Suutei tsai

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Inner Mongolian Milk tea provided in Hohhot's Bayandelehai Mongolian restaurant


Suutei tsai (Mongolian: сүүтэй цай, Turkish: sütlü çay) (literally "tea with milk") is a traditional Mongolian beverage. The name suutei tsai in Mongolian means milk tea. The drink is also known as süütei tsai, tsutai tsai, or Mongolian salty tea.[1]

Preparation[edit]

The ingredients to suutei tsai are typically water, milk, tea and salt. A simple recipe might call for one quart of water, one quart of milk, a tablespoon of green tea, and one teaspoon of salt. But the ingredients often vary. Some recipes use green tea while others use black tea. Some recipes even include butter or fat. The amount of salt in the tea is also often varied. Sometimes the milk in the tea is omitted if not available. Another common addition to the suutei tsai is fried millet.[2][3][4]

The way of preparing the drink can also vary. The traditional way of cooking it includes stirring it by scooping it up while it is boiling and pouring it back in from a height. However, many today omit this step.[5][6]

The tea that the Mongolians use for suutei tsai commonly comes from a block. The block consists of a lower quality of tea that is made up of stems or inferior tea leaves and is compressed into a block that can be easily stored. When needed, the tea is chipped off and added to the suutei tsai.[7]

History[edit]

Milk continues to be a very important part of the Mongolian diet. The milk that Mongolians drink comes from many sources including cattle, camels, horses, yaks, goats, and sheep,[8] though cow milk is now the norm. An old tradition among many Mongols was to not drink water straight. This could have been a result of the Mongols’ belief that water was sacred.[9]

During the mid-thirteenth century, a Franciscan monk, William of Rubruck, set out to the Mongol Empire to make an account of the Mongols. In his account, Rubruck noted the Mongols’ drinking habits with water, saying that the Mongols were “most careful not to drink pure water”.[10] In a land where juice and wine were not readily available, many Mongols opted to drink milk-based products like suutei tsai or airag (a type of milk alcohol made from fermented mares milk) instead of pure water.

Popularity[edit]

While many Mongolians enjoy suutei tsai, some Westerners have a hard time adjusting to its distinctive flavor. This is particularly because of the salt in the drink.[11][12]

Suutei tsai is one of the most common drinks in Mongolia. It is often drunk at meals and throughout the day. It is usually served to guests when they arrive at a Mongolian home, known as a yurt or ger. Upon arriving, guests are usually served suutei tsai with a hospitality bowl filled with snacks.[13][14] Suutei tsai can be drunk straight, with boortsog (Mongolian fried biscuit) or with dumplings.[15]

In addition, suutei tsai is available in instant packet form.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mongolia, by Michael Kohn, 2008, page 43 “süü (milk) may be cow, sheep, or goat milk.... Mongolian tea (tsai in Mongolian; shay in Kazakh)"
  2. ^ The ethnomusicologists’ cookbook:complete meals from around the world, by Sean Williams, 2006, page 58
  3. ^ The National Geographic magazine, Volume 24, Issues 1-6, by National Geographic Society (U.S.), 1913, page 669
  4. ^ http://www.e-mongol.com/mongolia_culture_cooking-recipes.htm#Suuteitsai
  5. ^ Mongolia, by Guek-Cheng Pang, 2010, page 129
  6. ^ http://www.e-mongol.com/mongolia_culture_cooking-recipes.htm#Suuteitsai
  7. ^ The changing world of Mongolia’s nomads, by Melvyn C. Goldstein, Cynthia M. Beall, 1994, page 43
  8. ^ http://www.mongolia-dairy.mn/data/pdf/w-06%20dugdill_paper_mongolia-production,%20processing%20and%20outlook%202010.pdf, page iii; viewed using Google quickview
  9. ^ the Mongols believed that bodies of water were like gods. (Mongols, by Galadriel Findlay Watson, 2005, page 6) At one time, the polluting of rivers or other flowing water was punishable by death. (Daily Life in the Mongol Empire, by George Lane, 2006, page 186)
  10. ^ William of Rubruck’s account of the Mongols, by Rana Saad, 2005, page 19
  11. ^ With the Russians in Mongolia, by Henry George Charles Perry-Ayscough, Robert Bruère Otter-Barry, 1914, page 76
  12. ^ Beyond the House of the False Lama: Travels with Monks, Nomads, and Outlaws, by George Crane, 2006, 276 “Salty and weak, Mongol milk tea was an acquired taste I’d never acquired.”
  13. ^ Mongolia, by Guek-Cheng Pang, 2010, page 129
  14. ^ Teen life in Asia, by Judith J. Slater, 2004, page 118
  15. ^ World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia, Volume 2, by Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2007, page 269

External links[edit]