Suvarnangi (pronounced Suvarṇāngi, meaning the golden bodied one) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is the 47th melakarta rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music. It is called Souveeram or Sauviram in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.
Structure and Lakshana
It is the 5th rāgam in the 8th chakra Vasu. The mnemonic name is Vasu-Ma. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gi mi pa dhi nu. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
Its swaras are shuddha rishabham, sadharana gandharam, prati madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kakali nishadham. As it is a melakarta rāgam, by definition it is a sampoorna rāgam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the prati madhyamam equivalent of Kokilapriya, which is the 11th melakarta.
A few compositions set to Suvarnangi rāgam are:
- Sri raghupathim by Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna
- Sarasa souveera by Muthuswami Dikshitar
- Iha para sukha by Koteeswara Iyer
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
Suvarnangi's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields no other melakarta rāgam. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the rāgam.
- Sri Muthuswami Dikshitar Keertanaigal by Vidwan A Sundaram Iyer, Pub. 1989, Music Book Publishers, Mylapore, Chennai
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras