Susannite

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Susannite
Lanarkite, Susannite, Macphersonite-359326.jpg
Susanite with macphersonite and lanarkite from the Susanna Mine, Leadhills
General
Category Carbonate minerals
Formula
(repeating unit)
Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2
Strunz classification 05.BF.40
Crystal symmetry Trigonal rhombohedral
H-M symbol: (3)
Space group: R3
Unit cell a = 9.07 Å, c = 11.57 Å; Z=3
Identification
Color Colorless, white, pale green, pale yellow, brown
Crystal habit Occurs as equant to acute rhombohedral crystals
Crystal system Trigonal
Cleavage {0001} perfect
Mohs scale hardness 2.5 - 3
Luster Adamantine, resinous
Diaphaneity Translucent
Specific gravity 6.55
Optical properties Uniaxial (anomalously biaxial)
Refractive index 1.96
References [1][2][3]

Susannite is a lead sulfate carbonate hydroxide mineral. It has the formula Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2. Susannite is the higher temperature phase of the two and forms above 80 °C when fluids oxidize the lead ore deposits. It is trimorphous with leadhillite and macphersonite.[3]

Susannite crystallizes in the trigonal system. It is quite soft with a Mohs hardness of 2.5 to 3.0 and a relatively high specific gravity of 6.57.

An old beam engine to dewater a lead mine at Leadhills

It was discovered in 1827 in the Susannah Mine, Leadhills in the county of Lanark, Scotland.[2] In addition to the type locality in Scotland, it has also been reported from various locations in Germany, the Tiger Mine in Pinal County, Arizona, from Iporanga, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the Tsumeb mine of Namibia.[3]

See also[edit]

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