||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
|Preceded by||Sahib Singh Verma|
|Succeeded by||Sheila Dikshit|
|Leader of Opposition (Lok Sabha)|
21 December 2009
|Minister of Health, Government of India|
30 September 2000 – April 2004
|Chief Minister of Delhi|
13 October 1998 – 3 December 1998
|Minister of Information and Broadcasting and Telecommunications, Government of India|
19 March 1998 – 12 October 1998
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India|
16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Education Minister, Government of Haryana|
|Minister for Labour, Government of Haryana|
14 February 1953 |
Ambala Cantt, Haryana
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Profession||Advocate, Supreme Court of India|
'Sushma Swaraj' pronunciation (help·info), (born 14 February 1953 Ambala Cantt) is a Six terms Member of Parliament, three times MLA and now Leader of Opposition(India) in present 15th Lok Sabha. She is a former Union Cabinet Minister of India and a former Chief Minister of Delhi. She became the country's youngest Cabinet Minister at 25 years of age in 1977.
Early life 
She was born in Ambala Cantt, Haryana. Her father was a prominent RSS member. She was a child prodigy famous for her exceptional memory. She was educated at S.D.College, Ambala Cantonment and earned a B.A degree with majors in Sanskrit and Political Science. She studied LL.B. from Department of Laws Panjab University, Chandigarh. She started her practice as an Advocate before Supreme Court of India in 1973. Sushma Swaraj began her political career with Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad in the 1970s.
Political career 
Sushma Swaraj joined the Janata Party movement and actively campaigned against emergency. She was a Member of the Haryana Legislative Assembly from 1977–82 and then again from 1987–90. In July 1977, she was sworn in as a Cabinet Minister in the Janata Party Government headed by Devi Lal. She became State President of Janata Party (Haryana) in 1979 when she was only 27 years of age. She was Education Minister, Haryana in the BJP-Lok Dal Government during 1987–90.
Member of Parliament 
In April 1990, she was elected as a Member of Parliament and was in Rajya Sabha during 1990–96. In 1996, she was elected to the 11th Lok Sabha from South Delhi Parliamentary Constituency. She was Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting during the 13-day Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government in 1996. During this tenure, she started live telecast of Lok Sabha debates.
Union Minister I&B & Telecommunications 
She was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha from South Delhi Parliamentary constituency for a 2nd term in 1998. Under the second Vajpayee Government, she was sworn in as Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting with additional charge of the Ministry of Telecommunications from 19 March to 12 October 1998. Her most notable decision during this period was to declare Film as an industry, which made the industry eligible for Bank finance. Prior to this, the film industry was financed by the underworld on heavy rate of interests. This one decision liberated film industry from the clutches of the underworld. She also started community radio by the Universities and other institutions.
Chief Minister of Delhi 
She resigned from the Union Cabinet to take over the first woman Chief Minister of Delhi in October 1998. BJP lost the Assembly elections because of rising prices and inflation. She resigned her Assembly seat and returned to national politics.
Contest against Sonia Gandhi 
In 1999, BJP nominated her to contest against the Congress party's President, Sonia Gandhi, from the Bellary constituency in Karnataka, which had always returned Congress winners since India's independence. During her campaign, she addressed public meetings in Kannada. She secured 3,58,000 votes in just 12 days of campaign. However,she lost the election by 7% votes.
Back in Parliament and Union Cabinet 
She returned to Parliament in April 2000 as a Rajya Sabha member from Uttar Pradesh . She was allocated to Uttrakhand when the new state was carved out of Uttar Pradesh. She was inducted into the Union Cabinet as Minister for Information and Broadcasting, which position she held from September 2000 until January 2003.
Union Health Minister 
She was Minister of Health, Family Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs from January 2003 until May 2004, when the National Democratic Alliance Government lost the general election. As Union Health Minister, she set up six AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) at Bhopal (MP), Bhubaneshwar (Odisha),Jodhpur (Rajasthan),Patna (Bihar),Raipur (Chhattisgarh) and Rishikesh (Uttrakhand).
After 2004 Election 
In an emotionally charged episode following the elections, Swaraj threatened to tonsure her head, don a white Saree, eat only grams and sleep on the floor to protest against the foreign rule if Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born Congress leader, became the Prime Minister of India. She announced that she will follow the footsteps of legendary warrior Maharana Pratap. Sonia Gandhi decided not to stake her claim for the Prime Minister's position.
Deputy Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha 
Swaraj was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha in April 2006 from Madhya Pradesh. She served as the Deputy leader of BJP in Rajya Sabha till April 2009.
Leader of Opposition, Lok Sabha 
She won the 2009 election to the 15th Lok Sabha from the Vidisha Lok Sabha constituency in Madhya Pradesh by the highest margin of over 4,00,000 votes. Sushma Swaraj became Leader of Opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha in place of Lal Krishna Advani on 21 December 2009.
Distinctions and Records 
In 1977, she became the youngest ever Cabinet Minister in the country at 25 years of age. In 1979, she became State President of Janata Party, Haryana State at the young age of 27. Sushma Swaraj was the First woman Spokesperson of a national political party in India. She has many firsts to her credit as BJPs first woman Chief Minister, Union Cabinet Minister, General Secretary, Spokesperson and Leader of Opposition. She is Indian Parliament's first and the only woman MP honored with the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award. She has contested 10 direct elections from four states.She has been a Member of Parliament/legislator for 30 long years. She is gifted with a phenomenal memory.
Personal life 
Sushma Swaraj is married to Swaraj Kaushal from 13 July 1975. Her husband Swaraj Kaushal is a Senior Advocate of Supreme Court of India and a Criminal lawyer and a former Governor of Mizoram during 1990–1993. He was appointed Governor at 37 years of age and became the youngest ever Governor in the country. Swaraj Kaushal was a Member of Parliament in from 1998–2004. They have a daughter, Bansuri Swaraj who is a graduate from Oxford University and a Barrister at law from Inner Temple.
Positions held 
- 1977–82 and 1987–90 Elected as Member, Haryana Legislative Assembly.
- 1977–79 Cabinet Minister, Labour and Employment, Government of Haryana.
- 1987–90 Cabinet Minister, Education, Food and Civil Supplies, Government of Haryana.
- April 1990 Elected to Rajya Sabha(1st term)
- 1996 Member, Eleventh Lok Sabha(2nd term).
- 16 May-1 June 1996 Union Cabinet Minister, Information and Broadcasting.
- 1998 Member, Twelfth Lok Sabha (3rd term)
- 19 March-12 Oct.1998 Union Cabinet Minister, Information and Broadcasting and Telecommunications (Additional charge)
- 13 Oct.-3 Dec. 1998 Chief Minister, DelhiResigned from Delhi Assembly and retained Lok Sabha seat.
- April 2000 Elected to Rajya Sabha (4th term)
- 30 Sept. 2000–29 Jan. 2003 Minister of Information and Broadcasting
- 29 Jan. 2003 – 22 May 2004 Minister of Health and Family Welfare and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
- April 2006 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (5th term)
- 16 May 2009 Elected to the 15th Lok Sabha (6th term).
- 3 June 2009 Elected as Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
- 21 Dec 2009 Sushma Swaraj appointed as Leader of the Opposition and replaced Lal Krishna Advani.
- Sushma Swaraj on U-Tube
- Detailed Profile – Smt. Sushma Swaraj – Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India. India.gov.in. Retrieved on 2011-07-30.
- SUSHMA SWARAJ (1952--)
- "Advani quits, Sushma appointed Lok Sabha Opposition leader". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-12-18.[dead link]
- "Advani quits as Leader of Opposition". Retrieved December 18, 2009.
- Brief Bio-data. Member of Rajya Sabha. SUSHMA SWARAJ, SHRIMATI
- Detailed Profile – – Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India. India.gov.in. Retrieved on 2011-07-30.
Sahib Singh Verma
|Chief Minister of the Delhi