Sutton County, Texas

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Sutton County, Texas
Sutton county courthouse 2009.jpg
The Sutton County Courthouse in Sonora
Map of Texas highlighting Sutton County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1887
Seat Sonora
Largest city Sonora
Area
 • Total 1,454 sq mi (3,766 km2)
 • Land 1,454 sq mi (3,766 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population
 • (2010) 4,128
 • Density 3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 23rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.sutton.tx.us
Mercantile Garden, located at the foot of the hill containing the Sutton County Courthouse
The Sutton County Library in Sonora
Veterans & Pioneer Ranch Women Museum in Sonora

Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,128.[1] Its county seat is Sonora.[2] Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army. It is also one of the leading speed trap counties in West Texas, averaging more than 48,000 citations per year (over 10 per year per capita). The majority of these traffic violations are written to out-of-state drivers, travelling on Interstate 10, which bisects the county.[citation needed]

History[edit]

  • 9500 BC – c. 1860s AD Paleo-Indians in the county leave behind archaeological remains of a burned-rock midden with mortar and pestle, as well as other tools. Later native inhabitants include Tonkawa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.[3]
  • 1736 Lt. Miguel de la Garza Falcón leads 100 soldiers along the Devils River[4][5]
  • 1852, February 2 - Camp Terrett, later known as Fort Terrett, established to protect settlers from Comanches. Founded by Lt. Col. Henry Bainbridge and named for Lt. John Terrett, who was killed in the Battle of Monterrey in 1846.[6]
  • 1881 Wall’s Well discovered by Tim Birtrong and Ed Wall. Town of Wentworth discovered. Birtrong Ranch is the area’s only ranch.[7]
  • 1885 Charles G. Adams, a merchant and sometime rancher from Fort McKavett, founds Sonora, Texas, named after a family servant from Sonora, Mexico.[8]
  • 1887 The Texas legislature establishes Sutton County, carved out of eastern Crockett County named for Confederate officer John Schuyler Sutton.[3]
  • 1890 Sonora becomes the county seat.[3]
  • 1915 Texas Sheep & Goat Raisers’ Association organized.[9]
  • 1928 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway acquires Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway to connect Sonora with San Angelo, Del Rio, and the outside world by rail.[3]
  • 1930 Sonora Wool and Mohair Company established.[3]
  • 1936 WPA projects help local economy.[3]
  • 1958, August 1 – Sonora Municipal Airport activated.[10]
  • 1960, July 16 – Caverns of Sonora open to the public.[11]
  • 1965 Caverns of Sonora designated National Natural Landmark.[12]
  • 1975 Fort Terrett Ranch is purchased by the Texas oil industrrialist Bill Noël and used in part for the growing of pecans.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,454.4 square miles (3,766.9 km2), of which 1,453.9 square miles (3,765.6 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.03%) is water.[14]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 658
1900 1,727 162.5%
1910 1,569 −9.1%
1920 1,598 1.8%
1930 2,807 75.7%
1940 3,977 41.7%
1950 3,746 −5.8%
1960 3,738 −0.2%
1970 3,175 −15.1%
1980 5,130 61.6%
1990 4,135 −19.4%
2000 4,077 −1.4%
2010 4,128 1.3%
Est. 2012 3,950 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1850-2010[16]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 4,077 people, 1,515 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,998 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 45.28% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 2.27% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 49.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,515 households out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,385, and the median income for a family was $38,143. Males had a median income of $31,193 versus $18,587 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,105. About 14.10% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Sutton County is served by the Sonora Independent School District based in Sonora.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hosmer, Brian C. "Sutton County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Smith, Julia Cauble. "Devils River". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Skiles, Jack; Kelton, Elmer (1996). Judge Roy Bean Country. Texas Tech University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-89672-369-6. 
  6. ^ Uglow, Loyd and Loyd M (2001). Standing in the Gap: Army Outposts, Picket Stations, and the Pacification of the Texas Frontier, 1866-1886. Texas Christian University. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-87565-246-7. 
  7. ^ "Wentworth - Sonora, Sutton County, Texas". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Sonora, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  9. ^ Lackey, Jerry (21 December 2009). "HOMESTEAD: 'Stockman's Paradise' true to the past". San Angelo Standard Times. 
  10. ^ "Sonora Municipal Airport". AirNav. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "History Caverns of Sonora". Caverns of Sonora. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "NPS Caverns of Sonora". National Park Service. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  13. ^ "William Douglas Noël". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′N 100°32′W / 30.50°N 100.54°W / 30.50; -100.54