Sutherland, Northern Cape

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Sutherland
Sutherland is located in South Africa
Sutherland
Sutherland
 Sutherland shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°23′37″S 20°39′41″E / 32.39361°S 20.66139°E / -32.39361; 20.66139Coordinates: 32°23′37″S 20°39′41″E / 32.39361°S 20.66139°E / -32.39361; 20.66139
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District Namakwa
Municipality Karoo Hoogland
Established 1858
Area[1]
 • Total 35.98 km2 (13.89 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,836
 • Density 79/km2 (200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 8.0%
 • Coloured 78.2%
 • Indian/Asian 0.8%
 • White 12.7%
 • Other 0.3%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 96.0%
 • English 1.9%
 • Other 2.1%
Postal code (street) 6920
PO box 6920
Area code 023

Sutherland is a town with about 2,841 inhabitants in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.[2] It lies in the western Roggeveld Mountains in the Karoo.

Major economic activities include tourism and sheep farming.[3] The area includes at least twelve registered B&B's, guest houses and guest farms.[4] Sutherland has recently gained in popularity, with many Capetonians buying property in the town and many more visiting on weekends and vacations.[citation needed]

A Dutch Reformed church in Sutherland was built before the Anglo Boer War. Sutherland is also the birthplace of NP van Wyk Louw, WEG Louw Dr Henry Olivier and Adriaan Vlok.

Geography[edit]

Sutherland's arid climate and remote location 1,450 metres (4,760 ft) above sea level make its night skies among the world's clearest and darkest. The telescopes of the South African Astronomical Observatory are nearby at 32°22′46″S 20°48′38.5″E / 32.37944°S 20.810694°E / -32.37944; 20.810694 (SAAO). These include the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), the largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere.[5]

Climate[edit]

Sutherland is the coldest town in South Africa, with an average yearly temperature of 11.3 °C and an average annual minimum temperature of 2.8 ºC;[6] although the farm Buffelsfontein holds the official lowest temperature record in the country (−18.6 °C),[6] with an average annual minimum temperature of 9.4 ºC.[7] Snowfall is common in winter. [citation needed] The coldest temperature recorded in Sutherland was −16.4 °C on 12 July 2003.[6] Sutherland has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk).

Climate data for Sutherland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
12
(54)
14
(57)
16
(61)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
19
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17
(63)
18
(64)
15
(59)
11
(52)
8
(46)
5
(41)
5
(41)
6
(43)
8
(46)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
11
(52)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
6
(43)
3
(37)
0
(32)
−1
(30)
−2
(28)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
5
(41)
7
(45)
2
(36)
Record low °C (°F) −15
(5)
−16.4
(2.5)
−16.4
(2.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
17
(0.67)
27
(1.06)
25
(0.98)
24
(0.94)
34
(1.34)
25
(0.98)
24
(0.94)
15
(0.59)
15
(0.59)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
244
(9.61)
Source: [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]