Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008
|Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008|
|California State Legislation|
|Full name||Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008|
|Signed into law||September 30, 2008|
|Code||Health and Safety Code|
|Section||65080, 65400, 65583, 65584, 65587, 65588, 14522, 21061, and 21159|
The Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008, also known as Senate Bill 375 or SB 375, is a State of California law targeting greenhouse gas emissions from passenger vehicles. The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32) sets goals for the reduction of statewide greenhouse gas emissions. Passenger vehicles are the single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions statewide, accounting for 30% of total emissions. SB 375 therefore provides key support to achieve the goals of AB 32.
SB 375 instructs the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to set regional emissions reduction targets from passenger vehicles. The Metropolitan Planning Organization for each region must then develop a "Sustainable Communities Strategy" (SCS) that integrates transportation, land-use and housing policies to plan for achievement of the emissions target for their region.
In a press release the day he signed the bill into law, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger stated, "What this will mean is more environmentally-friendly communities, more sustainable developments, less time people spend in their cars, more alternative transportation options and neighborhoods we can safely and proudly pass on to future generations."
- 1 Regional Targets
- 2 Sustainable Communities Strategies
- 3 SCS Evaluation Methodology
- 4 Sustainable Communities Strategies by Region
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
On September 23, 2011, ARB adopted greenhouse gas emission targets from passenger vehicles for each of the state's eighteen MPOs for the years 2020 and 2035. These targets were developed in coordination with each of the MPOs. Targets for the eight San Joaquin Valley MPOs are placeholder targets pending the development of improved data, modeling, and target setting scenarios. Targets for the remaining six Metropolitan Planning Organizations—the Monterey Bay, Butte, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Shasta and Tahoe Basin regions—generally match or improve upon their current plans for 2020 and 2035. MTC, SANDAG, SACOG, SCAG and the San Joaquin Valley MPOs comprise 95% of the State of California’s current population, vehicle miles of travel, and passenger vehicle greenhouse gas emissions, with the remaining six MPOs comprising only 5%. The targets are expressed as a percent reduction in per capita greenhouse gas emissions, with 2005 as a base year. Regions that meet their targets may receive easier access to certain federal funding opportunities and streamlined environment review of development and infrastructure projects. Final targets were adopted by ARB on February 15, 2011.
Regional Targets - Percent Reduction in Per Capita Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Passenger Vehicles
|San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC)||7%||15%|
|San Diego Council of Governments (SANDAG)||7%||13%|
|Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG)||7%||16%|
|San Joaquin Valley MPOs (8 in total)||5%||10%|
|Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG)||8%||13%|
|6 other MPOs|
|San Luis Obispo||8%||8%|
Sustainable Communities Strategies
Every four years in areas that are not in attainment under the Clean Air Act, and every five years years in areas of attainment, MPOs prepare a Regional Transportation Plan that serves as a blueprint for future investments in transportation in their region. SB 375 adds each a new element to the RTP, called a Sustainable Communities Strategy, or SCS. The SCS will increase the integration of land use and transportation planning through more detailed allocation of land uses in the RTP. Local and regional governments and agencies are empowered to determine how the targets are met, through a combination of land use planning, transportation programs, projects and policies, and/or other strategies. ARB will review each SCS to determine whether it would, if implemented, achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target for its region. If the SCS will not meet the region’s target, the MPO must prepare a separate “alternative planning strategy (APS)” that is expected to meet the target. The APS is not a part of the RTP.
SCS Evaluation Methodology
In July 2011, ARB published a description of the methodology that it will use to determine whether a region's SCS, if adopted, will be expected to meet the greenhouse gas reduction target for that region.
MPOs develop models to estimate current and predict future transportation-related conditions in the region. Inputs to the model include population distribution, land uses, and transportation infrastructure and services. The model then converts these inputs into output values such as vehicle miles traveled, daily trips per household and percentage trips by various modes of travel (auto, transit, bicycling and walking). These and other outputs of the model will be used to estimate total greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles for the region.
Primary responsibility for transportation modeling remains with the MPOs, as will the evaluation of the impact of their SCS on greenhouse gas emissions. ARB's role will be evaluate the technical analysis performed by the MPOs, including a review of model complexity, and consideration of available resources and unique characteristics of each region. ARB will confirm estimates of vehicle-related GHG emissions and make a determination of whether these emissions will meet regional targets. Over time, ARB will revise its methodology for reviewing an SCS and work with MPOs to help them improve their modeling capabilities and evaluation of the impact of future Sustainable Communities Strategies on vehicle-related greenhouse gas emissions.
Sustainable Communities Strategies by Region
Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG)
SACOG is currently preparing their 2035 Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP), which will include a Sustainable Communities Strategy as required by SB 375. The draft MTP is scheduled for release in Fall 2011.
San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG)
In June 2011, SANDAG released its Draft Regional Transportation Plan for 2050 which includes its Draft Sustainable Communities Strategy. On Tuesday, September 13, 2011, ARB released an informational report on SANDAG's Draft SB 375 Sustainable Communities Strategy
San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC)
As part of their long-term regional planning process, titled "One Bay Area," the MTC and the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) are developing a 25-year transportation plan for the San Francisco Bay Area that is scheduled for adoption in 2013. The initial vision scenario for the plan, which will include a Sustainable Communities Strategy for the region, was released on March 11, 2011.
- California Air Resources Board Climate Change Program
- California Air Resources Board Sustainable Communities Regional Targets
- Sacramento Region Transportation Plan 2035
- San Diego Association of Governments Draft Regional Transportation Plan for 2050
- San Francisco One Bay Area
- Southern California Association of Governments