At least six springs comprise Suwannee Springs, of which five spill directly into the south side of the Suwannee River. The main spring flows inside a man-made wall fifteen feet high and three feet thick of limestone rock, this wall was built in the late 1890s.
Suwannee Springs is a second magnitude spring with an average flow of 23.4 cubic feet per second (cfs). The spring emerges from Oligocene age limestone and discharges hard, sulphur water. The water maintains a year round temperature of 70 to 76 degrees.