20 April 1955 |
|Institutions||Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology|
|Alma mater||Uppsala University|
|Notable awards||Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize (1992)
Member of the Order of
the Pour le Mérite, civil class (2008)
Kistler Prize (2009)
Great Cross of Merit with star (2009)
Svante Pääbo (born 20 April 1955) is a Swedish biologist specializing in evolutionary genetics. He was born in 1955 in Stockholm to Sune Bergström, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John R. Vane in 1982, and his mother, Estonian chemist Karin Pääbo.
He earned his PhD from Uppsala University in 1986. Since 1997, he has been director of the Department of Genetics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.
Pääbo is known as one of the founders of paleogenetics, a discipline that uses the methods of genetics to study early humans and other ancient populations. In 1997, Pääbo and colleagues reported their successful sequencing of Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), originating from a specimen found in Feldhofer grotto in the Neander valley.
In February 2009, at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), it was announced that the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology had completed the first draft version of the Neanderthal genome. Over 3 billion base pairs were sequenced in collaboration with the 454 Life Sciences Corporation. This project, led by Pääbo, will shed new light on the recent evolutionary history of modern humans.
In March 2010, Pääbo and his coworkers published a report about the DNA analysis of a finger bone found in the Denisova Cave in Siberia; the results suggest that the bone belonged to an extinct member of the genus Homo that had not yet been recognized, the Denisova hominin.
In May 2010, Pääbo and his colleagues published a draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome in the journal Science. He and his team also concluded that there was probably interbreeding between Neanderthals and Eurasian (but not African) humans. There is growing support in the scientific community for this theory of admixture between archaic and anatomically-modern humans, though some archaeologists remain skeptical about this conclusion.[dated info][better source needed]
Awards and recognitions
In 1992, he received the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which is the highest honour awarded in German research. Pääbo was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 2000. In October 2009 the Foundation For the Future announced that Pääbo had been awarded the 2009 Kistler Prize for his work isolating and sequencing ancient DNA, beginning in 1984 with a 2,400-year-old mummy. In June 2010 the Federation of European Biochemical Societies awarded him the Theodor Bücher Medal for outstanding achievements in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. In 2013, he received Gruber Prize in Genetics for ground breaking research in evolutionary genetics.
- Kolbert, Elizabeth, Sleeping with the Enemy, The New Yorker. 15 August 2011
- Gitschier, J. (2008). "Imagine: An Interview with Svante Pääbo". PLoS Genetics 4 (3): e1000035. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000035. PMC 2274957. PMID 18369454.
- Zagorski, N. (2006). "Profile of Svante Paabo". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (37): 13575–13577. doi:10.1073/pnas.0606596103. PMC 1564240. PMID 16954182.
- Dickman, S. (1998). "Svante Pääbo: Pushing ancient DNA to the limit". Current Biology 8 (10): R329–R330. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(98)70212-X. PMID 9601629.
- Shute, N. (2003). "Portrait: Svante Paabo. The human factor". U.S. News & world report 134 (2): 62–63. PMID 12561700.
- "Svante Paabo at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- Krings, M; Stone, A; Schmitz, Rw; Krainitzki, H; Stoneking, M; Pääbo, S (July 1997). "Neandertal DNA sequences and the origin of modern humans". Cell 90 (1): 19–30. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80310-4. ISSN 0092-8674. PMID 9230299.
- Enard, W.; Przeworski, M.; Fisher, S. E.; Lai, C. S. L.; Wiebe, V.; Kitano, T.; Monaco, A. P.; Pääbo, S. (2002). "Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language". Nature 418 (6900): 869–872. doi:10.1038/nature01025. PMID 12192408.
- Venter, J. C. (2007). "Time 100 scientists & thinkers. Svante Paabo". Time 169 (20): 116. PMID 17536326.
- Krause, J.; Fu, Q.; Good, J. M.; Viola, B.; Shunkov, M. V.; Derevianko, A. P.; Pääbo, S. (2010). "The complete mitochondrial DNA genome of an unknown hominin from southern Siberia". Nature 464 (7290): 894–897. doi:10.1038/nature08976. PMID 20336068.
- Green, R. E.; Krause, J.; Briggs, A. W.; Maricic, T.; Stenzel, U.; Kircher, M.; Patterson, N.; Li, H.; Zhai, W.; Fritz, M. H. Y.; Hansen, N. F.; Durand, E. Y.; Malaspinas, A. S.; Jensen, J. D.; Marques-Bonet, T.; Alkan, C.; Prüfer, K.; Meyer, M.; Burbano, H. A.; Good, J. M.; Schultz, R.; Aximu-Petri, A.; Butthof, A.; Höber, B.; Höffner, B.; Siegemund, M.; Weihmann, A.; Nusbaum, C.; Lander, E. S.; Russ, C. (2010). "A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome". Science 328 (5979): 710–722. doi:10.1126/science.1188021. PMID 20448178..
- Rincon, Paul (6 May 2010). "Neanderthal genes 'survive in us'". BBC. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Lalueza-Fox C & Gilbert MTP (2011). Paleogenomics of Archaic Hominins. Current Biology, 21 (24): R1002-R1009.
- Wade, Nicholas (7 May 2010). "Signs of Neanderthals Mating With Humans". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Foundation For the Future has selected Dr. Svante Pääbo as the 2009 winner of the Kistler Prize.". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "FEBS MEDALS: The Theodor Bücher Lecture and Medal". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "Gruber Genetics Prize for Svante Pääbo". MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Pääbo, Svante (November 1993). "Ancient DNA". Scientific American 269 (5): 60–66.
- "Svante Paabo publications in PubMed". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "Svante Paabo publications in Google Scholar". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "Edge: Mapping the Neanderthal Genome - A Conversation With Svante Pääbo". Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- Candee, Marjorie Dent; Block, Maxine; Rothe, Anna Herthe (2007). Current biography yearbook. New York: H. W. Wilson. ISBN 0-8242-1084-0.
- Harold M. Schmeck Jr (16 April 1985). "Intact Genetic Material Extracted from an Ancient Egyptian Mummy". New York Times. (This article shows Pääbo to be the first one to extract DNA from a thousands year dead human—not Bryan Sykes who claimed to be in his books)
- Kolbert, Elizabeth. "Sleeping with the Enemy: What happened between the Neanderthals and us?". The New Yorker (August 15 & 22, 2011): pp.64–75.