|This article does not cite any references or sources. (June 2013)|
|City of district significance|
Svaliava Center. Main Street view.
|• Mayor||Ivan Lanyo|
|• City of district significance||16,903|
|• Density||1,626.720/km2 (4,213.19/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Svaliava (Ukrainian: Свалява) is a city located on the Latorytsia River in the Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Svaliava Raion (district). In the city, on the river Latorica situated island Martha-Margarita (Ukrainian: острів Марта-Маргарита).
- Ukrainians (94.5%)
- Russians (1.5%)
- Hungarians (0.7%)
- Slovaks (0.6%)
According to the census of 1910, 47.1% of the population was Greek Catholic, 26.2% Jewish and 22.9% Roman Catholic. The Jewish population was deported to Auschwitz by the Hungarian government in May 1944 and murdered by the Germans.
After the second World War a concentration camp was working near the town. Hungarian and German-born civilians (born between 1896 and 1926) were carried off by Soviet forces to the camp purely on the basis of their nationality. They were ordered to report for "malenkij robot" (a corrupted Russian for "small work"), but most of them – more than 10 thousands deportees were killed in the camp. The site of the camp is now a memorial park established in 1994.