Svínoy

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Svínoy
Island
Stamp FR 350 of Postverk Føroya (issued: 25 May 1999; photo: Per á Hædd)
Stamp FR 350 of Postverk Føroya (issued: 25 May 1999; photo: Per á Hædd)
Location within the Faroe Islands
Location within the Faroe Islands
Coordinates: 62°16′N 6°22′W / 62.267°N 6.367°W / 62.267; -6.367Coordinates: 62°16′N 6°22′W / 62.267°N 6.367°W / 62.267; -6.367
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Faroe Islands
Area
 • Total 27.1 km2 (10.5 sq mi)
Area rank 10
Highest elevation 586 m (1,923 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 52
 • Density 1.9/km2 (5.0/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC+1)
Calling code 298

Svínoy (Danish: Svinø) is an island located in the north-east of the Faroe Islands, to the east of Borðoy and Viðoy. It takes its name from Old Norse, Svíney, meaning "Swine Isle". Svinoy also refers to a section of the ocean where North Atlantic water flows into the Norwegian Sea.[1] There is a similarly named island, Swona, in the Orkney Islands.

Geography[edit]

Svínoy is divided into two unequally sized peninsulas. The coast is mostly steep slopes and cliffs, including the 345 m precipice of Eysturhøvdi on the north coast. It has only one settlement, also named Svínoy, where all the inhabitants live.

Important Bird Area[edit]

The coastline of the island has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International because of its significance as a breeding site for seabirds, especially European Storm Petrels (25,000 pairs), Atlantic Puffins (10,000 pairs) and Black Guillemots (100 pairs).[2]

Mountains[edit]

Map of Svinoy

There are seven mountains on Svínoy:

# Name Height
1. Havnartindur 586 m
2. Keldufjall 463 m
2. Knúkur, vestari 463 m
4. Knúkur 460 m
5. Múlin 443 m
6. Middagur 422 m
7. Eysturhøvdi 344 m

History[edit]

  • 975 Viking Chief Svínoyar-Bjarni is mentioned in the Færeyinga Saga. A headstone in the church is assumed to be Bjarni's memorial stone.
  • 1583 Jacob Eudensen from Svinoy was the last person in the Faroe Islands to be condemned to death for heresy; he had refused to renounce his Catholic faith and convert to Lutheranism.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Norwegian Sea. Eds.Peter Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for science and the Environment. Washington DC
  2. ^ BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Svínoy. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-02-24.

External links[edit]