Sutherland, New South Wales

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Sutherland
SydneyNew South Wales
Sutherland overlook closer.JPG
Overlooking Sutherland
Population 9,515 (2006)[1]
Established 1906
Postcode(s) 2232
Location 30 km (19 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Sutherland Shire
State electorate(s) Miranda, Heathcote, Menai
Federal Division(s) Hughes, Cook
Suburbs around Sutherland:
Bonnet Bay Jannali Kareela
Woronora Sutherland Kirrawee
Woronora Heights Loftus Royal National Park
Sutherland Shire council
Sutherland War Memorial
Sutherland Entertainment Centre

Sutherland is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Sutherland is located 30 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of the Sutherland Shire.

History[edit]

There are two theories for the origin of the Sutherland name:[2]

  • Thomas Mitchell as surveyor general in 1835 named the first parish south of the Georges River as the "Parish of Southerland" (South with an "o"). But it appeared in a later government gazette spelt Sutherland, losing the significance of the name.

Thomas Holt (1811–88) purchased 13,000 acres (53 km2) in the 1860s that stretched from Sutherland to Cronulla. The Sutherland area was originally heavily timbered and timber-cutting became the first industry. Holt initiated many commercial projects including timber cutting, coal mining, sheep farming and oyster farming. He built a forty room mansion called Sutherland House in 1881 at Sylvania, on the bank of Gwawley Bay. The mansion was destroyed by fire in 1918, thought to have been deliberately lit.[3]

The first road through the area was South Road constructed in 1842. Later Illawarra Road was built along the ridges of high land to the Woronora River. The Princes Highway became the main thoroughfare through Sutherland, linking Sydney to the Illawarra region.

The railway line was constructed in the 1880s and development followed. Residents lived in humpies or tents in the bush. Once the land was cleared, a township developed around the railway station. In 1886 there were only four permanent buildings: the railway station, the station master's residence, the railway keeper's cottage and a general store run by a man called Bromley. The post office opened on 1 September 1886 and a school began classes in 1887. In 1906, the shire of Sutherland was proclaimed and the name Sutherland was officially declared. The first meetings were held in the shire clerk's home and the Council Chambers were built in 1915.[4] By the 1920s, steam trams operated between Cronulla and Sutherland.

Commercial area[edit]

Sutherland is a mostly residential area with a shopping centre located close to Sutherland station. Some commercial developments are also located on the Princes Highway. As the administrative centre of the Sutherland Shire, Sutherland hosts facilities such as a general purpose entertainment centre where citizenship ceremonies take place, a community centre, local government council offices and a major central library. Woronora Cemetery sits on the western border of the suburb.

Transport[edit]

Sutherland station is a junction on the Illawarra line of the Sydney Trains network. The main line runs south to Waterfall and Wollongong and north to Sydney Central, and a branch line runs east to Cronulla.

Transdev NSW has a bus interchange at Sutherland, on both sides of Sutherland station. Services on the eastern side of the station connect Westfield Miranda, Gymea, Kirrawee and Grays Point. Services on the western side connect Loftus, Engadine, Heathcote, Menai, Illawong, Padstow, Bankstown and Woronora.

When the Southern Freeway (also known as the F6) was built linking Sydney to Wollongong, the Princes Highway was diverted away from the centre of Sutherland using Acacia Road. An F6 extension has been proposed for many years, which would link Sutherland to the Captain Cook Bridge via Miranda and onto the Southern Cross Drive via Brighton-Le-Sands.

Schools[edit]

Sutherland Public School, Sutherland North Public School, Minerva School, St Patrick's College., St Patrick's Primary School.

Churches[edit]

St Patrick's Catholic Church, St John the Baptist Anglican Church, St Andrews Presbyterian Church, Sutherland Uniting Church, Good Shepherd Lutheran Church Sutherland [5] Christadelphian Church[6] and Shirelive Church (Pentecostal).

Parks[edit]

Prince Edward Park, Sutherland Park, Waratah Park, Peace Park, Forby Sutherland Memorial Garden, Sutherland Community Gardens, Clio Street Reserve, Glencoe Street Reserve, Gray Street Reserve, Leonay Street Reserve.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Sutherland Leisure Centre located on Rawson Avenue features a 50-metre heated outdoor pool, an international size water polo pool and a multi-functional family fun and recreation area incorporating both a 50-metre and 25-metre indoor pool, spa and steamroom. The gymnasium offers fitness equipment, fitness classes, boxing / fitness circuit, martial arts room and beach volleyball court.

Notable residents[edit]

Apartments, Auburn Street

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Sutherland (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 November 2007. 
  2. ^ Sutherland Shire place names, fact sheet by the Sutherland Shire, August 2003
  3. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
  4. ^ http://www.sutherland.nsw.gov.au/ssc/rwpattach.nsf/0/Factsheet_6_FINAL_20030728.pdf/$file/Factsheet_6_FINAL_20030728.pdf
  5. ^ "Church Search Results". lca.org.au. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  6. ^ 'Sutherland' on thisisyourbible.com
  7. ^ "Sutherland Shire Council - Mayor, councillors and elections". 22 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°01′59″S 151°03′30″E / 34.03314°S 151.05830°E / -34.03314; 151.05830