Susz

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Susz
Centre of the town
Centre of the town
Coat of arms of Susz
Coat of arms
Susz is located in Poland
Susz
Susz
Coordinates: 53°43′12″N 19°20′14″E / 53.72000°N 19.33722°E / 53.72000; 19.33722
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Iława
Gmina Susz
Area
 • Total 6.67 km2 (2.58 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 5,610
 • Density 840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Postal code 14-240
Website http://www.susz.pl

Susz [suʂ] (German: Rosenberg in Westpreußen) is a town in Iława County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 5,600 inhabitants (2004).

Geographical location[edit]

Susz is located about 26 kilometers east of Kwidzyn, 48 kilometers south of Elbląg and 130 kilometers south-west of Kaliningrad at an altitude of 114 meters above sea level.

History[edit]

Throughout its history the town carried a rose in its coat of arms (in German Rosenberg means "rose hill").

Around 1900 the town had a Protestant church, a Catholic church and a synagogue.

After World War I, during the ongoing Polish-Bolshevik War, a plebiscite was held to determine whether the town was to be part of Germany or the Second Polish Republic on July 11, 1920. 33,498 voted to remain in Germany, 1,073 voted for Poland. Based on that result the town was included in the Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder within East Prussia. From October 26, 1939, until 1945 Rosenberg was part of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in the province of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. During World War II Rosenberg was captured by the Red Army. After the end of war, the town became part of Poland under its Polish name Susz.[citation needed]

After the town had been put under Polish administration almost all German inhabitants who had remained in the town or had returned were expelled.

Notable residents[edit]


Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

Year Number[1][2][3][4]
1788 781
1829 1,570
1831 1,295
1875 3,081
1880 3,044
1885 3,055
1890 2,909
1905 3,259
1925 3,280
1933 3,822
1939 4,481
1943 4,440
2006 5,610

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Teil II, Marienwerder 1789, p. 10, no. 7.
  2. ^ Der Große Brockhaus, 15th edition, Vol. 16, Leipzig 1933, pp. 101–102.
  3. ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Rosenberg (2006).
  4. ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 440, no. 56.

Coordinates: 53°43′N 19°20′E / 53.717°N 19.333°E / 53.717; 19.333