Susana Trimarco

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Susana Trimarco
Flia veron mujeres.jpg
Susana Trimarco (left) and María de los Ángeles Verón (right).
Born Sara Susana Trimarco
1954
Argentine, Tucumán
Nationality Argentinian
Spouse(s) Daniel Verón (1975-2010)
Children María de los Ángeles
Awards Women of Courage in 2007
Premio Cristo Rey in 2008
Premio Sarmiento in 2011
Website
Fundación María de los Ángeles

Susana Trimarco is the mother of Marita Veron, who disappeared on April 3, 2002, from Tucuman’s capital city of San Miguel de Tucumán in northwest Argentina, and is believed to have been kidnapped by a powerful human trafficking network. According to eye-witnesses, Marita Veron was forced into a car, and was later seen in La Rioja, Tucumán and Córdoba. Trimarco has spent years searching for her daughter, who is still missing. [1]

In December 2012, seven men and six women were charged with Marita's kidnapping, but acquitted in a Tucuman criminal court. A week later, Trimarco met with Argentina's president, and impeachment proceedings were started against the 3 judges who had delivered the verdict. [2][3] In December of 2013, ten of the original 13 defendants were convicted of the kidnapping and sexual exploitation of Marita Verón. [4]

Legacy[edit]

Trimarco has received several international awards, and was nominated for the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. She is the founder of the María de los Angeles Foundation, which rescues victims of trafficking and provides them with legal, psychological, and social assistance.

Trimarco’s high profile campaign has exposed the sex-trafficking industry and brought the issues of corruption of high officials and the impunity of the human trafficking networks into the public eye. As a result of the her efforts, in 2007, Argentina passed a law that makes the abduction and sexual exploitation of persons a federal offense. The law also established a Rescue Office to provide legal assistance to victims. Between 2007 and 2012, some 2,774 victims had been rescued, with a 181% increase in the last year alone. In 2011, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner enacted "Rubro 59", which bans the advertisement of sexual services in newspapers and magazines. And for the first time, the Ministry of Security was able to uncover police forces that were implicated in trafficking rings. [5]

Life[edit]

Susana Trimarco's daughter Marita (born María de los Ángeles) was kidnapped in Tucumán on April 3, 2002. Marita was the mother of a two-year-old girl and had gone to a doctor appointment when, according to a witness, she was pulled into a red car. It is believed that she was forced into prostitution.

After that, Susana began to visit brothels dressed as a prostitute trying to find her daughter Marita. She received threats and was given false clues in order to mislead her search. Her investigations lead to the release of other women supposedly deprived of their liberty.

In 2007, she founded the Fundación María de los Ángeles (Foundation of María of the Ángels) in order to rescue kidnapped girls in Argentina. It has achieved the release of hundreds.

In 2008, she was awarded the prize "Cristo Rey" by the Argentinian Catholic Action, for their efforts and sedulous work in the fight against human trafficking and prostitution.

Also in 2008, Mrs. Trimarco's efforts led to Argentine legislation that prohibited human trafficking, and led to 3,000 people being rescued from human traffickers in Argentina.[1]

In February and March 2012, Susana Trimarco testified at the trial of 13 people, including police officers, who were accused of kidnapping Marita Veron and selling her to human traffickers. All the defendants were acquitted on December 12, 2012.[2]

Awards[edit]

On March 8, 2007, the U.S. Department of State honored Susana Trimarco with the International Women of Courage Award. On conferring the award, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice stated:

Ms. Susana Trimarco de Veron has faced danger and threats in her efforts to combat human trafficking and to find her daughter, who was kidnapped by traffickers. Desperate to find her missing daughter, Ms. Trimarco put herself in dangerous situations, disguised as a prostitute, trolling bars and alleys in search of anyone who might know her daughter's whereabouts. Despite false leads and death threats, she has uncovered evidence of trafficking networks operating in the Argentine provinces of La Rioja, Tucuman, Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and Santa Cruz. Thanks to Ms. Trimarco's work, human trafficking is now gaining public and government attention in Argentina, and victims are being encouraged to report the crime.[3]

The Argentinian national senate also honored Susana Trimarco with the Premio Domingo Faustino Sarmiento for her work in promotion of human rights.[4]

On March 14, 2012, the Canadian government honored Ms. Trimarco with the John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Award.[5][6]

Legislation[edit]

In 2008 an anti-trafficking law was passed, and a Rescue Office was established in the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights to oversee the prevention and investigation of human trafficking crimes and provide legal assistance to victims.[7]

In July 2011, the Argentinian government banned advertising of prostitution in newspapers and other mass media.[7][8][9][10]

Media[edit]

The Telefé series Vidas Robadas ("Stolen Lives") was inspired by this case.[11]

Susana Trimarco was also the subject of a 2009 documentary, Fragmentos de una Búsqueda (Fragments of a Search), directed by Pablo Milstein and Norberto Ludín.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links (in English)[edit]

External links (Spanish language)[edit]

Proposed Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize[edit]

  • "Proponen a Trimarco para el Nobel de la Paz", Perfil, 26 abril, 2012 [Translation: The Argentina Federation of Bar Associations (FACA) approved supporting the nomination of Susana Trimarco, Marita Veron's mother for the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. At its first board meeting of 2012, the FACA-entity that has eighty bar association affiliates across the country, decided to propose as a candidate for this award, Marita's mother, who has became a standard-bearer in the fight against trafficking in persons and sexual exploitation.]

Some links for the ten-year anniversary of the April 3, 2002 kidnapping[edit]

[Translation: Marita Veron, at 10 years after her kidnapping and disappearance, April 3, 2012]
[Translation: 10 years without Marita Veron: sympathy march on Congress against trafficking", April 3, 2012. Photos of the march in Tucuman in front of the ministry of justice.]
[Translation: The full report on the case of Marita Veron"' Friday, February 3, 2012; blog by journalist Ricardo Canaletti, has video of various interviews in Spanish language, including Susana Trimarco.]
[Translation: Haven't we made it so that never again?, Lucía Sabaté blog, February 13, cartoon]

Some links for the March 2012 trial[edit]

Other links[edit]