnam War groups Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), Weatherman and the Seattle Liberation Front (SLF).

Stern was tried in 1970 on charges of conspiring to damage a federal courthouse as one of the Seattle Seven. The trial ended in a mistrial due to the defendants' disruptive courtroom behavior.[2] Stern and her co-defendants; Roger Lippman, Joe Kelly, Jeff Dowd, Michael Lerner, Chip Marshall, and Mike Abeles were summarily convicted of contempt of court and sentenced to six months in prison,[2] of which Stern served three.[3]

She wrote a memoir entitled With the Weathermen: The Personal Journey of a Revolutionary Woman[4] about her experiences. With the Weathermen was reprinted in September 2007 by Rutgers University Press with an introduction by Laura Browder as part of the series Subterranean Lives.

Stern died of heart and lung failure on July 31, 1976, at University Hospital in Seattle, at the age of 33.[3][5][6]

Early years[edit]

Susan Stern was born Susan Ellen Tanenbaum, on January 31, 1943, to David and Bernice (Bunny) Tanenbaum in Brooklyn, New York. Stern was the elder of two children, her younger brother is named Roger. Her parents divorced and after a custody dispute, her father was awarded custody of both children.[7] Stern and her brother subsequently moved to New Jersey with their father when she was nine. Stern’s father, a wealthy Jewish businessman, had high expectations of his children, which was difficult for Susan Stern.,[1][7]

College and married life[edit]

Upon graduating from high school, Stern entered Syracuse University in New York in the early 1960s. In November 1964 she met Robert "Robby" Stern, her future husband. They married in July 1965. Stern finished her undergraduate work as a Liberal Arts Major and immediately began her Master's study in Urban Education. She taught the sixth grade in a ghetto school in New York. [needs citation] Five months into her studies, Stern was expelled for preaching "communist and subversive doctrines."[8] In 1966 Susan and Robert Stern drove across country, relocated to Seattle, and enrolled in advanced studies at the University of Washington. Robert Stern entered the University of Washington School of Law and Susan Stern entered the School of Social Work.[1][9] By 1968, after nearly three years, the Sterns' marriage began to decline. Throughout the rest of the term she finished her graduate studies in social work. In June 1968, Stern separated from her husband and moved to California.[10]

Students for a Democratic Society[edit]

Stern's political activism began around the time that she and her husband moved to Seattle in 1966 when both began to attend classes at the Free University. Following Stern's introduction to political activism, she became involved in the anti-war movement through peaceful protest. In August 1967 both Sterns went to Chicago to attend the New Politics Convention, which she said:"consisted of endless debates between the black militant caucus which controlled the majority of the votes, and the white liberals who were horrified by the black militants. The important thing about the New Politics Convention for Robby and me was that we came in contact with other white radical organizers, among them, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)."[11] Upon returning to Seattle in the fall of 1967, Stern joined the Seattle chapter of SDS. Throughout the 1967 academic year both Sterns attended meetings.

Weatherman[edit]

Stern attended the SDS National Convention in Chicago in June 1969, where the organization's members split into various factions. At the convention there was great discussion of the Weatherman paper and arguments amongst the various chapters of SDS and other activists such as the Black Panther Party erupted throughout the meeting.[12] When Weatherman split off from the SDS, Stern joined Weatherman. After the convention Stern went back to Seattle and began to prepare for Days of Rage which would take place in Chicago, on October 8–11, 1969. Stern worked to recruit individuals to join Weatherman for Days of Rage riots.[9] Stern joined the Seattle Weatherman collective, where her extensive use of drugs, provocative style of dress and habit of supporting the collective by topless dancing earned her enemies among the group's more solemn female leadership.[13] She was expelled after five months because the leadership distrusted her inability to function anonymously within a group and her unwillingness to give in to the group's regular tyrannizing "criticism–self criticism" sessions.[13]

According to Maurice Isserman's review of Stern's 1975 memoir,

Stern... makes it painfully clear that her own self-loathing and self-destructive bent had much to do with her joining Weatherman (she made one suicide attempt as a child, another in her Seattle days and eventually succumbed in 1976 to a combination of drugs and alcohol that may have constituted a final successful attempt). Stern, who privately thought of herself as "Susan Stern Sham" while projecting a miniskirted and leather-jacketed image of tough sexy femininity, confessed in her memoir to being "obsessed with death and dying.... I fantasized about shootouts with a dozen pigs, killing some of them, and finally getting killed myself.... I had to die with meaning."[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Susan Stern Papers.
  2. ^ a b Anarchy in Tacoma Time magazine, December 28, 1970
  3. ^ a b Susan Stern, a Radical Activist And Writer, Dies at 33 on Coast The New York Times, August 2, 1976
  4. ^ Doubleday, 1975
  5. ^ Stern death: Alcohol, drugs cited in report UPI, August 3, 1976
  6. ^ Susan Stern Papers:Death Certificate, box 3
  7. ^ a b David T. Courtwright, No Right Turn: Conservative Politics in a Liberal America, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2010, p. 103
  8. ^ The Susan stern Papers
  9. ^ a b With the Weathermen.
  10. ^ The Susan Stern Papers
  11. ^ With the Weathermen p.19.
  12. ^ With the Weathermen p.66
  13. ^ a b The movers, the moved and the Movement: With the Weathermen (review) The New York Times, June 15, 1975
  14. ^ http://www.thenation.com/doc/20080211/isserman/3

References[edit]

  • Susan Stern papers. Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, Washington
  • Varon, Jeremy, Bringing the War Home, University of California Press, 2004.
  • With the Weathermen: The Personal Journal of a Revolutionary Woman by Susan Stern

Further reading[edit]

  • Barber, David. A Hard Rain Fell: SDS and Why it Failed. University Press of Mississippi, 2008. (See pgs. 172-212 re: Stern)
  • Eager, Paige Whaley. From Freedom Fighters to Terrorists. England: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2008 (See pgs. 51-53 re: Stern).