|Type||Public (TYO: 7269)|
|Founded||1909 (as Suzuki Loom Works)|
|Headquarters||Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan|
|Key people||Osamu Suzuki, (Chairman & CEO)|
|Production output||2,878,000 units (Automobiles) (2011)
2,735,000 units (Motorcycles) (2011)
|Revenue|| ¥2.608 trillion (2011)
|Profit|| ¥45.17 billion (2011)
|Total assets|| ¥2.224 trillion (2011)
Suzuki Motor Corporation (スズキ株式会社 Suzuki Kabushiki-Kaisha ) is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan, which specializes in manufacturing automobiles, 4x4 vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines. In 2011, Suzuki was the tenth biggest automaker by production worldwide. Suzuki employs over 45,000 and has 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries. According to statistics from the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA), Suzuki is Japan's second-largest manufacturer of small cars and trucks.
||This section includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2009)|
In 1909, Michio Suzuki (1887–1982) founded the Suzuki Loom Works in the small seacoast village of Hamamatsu, Japan. Business boomed as Suzuki built weaving looms for Japan's giant silk industry. In 1929, Michio Suzuki invented a new type of weaving machine, which was exported overseas. Suzuki filed as many as 120 patents and utility model rights. The company's first 30 years focused on the development and production of these exceptionally complex machines.
Despite the success of his looms, it occurred to Suzuki that his company would benefit from diversification and he began to look at other products. Based on consumer demand, he decided that building a small car would be the most practical new venture. The project began in 1937, and within two years Suzuki had completed several compact prototype cars. These first Suzuki motor vehicles were powered by a then-innovative, liquid-cooled, four-stroke, four-cylinder engine. It featured a cast aluminum crankcase and gearbox and generated 13 horsepower (9.7 kW) from a displacement of less than 800cc.
With the onset of World War II, production plans for Suzuki's new vehicles were halted when the government declared civilian passenger cars a "non-essential commodity." At the conclusion of the war, Suzuki went back to producing looms. Loom production was given a boost when the U.S. government approved the shipping of cotton to Japan. Suzuki's fortunes brightened as orders began to increase from domestic textile manufacturers. But the joy was short-lived as the cotton market collapsed in 1951.
Faced with this colossal challenge, Suzuki's thoughts went back to motor vehicles. After the war, the Japanese had a great need for affordable, reliable personal transportation. A number of firms began offering "clip-on" gas-powered engines that could be attached to the typical bicycle. Suzuki's first two-wheel ingenuity came in the form a bicycle fitted with a motor called, the "Power Free." Designed to be inexpensive and simple to build and maintain, the 1952 Power Free featured a 36 cc, one horsepower, two-stroke engine. An unprecedented feature was the double-sprocket gear system, enabling the rider to either pedal with the engine assisting, pedal without engine assist, or simply disconnect the pedals and run on engine power alone. The system was so ingenious that the patent office of the new democratic government granted Suzuki a financial subsidy to continue research in motorcycle engineering, and so was born Suzuki Motor Corporation.
By 1954, Suzuki was producing 6,000 motorcycles per month and had officially changed its name to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. Following the success of its first motorcycles, Suzuki created an even more successful automobile: the 1955 Suzuki Suzulight. Suzuki showcased its penchant for innovation from the beginning. The Suzulight included front-wheel drive, four-wheel independent suspension and rack-and-pinion steering—features not common on cars until three decades later.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
- 1920: Reorganized, incorporated, and capitalized at 500,000 yen as Suzuki Loom Manufacturing Co. with Michio Suzuki as president.
- 1952: "Power Free" motorized bicycle marketed.
- 1954: Company name changed to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd.
- 1955: Lightweight car Suzuki Suzulight (360 cc, two stroke) front wheel drive, marketed helping to usher in Japan's light-weight car age.
- 1961: Suzuki Loom Manufacturing Co. established by separating the loom machine division from the motor works and lightweight truck "Suzulight Carry" marketed.
- 1962: Suzuki won the 50 cc class championship at the Isle of Man TT
- 1963: U.S. Suzuki Motor Corp., a direct sales subsidiary, opened in Los Angeles.
- 1965: "D55" (5.5 hp, 2-stroke) outboard motor marketed and makes early inroads and Fronte 800 marketed.
- 1967: Thai Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. established as a local assembly plant.
- 1968: Carry full-cab van marketed.
- 1970: T500 (TT Isle of Man) Frank Whiteway
- 1970: LJ-Series (Jimny) 4×4 marketed.
- 1971: Ts185 Enduro marketed.
- 1971: GT750 motorcycle marketed.
- 1973: Suzuki Canada Ltd., opened in Ontario, Canada.
- 1974: P.T. Suzuki Indonesia Manufacturing established in Jakarta, Indonesia, entry into medical equipment field by marketing the Suzuki Motor Chair Z600 motorized wheelchair, expansion into the housing field initiated with Suzuki Home marketing two models of prefab "Mini-House" and three types of storage sheds.
- 1975: Antonio Suzuki Corp., a joint venture for knockdown production and sales, established in Manila, the Philippines.
- 1976: GS-Series motorcycles marketed.
- 1977: LJ80 4×4 vehicle marketed and exports of GS1000H motorcycle began.
- 1979: Alto marketed.
- 1979: SC100 marketed in the UK.
- 1980: Suzuki Australia Pty. Ltd. established in Sydney, Australia and entry into general purpose engine field by marketing three electric power generator models.
- 1981: Business ties with General Motors (U.S.) and Isuzu Motors, Ltd.(Japan) signed.
- 1982: 4×4 production began at PAK Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. in Karachi, Pakistan and won maker championship for 7th consecutive year at the World Road Race Grand Prix 500.
- 1982: SC100 Discontinued in favour of Alto.
- 1983: Enters into a partnership with Maruti Udyog Ltd. to produce cars in India.
- 1983: Cultus/Swift 1.0-liter passenger car marketed and 4×4 production started at Maruti Udyog Ltd. in Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
- 1984: Suzuki New Zealand Ltd. established in Wanganui, New Zealand and began export of Chevrolet Sprint to the United States. Car production technical assistance contract signed with China National Aerotechnology Import & Export Beijing Corporation. Operation of Suzuki Motor GmbH Deutschland began in Heppenheim, Germany.
- 1985: SUZUKI of AMERICA AUTOMOTIVE CORP. established with the introduction of the Samurai, and the GSX-R750 motorcycle with an oil-cooled engine marketed and scooter production started at Avello S.A. of Spain. Agreement with Santana Motors to produce Suzuki cars in their Linares factory in Andalusia, Spain.
- 1986: American Suzuki Motor Corp. is formed merging U.S. Suzuki Motor Corp and Suzuki of America Automotive Corp.
- 1987: Cultus/Swift production began in Colombia and total aggregate car exports reached 2 million units.
- 1988: Escudo/Vitara 4×4 marketed and total aggregate car production reached 10 million units..
- 1989: CAMI Automotive Inc. established and began operation in Ontario, Canada. Swift GT/GLX and Sidekick sales begin in the United States.
- 1990: Corporate name changed to Suzuki Motor Corporation.
- 1991: Car production started in Korea through technical ties with Daewoo Shipbuilding & Heavy Machinery Ltd and Cappuccino 2-seater marketed.
- 1993: Passenger car production/sales began at Suzuki Egypt S.A.E., opening ceremony for new car production plant held at Magyar Suzuki Corp. in Esztergom, Hungary and Wagon R passenger car marketed.
- 1994: Maruti Udyog Ltd. of India total aggregate car production reached 1 million units.
- 1995: Total aggregate motorcycle export reached 20 million units
- 1996: Start of production in Vietnam (Motorcycles and automobiles)
- 1997: Achieved 10 million cumulative automobile sales for overseas market and 4-stroke outboard motors win the Innovation Award at The International Marine Trade Exhibit and Conference (IMTEC) in Chicago.
- 1999: Aggregate motorcycle production reaches 40 million units and Jiangxi Changhe Suzuki Automobile Co., Ltd. receives official approval from the Chinese government for production of commercial vehicles.
- 2000: The company commemorates the 80th anniversary, aggregate car production at Kosai Plant reaches 10 million units and Suzuki production starts at General Motors de Argentina S.A.
- 2001: Aggregate Launch of Suzuki Liana/Aerio. worldwide sales of Jimny/SJ reaches 2 million units, production of Alto reaches 4 million units and Suzuki achieves "Zero-Level" target of landfill waste
- 2002: Achieved 30 million cumulative automobile sales for worldwide market and America's No.1 warranty: 100,000/7-year powertrain limited warranty.
- 2003: Suzuki is No.1 in Kei car sales for the 30th consecutive year and Twin, the first hybrid Kei car in Japan, marketed.
- 2004: Aggregate domestic automobile sales reach 15 million units.
- 2005: Swift was awarded the 2006 RJC Car of the Year.
- 2006: New XL7 is marketed particularly to the North American market; and GM divested, selling 92.36 million shares and reducing their stake to 3%.
- 2008: GM divested its remaining 3% stake in Suzuki.
- 2009: Suzuki introduces its first production pickup truck called the Equator. Volkswagen AG and Suzuki reach a common understanding to establish a close long-term strategic partnership.
- November: Suzuki built a new 650,000 sq.m. factory in Eastern Seaboard Industrial Estate in Rayong province, Thailand, that have ground-braking in November 2009, the 20 billion yen investment for eco-car that production are start from March 2012.
- 2011: Suzuki announces Indonesia will become a regional production base with investment up to $800 million over the next few years.
- January: Suzuki announces plans to build a new engine factory as the third factory in Indonesia to fulfill the fast-growing Southeast Asian market. On a 1.3 million square-metre site in an industrial park outside Jakarta, Suzuki has spent 10 billion yen with the potential to reach 30 billion yen.
- March: Suzuki Swift (Third Generation), a new age of eco-car, begins production in a new factory based in Rayong province, Thailand which Suzuki invested 20 billion yen in 2009 targeting its compact car production.
- November: American Suzuki Motor Corp. files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Owing to its focus on small cars, a strong yen and stringent US safety regulations which have hurt growth, Suzuki Motors announces it will discontinue building autos for the US market and focus instead on motorcycles, ATVs and marine equipment. U.S. sales had peaked in 2007 but had dropped to a quarter of that by 2011.
- Suzuki got the approval for setting up a new factory and revive its plant in Yangon. This will resume its vehicle and spare part production in Myanmar which was closed in 2012.
- March: In spite of a 2012 statement to the contrary, Suzuki Canada Inc. announced it would discontinue its auto-building operations in Canada as part of its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings in the U.S. It was contemplated that the sale of motorcycles, ATVs and marine equipment would continue in Canada as well as in the U.S.
Based in Gurgaon, Harayana, Maruti Suzuki India Limited is an Indian automobile manufacturer that is a subsidiary of Japanese automaker Suzuki Motor Corporation. Maruti Suzuki produced 1,133,695 units between April 1, 2011 and March 30, 2012. The Suzuki Motor Corporation owns 54.2% of Maruti Suzuki and the rest is owned by various Indian public and financial institutions. The company was incorporated in 1981 and is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange of India.
Maruti Suzuki was born as a Government of India-led company named Maruti Udyog Limited, with Suzuki as a minor partner, to make lower priced cars for middle class Indians. Over the years, the product range has widened and ownership has changed hands as the customer has evolved.
Maruti Suzuki offers models ranging from the Maruti 800 to the premium sedan Maruti Suzuki Kizashi and luxury SUV Maruti Suzuki Grand Vitara. Maruti 800 was the first model launched by the company in 1983 followed by mini-van Maruti Omni in 1984. Maruti Gypsy, launched in 1985, came into widespread use with the Indian Army and Indian Police Service becoming its primary customers. The short-lived Maruti 1000 was replaced by Maruti Esteem in 1994.
Maruti Zen, launched in 1993, was the company's second compact car model. The company went on to launch another compact car Maruti Wagon-R followed by Maruti Baleno in 1999. It was later replaced by the Suzuki SX4.
In 2000, Maruti Alto was launched. The Maruti models include Maruti Suzuki Grand Vitara, launched in 2003, Maruti Versa, launched in 2004, Maruti Suzuki Swift, launched in 2005, Maruti Zen Estilo and Maruti Suzuki SX4, launched in 2007.
On 14 February 2011, Maruti announced that it had achieved one million total accumulated production volume of the Alto. The Alto has reached the million units mark in just seven years and five months since its launch on September 2000. The last half of the million was achieved in 25 months. The Alto became the third car by Maruti Suzuki stable to cross the million units mark, following the Maruti 800 and the Omni.
Maruti Exports Limited is Maruti's exporting subsidiary and, as such, does not operate in the domestic Indian market except in its capacity as an exporter for Maruti Suzuki and for the international Suzuki Motor Corporation as well as their other affiliates. The first commercial consignment of 480 cars were sent to Hungary. By sending a consignment of 571 cars to the same country, Maruti crossed the benchmark of 3,000,000 cars. Since its inception export was one of the aspects the government has been keen to encourage.
American Suzuki Motor Corp.
Through an agreement with General Motors, Suzuki began selling a version of their Suzuki Cultus in the United States as the Chevrolet Sprint in 1985. This model was initially sold as a 3-door hatchback and would be Chevrolet's smallest model.
The Samurai was also introduced in 1985 for the 1986 model year and was the first car introduced to the United States by the newly created American Suzuki Corp. No other Japanese company sold more cars in the United States in its first year than Suzuki. The Samurai was available as a convertible or hardtop and the company slogan was Never a Dull Moment. The Samurai was successful until Consumer Reports alleged the Samurai of being susceptible to roll over in a 1988 test. This led to a much publicized 1996 lawsuit, not settled until 2004.
In 1989, American Suzuki introduced the Swift which was the 2nd generation Suzuki Cultus. The Swift was available as a GTi and GLX hatchback with a 4-door sedan following in 1990. A new small SUV called the Sidekick was also introduced in 1989. 1991 saw the introduction of the 4-door Suzuki Sidekick, the first 4-door mini-SUV in North America. The Swift and Sidekick were cousins to GM's Geo Metro and Geo Tracker and were mostly produced in Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada by Suzuki and GM's joint venture, CAMI. The Swift GT/GTi and 4-door models were imported from Japan. Negative evaluations from Consumer Reports of the Suzuki Samurai led to some temporary setbacks at American Suzuki as annual sales in the following years dropped to below 20,000 units.
In 1995, American Suzuki introduced the Esteem and redesigned the Swift. The Swift GT was dropped and this version Swift was specific only to North America where it was built at CAMI. These models were the first Suzuki vehicles to be marketed in North America with dual front airbags. A station wagon version of the Esteem was introduced in 1996. Worldwide Suzuki production reached more than 975,000 cars this[which?] year.
Also in 1996, American Suzuki released the 2-door SUV X-90 and a revised Sidekick Sport model with dual airbags, a 120 hp (89 kW) 1.8 liter engine, 16 inch wheels and two-tone paint. The Sidekick was replaced by the Vitara and the Grand Vitara for 1999. The Grand Vitara would be Suzuki's first model with a V6-cylinder engine and available 4-wheel ABS brakes.
The Grand Vitara XL-7 was introduced in 2001 as a stretched version of the Grand Vitara. The Grand Vitara XL-7 had a larger 2.7 liter V6-cylinder engine and 3-row seating. This would be Suzuki's largest vehicle to date.
In 2004, General Motors and Suzuki jointly purchased the bankrupt Daewoo Motors renaming the venture GMDAT. American Suzuki rebadged the compact Daewoo Nubira/Daewoo Lacetti as the Forenza and the mid-size Daewoo Magnus as the Verona. The Forenza gained station wagon and hatchback body style in 2005, with the hatchback sold under the Reno name.
2006 was the first year American Suzuki sold more than 100,000 vehicles in the United States. Suzuki redesigned the Grand Vitara in 2006 as well as introduced the all-new Suzuki SX4 and Suzuki XL7 in 2007. The Suzuki SX4 is produced as a joint venture with Fiat and the XL7 (notice the shortening of the name from Grand Vitara XL-7) was produced as a joint venture with GM at CAMI Automotive Inc. in Ingersoll. Suzuki put XL7 production on indefinite hiatus in mid-2009 due to low demand and subsequently sold off its share of CAMI back to GM later that year.
Despite a difficult domestic US automarket, Suzuki has been keeping pace with its 2007 sales numbers including recording their best May ever in May 2008.
In 2009, Suzuki sales dropped 48.5%, following a 17% sales drop in 2008. Suzuki did not import any 2010 model year street motorcycles into the US, with dealers instead relying on unsold stock from the 2009 model year. New street motorcycle models to the US resumed for the 2011 model year.
In November 2012, Suzuki announced that its US division would file for bankruptcy and would stop selling automobiles in the United States. It plans to continue to sell motorcycles, ATVs, and marine products in the US. In ten months of 2012, Suzuki only sold 21,188 automobiles in the US. The combination of a strong yen and Suzuki's own limited offering of models has been blamed for the downturn.
Pakistani Suzuki Motor Company Limited
Following the terms of the Joint Venture Agreement between Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan (SMC) and Pakistan Automobile Corporation (PACO), Pak Suzuki Motor Company Limited (PSMCL) was incorporated as a public limited company in August 1983.
The new company assumed the assets including production facilities of Awami Autos Limited. PSMCL started commercial operations in January 1984 with the primary objective of passenger cars, pick ups, vans and 4x4 vehicles.
The groundbreaking ceremony of the company’s green field automobile plant at Bin Qasim was performed by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan in early 1989.
On completion of first phase of this plant in early 1990, in-house assembly Suzuki engines started. The new plant was completed in 1992, and Suzuki production was transferred to new plant – and three-box 1,300 cc Margalla car was also added to its range of production.
In September 1992 the company was privatized and placed directly under the Japanese Management. At the time of privatization SMC increased its equity from 25% to 40% Subsequently, SMC progressively increased its equity to 73.09% by 31 December 2001.
The Bin Qasim Plant further expanded its production capacity to 50,000 vehicles per year in July 1994 and 300,000 vehicles had been manufactured at this plant by December 2003.
Suzuki Canada Inc.
- 1973 – 1 June, Suzuki Canada Ltd. was incorporated with offices at Downsview, Ontario. Product lines included motorcycles, parts and accessories to Suzuki dealers throughout Canada.
- 1974 – Vancouver branch office and warehouse inaugurated to service dealers in western Canada.
- 1980 – Autumn – Suzuki Canada began its automotive sales with the marketing and sales of four-wheel-LJ80 in eastern Canada. 1 November, the name of company changed from Suzuki Canada Ltd. to Suzuki Canada Inc.
- 1982 – Introduction of a line of Suzuki all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in Canada.
- 1983 – Introduction of a line of Suzuki outboard motors in western Canada. 1 February 1983 – Western Branch moved to enlarged facilities in Richmond, British Columbia.
- 1984 – Began the sales of 'Suzuki Forsa' (Suzuki Cultus) automobile.
- 1986 – A $600 million Suzuki-GM joint venture CAMI Automotive Inc. announced for the manufacturing of vehicles. Production was set to begin in 1989 at Ingersoll, Ontario.
- 1987 – 25 January – Suzuki Canada Inc. moved to a new 110,000 sq ft (10,000 m2). head office and warehouse facility at Richmond Hill, Ontario.
- 1988 – Autumn – Suzuki began selling the CAMI-built 2-door Suzuki Sidekick.
- 2009 – Autumn – Suzuki sold its participation in CAMI to GM
In 2013, Suzuki Canada announced that it would follow the US division and stop selling automobiles in Canada after the 2014 model year.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Since 1985, Suzuki has shared or produced automobiles for other manufacturers around the world.
Suzuki started manufacturing motorcycles in 1952, the first models being motorized bicycles. During the 1950s, 1960s and the better part of the 1970s, the company manufactured motorcycles with two-stroke engines only, the biggest two-stroke model being the water-cooled triple-cylinder GT750.
A large factor in Suzuki's success in two-stroke competition was the East German Grand Prix racer Ernst Degner, who defected to the West in 1961, bringing with him expertise in two-stroke engines from the East German manufacturer MZ. Suzuki hired Degner, and he won the 50 cc class F.I.M. road racing World Championship for them in the 1962 season. Suzuki became the first Japanese manufacturer to win a motocross world championship when Joel Robert won the 1970 250 cc title. In the 1970s, Suzuki established themselves in the motorcycle racing world with Barry Sheene and Roger De Coster winning world championships in the premier 500 cc division in road racing and motocross respectively. Suzuki continues to compete in MotoGP and last won the title in the 2000 season. Since 2006, the team is sponsored by Rizla and is known as Rizla Suzuki MotoGP team. On 18 November 2011, Suzuki announced that the GP racing was suspended, partly due to natural disasters and recession, until 2014.
Notable Suzuki motorcycles include some of the following:
- Hayabusa (GSX-1300R) – a sport motorcycle capable of 190 mph (310 km/h) in 1999, and limited to 186 mph (299 km/h) since 2001.
- GSX-R1000 – currently the largest model of the GSX-R series, first launched in 2001.
- GSX-R750 – the grandfather of the GSX-R1000, this designation is more than 25 years old and this model is being updated/redesigned entirely every two to four years.
- GSX-R600 – a smaller version of the GSX-R750.
- GSX-650F – introduced in 2008, this new sport touring model fills the void of the retired Katana. The 2009 model has ABS as a standard feature.
- SV650 – introduced in 1999 as a budget entry in the emerging naked bike market and, as of 2008, offered both naked and fully faired. Since 2009 it is also offered in the Gladius variant.
- Burgman – series of urban scooters with engine capacities from 125 cc up to 638 cc produced in Japan, Italy and Spain.
- RGV250 – the road-racing replica of Kevin Schwantz's RGV500 GP race bike
- DL-650 V-Strom – a dual-sport motorcycle
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
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- Suzuki is pronounced [su͍zu͍kiꜜ] in Japanese, with a high tone on the last syllable [ki], followed by a downstep. It is pronounced // sə-ZOO-kee in English, with a stressed zu. This pronunciation is used by the Suzuki company in marketing campaigns directed towards English-speakers.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Suzuki vehicles|
- Suzuki Global website
- Suzuki autos at the Open Directory Project
- Suzuki motorcycles at the Open Directory Project
|Maruti Suzuki road car timeline, Indian market, 1980s–present|
|Grand Vitara XL7||Grand Vitara|
|Suzuki road vehicle timeline, North America market, 1985–present|
|Mini SUV||Jimny / Samurai||X-90|
|Compact SUV||Grand Vitara|
|Suzuki/Suzulight road car timeline, 1955–1989|
|Kei sedan||Suzulight SS||Suzulight Fronte||Fronte 360||"Stingray" Fronte||Fronte LC20||Fronte 7-S||Fronte||Fronte||Fronte|
|Kei Sports||Fronte Coupé||Cervo/SC100||Cervo||Cervo|
|Kei light commercial||Suzulight SL/SD/SP||Suzulight 360 Van||Fronte Van/ Estate/Custom||Fronte Hatch||Alto||Alto||Alto|
|Kei truck||Mighty Boy|
|Suzulight Carry FB||(Suzulight) Carry L20, L30||Carry L40||Carry L50/L60||Carry 55/Wide||Carry ST30/40||Carry|
|Kei van||Suzulight Carry Van FBD||(Suzulight) Carry Van L20, L30||Carry Van L40||Carry Van L50/L60||Carry Van 55/Wide||Carry Van/Every||Every|
|Kei SUV||Jimny, Jimny55||Jimny550|
|Mini SUV||Jimny8, LJ80||Jimny1000, SJ410||Jimny1300, SJ413, Samurai|