Sushilkumar Shinde

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sushilkumar Shinde
सुशीलकुमार शिंदे
Sushilkumar Shinde.JPG
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
31 July 2012 – 26 May 2014
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by P. Chidambaram
Succeeded by Rajnath Singh
Minister of Power
In office
29 January 2006 – 31 July 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu
Succeeded by Veerappa Moily
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
4 November 2004 – 29 January 2006
Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Preceded by Surjit Singh Barnala
Succeeded by Rameshwar Thakur
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
18 January 2003 – 4 November 2004
Governor Mohammed Fazal
Preceded by Vilasrao Deshmukh
Succeeded by Vilasrao Deshmukh
Personal details
Born (1941-09-04) 4 September 1941 (age 73)
Solapur, India
Political party Indian National Congress
Other political
affiliations
United Front (1996–2004)
United Progressive Alliance (2004–present)
Alma mater Dayanand College, Solapur
Shivaji University
University of Mumbai

Sushilkumar Sambhajirao Shinde (born 4 September 1941; Solapur, Maharashtra India) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra. He was the Minister of Home Affairs in the Manmohan Singh government, and the Leader of the house in Lok Sabha[1][2] until 26 May 2014. He previously served as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra during 18 January 2003 to October 2004.

Early life and education[edit]

Shinde was born on 4 September 1941 at Solapur, Maharashtra in a Marathi Dalit family.[3] Shinde completed his education with an honours degree in Arts from Dayanand College, Solapur; and later in law from Shivaji University.[4]

Career[edit]

Shinde started his career as a bailiff in Solapur sessions court, where he served from 1957 till 1965. Later, he joined the Maharashtra State Police as a constable,[5] and served as sub-inspector of police, Maharashtra state CID for six years under his C.I.D mentor Amukuraj Patil.[6]

Politics[edit]

Shinde is a member of the Congress Party. He won the Maharashtra state assembly elections in 1978, 1980, 1985 and 1990.[7] Shinde was elected to Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra during July 1992 to March 1998.[8] In 2002, Shinde lost the election for the post of Vice-President of India contesting against the National Democratic Alliance candidate Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. He served as the chief minister of Maharashtra from 2003 to 2004 before being appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh on 30 October 2004 replacing Surjit Singh Barnala, who became the Governor of Tamil Nadu. He left the office on 29 January 2006.

Shinde was elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha for second time from Maharashtra on 20 March 2006.[9][10][11] Shinde became the leader of the ruling party in Lok Sabha after his predecessor Pranab Mukherjee was elected President of India.[12] Shinde served as Power minister of India from 2006–2012. Later, he was appointed Home Minister of India in 2012.[13][14]

In 2014 Lok Sabha elections, Shinde was the Congress party nominee. He was defeated by with a margin of 149,674 votes by Sharad Bansode of BJP.[15]

Criticisms and controversies[edit]

North India power failure[edit]

During the 2012 northern India power grid failure, Shinde deflected criticism by observing that India was not alone in suffering major power outages, as the United States and Brazil had both experienced similar blackouts within the previous few years.[16][17] Officials in Uttar Pradesh, where the problem was believed to have begun, said the grid could not keep up with the huge demand for power in the hot summer. Uttar Pradesh power corporation chief Avnish Awasthi stated that the grid collapse was due to the states drawing more than their allotted power to meet the summer demand.[17]

"Hindu terror" remark[edit]

During a speech made in Congress's Chintan Shivir in Jaipur, Shinde had claimed that the Home Ministry had received a report that the RSS and BJP were promoting Hindu terrorism through their training camps. He also accused the RSS and BJP of being behind the Samjhauta Express bombings, Mecca Masjid and Malegaon blasts. His statements were condemned by the BJP for claiming something without giving credible proof. The BJP demanded his immediate resignation, which at his failure to do so they would begin nationwide agitation.[18] Vishwa Hindu Parishad leader, Dr Praveen Togadia demanded Shinde to take back his words and apologise to the whole country.[19] Shiv Sena also condemned his statement saying that in the aftermath of 26/11 Terrorist Attack, the Congress had said that terror should not be associated with any color or religion. However, this time the Congress had raised the issue of "Saffron terrorism." Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar too slammed him calling his statements "irresponsible" that clearly showed his "immaturity".[20]

The terrorist organisations Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamaat-ud-Dawa in Pakistan congratulated him and welcomed his statements.[21]

Personal life[edit]

Sushilkumar Shinde and his wife, Ujwala have three daughters.[22] His daughter Praniti Shinde is an MLA of Solapur, Maharashtra India.

In popular culture[edit]

Marathi film, Dusari Goshta (2014) is loosely based on his life from childhood to becoming a popular politician.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shinde is new Leader of Lok Sabha". 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Council of Ministers – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India". http://india.gov.in. Government of India. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  3. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/family-retainer-with-dalit-card-sushil-kumar-shinde/1/211879.html
  4. ^ Bio data Of Shri Sushilkumar Shinde
  5. ^ Be more sensitive towards people's needs: Sushilkumar Shinde to police – India – DNA. Dnaindia.com. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  6. ^ Shri Sushilkumar Shinde biography
  7. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 218-North Solapur Constituency of Maharashtra". Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Rajya Sabha members". Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  9. ^ "Arjun, Bhardwaj, Shinde elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha", Tribuneindia.com, 20 March 2006.
  10. ^ "We are talking of a lifestyle sans God – Lifestyle – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ Shinde to be new Leader of House in Lok Sabha. Firstpost. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  13. ^ Home minister Shinde to visit Pune blast sites today. Firstpost. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Chidambaram appointed as FM, Sushil Kumar Shinde to be Home Minister". Retrieved 31 July, 201 2.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ Final Results – Maharashtra, Election Commission of India
  16. ^ "Power cut causes major disruption in northern India". BBC News. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Power grid failure makes 370M swelter in dark as India struggles to meet its vast energy needs". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "BJP Holds Nation-Wide Protests Against Shinde's 'Hindu Terror' Remark, Police Water-Cannon Protesters". The Indian Express. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "VHP Demands Sushilkumar Shinde's Apology for Terror Remark.". The Indian Express. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  20. ^ "Sushil Kumar Shinde's remark on 'Hindu terror' is irresponsible: Nitish Kumar". NDTV. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  21. ^ "LeT, JuD have congratulated Sushilkumar Shinde for his claims on Hindu terror: RSS". DNA. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Detailed Profile – Shri. Sushil Kumar Sambhajirao Shinde – Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) – Who's Who". Government: National Portal of India. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  23. ^ Bhanage, Mihir (2 May 2014). "review: Dusari Goshta". Times of India. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vilasrao Deshmukh
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
2003–2004
Succeeded by
Vilasrao Deshmukh
Preceded by
Surjit Singh Barnala
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Rameshwar Thakur
Preceded by
Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu
Minister of Power
2006–2012
Succeeded by
Veerappa Moily
Preceded by
P. Chidambaram
Minister of Home Affairs
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Rajnath Singh