Svealand

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Svealand
Sweden's historical four lands.

Svealand (About this sound listen ), Swealand or (rarely or historically) Sweden proper[1] is the historical core region of Sweden. It is located in south central Sweden and is one of three lands of Sweden, bounded to the north by Norrland and to the south by Götaland. Deep forests, Tiveden, Tylöskog, Kolmården, separated Svealand from Götaland. Historically, its inhabitants were called Svear, whereof an English version is the Swea.

Svealand consists of the capital region Mälardalen in the east, Roslagen in the north-east, the former mining district Bergslagen in the center, and Dalarna and Värmland in the west.

The older name of Sweden in Swedish, Svea rike (modern spelling: Sverige) or the "Realm of the Swedes", "Swea Region", originally only referred to Svealand. Other forms are Sweoðeod (Old Norse/Icelandic Svíþjóð), and Sweorice. As the domains of the Swedish kings grew, the name Svealand began to be used to separate the original territory from the new.

Provinces[edit]

Dalarna Närke Södermanland
Uppland Värmland Västmanland

Svealand is made up of the following six provinces:

Stockholm, the Swedish capital, is located in both Uppland and Södermanland, and a border stone can be found in the street Västerlånggatan in Stockholm Old Town (Gamla stan).

Counties[edit]

Svealand. Värmland was counted to Götaland until the 19th century, which is indicated on the map by a darker shade.

Administratively, nowadays Sweden is not divided into provinces but into counties (see Län). Although Svealand is defined in terms of the historical provinces and not the counties, it roughly comprises the modern counties of Dalarna, Örebro, Södermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Värmland and Västmanland.

History[edit]

Svealand was the original Sweden, to which it gave its name. This is supported by linguistics and is based on early medieval sources, such as the sagas. In Old Norse and in Old English, Svealand and Sweden are synonymous, and described as a separate country from Götaland/Gautland/Geatland.

A campaign to the east started by the kings of Svealand during the 12th century eventually conquered the provinces of Österland, an older name for Finland.

In the early Middle Ages the modern province of Gästrikland was part of Tiundaland, one of the three constituent parts of the modern province of Uppland, and therefore counted as a part of Svealand.

For a time in the early 19th century, the province of Värmland belonged to the Court of Appeal for Svealand. Even though Värmland historically belonged to Götaland (from 1815 until a new court, Hovrätten för Västra Sverige, was instituted), it has by custom long been considered part of Svealand.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No document found". Perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  2. ^ "Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum í Dana ok Svíaveldi". Snerpa.is. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  3. ^ "Hervarar saga og Heiđreks". Snerpa.is. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Svealand at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 60°52′00″N 14°44′00″E / 60.8667°N 14.7333°E / 60.8667; 14.7333