Svätý Jur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 48°15′07″N 17°12′56″E / 48.25194°N 17.21556°E / 48.25194; 17.21556
Svätý Jur
Sankt Georgen, Szentgyörgy
Town
Kostol svateho juraja.jpg
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Bratislava
District Pezinok
Tourism region Bratislava a okolie
Elevation 180 m (591 ft)
Coordinates 48°15′07″N 17°12′56″E / 48.25194°N 17.21556°E / 48.25194; 17.21556
Area 39.874 km2 (15.395 sq mi)
Population 4,929 (2006-12-31)
Density 124 / km2 (321 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1209
Mayor Alexander Achberger
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 900 21
Area code +421-2
Car plate PK
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Bratislava Region
Location in the Bratislava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Svätý Jur
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.svatyjur.sk

Svätý Jur (German: Sankt Georgen, Hungarian: Szentgyörgy) is a small town northeast of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. The name means Saint George, and the town's coat of arms shows the saint killing the dragon. Between 1960 and 1990, the Communist government forced the town to use a "non-religious" name Jur pri Bratislave. Svätý Jur has a population of almost 5,000.

Geography[edit]

Svätý Jur is situated in the Pezinok District of the Bratislava Region in southwestern Slovakia. The surrounding areas include large vineyards in the nearby Little Carpathians and the unique Šúr swamps, a protected area.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations date the original settlement to the Hallstatt period and the Quadi period.

In the 9th century, a Great Moravian castle was built here. Svätý Jur was first mentioned in a written source in 1209 and received a town charter in 1299. It became a royal free town in the Kingdom of Hungary in 1647.

Defensive city walls were constructed between 1603 and 1664, but Svätý Jur was devastated by the Ottoman Turks in their invasion of 1663. The Ottoman troops also destroyed the White Castle (Slovak: Biely Kameň), which had been an important administrative center of the region until then.

In the 18th century, the Hungarian government recruited German farmers to repopulate the area. To encourage migration, it allowed the Germans to keep their language and religion in order to develop farmland for cultivation and produce. Through the 19th century and into the 20th century, the population of this area was largely ethnic German, although by that time they spoke an archaic form of German. They were known as Danube Swabians. In part because Nazi Germany used the eastern ethnic German communities as an excuse for its wars of expansion in eastern Europe, after World War II, ethnic Germans were forcefully expelled to Germany and other Western countries.

In 1840, the first (horse) railway in the Kingdom of Hungary was built from Bratislava to Svätý Jur.

Landmarks[edit]

The most remarkable historical monument is the Gothic church of St. George, built in the 13th century. The sandstone altar from 1527 is an example of a transition between the Gothic and Renaissance styles. The stained glass windows were designed by Janko Alexy in 1950. The wooden bell tower from the 17th century protects a bell from 1400. The bell cracked due to a fire in 1802 and after repair in 1848 was damaged again. There is a fame that this bell was buried during the period of the Ottoman raids and was accidentally found by a rooting pig afterwards.

A Great Moravian castle was built in the 9th century and it was abandoned in the 14th century. 1,693 metres of the walls have been preserved, but their height is now lower than the original 10 metres.

Other places of interest include a Renaissance manor house, a Baroque church of Trinity, a Piarist monastery from 1720, and the ruins of the city walls.

Svätý Jur is also well known for the largest raceway in Slovakia.

Biely Kameň Castle[edit]

Ruins of Biely Kameň Castle

The castle of Biely Kameň was mentioned for the first time in 1217.

It was the seat of the counts of Svätý Jur until 1609, when they moved to a more comfortable manor house in the town. The castle was partially destroyed by an Ottoman raid in 1663.

The ruins are still visible.

Population[edit]

In 2006, Svätý Jur had a population of 5,186. According to the 2001 census, 97.5% of inhabitants were Slovaks. The Roman Catholicism is the most popular religion (72.5%), but there is also a significant number of atheists (15.9%) living in the village.[1]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html Municipal Statistics from the Statistical Office of the Slovak republic
A panoramatic view of Svätý Jur