Sven Kramer

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Sven Kramer
Sven Kramer 2007.jpg
Sven Kramer during the World Allround Championships in Heerenveen in 2007
Personal information
Born (1986-04-23) 23 April 1986 (age 28)
Heerenveen, Netherlands
Height 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Weight 83 kg (183 lb; 13.1 st)
Website www.svenkramer.nl
Sport
Country Netherlands
Sport Speed skating
Turned pro 2003

Sven Kramer (Dutch pronunciation: [svɛn ˈkraːmər]; born 23 April 1986) is a Dutch long track speed skater. He is the Olympic champion of the 5000 meter in Vancouver 2010, as well in Sochi 2014, six-time European, and six-time World Allround Champion. He is also three-time world champion and world record holder in the 5000 m, 10000 m, and the team pursuit (the latter alongside Jan Blokhuijsen and Koen Verweij). Before Shani Davis he was first in the Adelskalender;[1] as of 7 March 2009, he is second behind Davis. Winning the 2010 World Allround Championship, he was the first speed skater in history to win four consecutive world allround championships, and eight consecutive international allround championships. In 2013 he became the second speed skater to win six European allround championships, after compatriot Rintje Ritsma.

Personal life[edit]

Sven Kramer was born on 23 April 1986 in Heerenveen, Friesland, Netherlands. He is the son of former speed skater Yep Kramer, and the four-year-older brother of speed skater Brecht Kramer. He is a born Frisian.[2]

Since 2007 he has been in a relationship with Dutch hockeyplayer Naomi van As.

Speed skating career[edit]

Junior career[edit]

In the 2004 season he came in second at the Junior allround world championships.

In December 2004 he won the Dutch Allround Championships at just 18 years old and thus qualified for the European Allround Championships for the first time, where he won the silver medal. At the World Allround Championships 2005 he came third. At the end of that season he signed a contract with the Dutch TVM-team.

Kramer set a new world record for the 5000 m in Salt Lake City on 19 November 2005, when he was 19 years old. With his time of 6:08.78 he also entered the top 10 of the all-time world ranking, the Adelskalender. That season he became the Junior Allround champion.

Kramer stopped skating in the junior competition and became a senior speed skater when he was 20 years old.

Season 2005–2006[edit]

On 11 February 2006, he won the silver medal in the 5000 m at the 2006 Winter Olympic in Turin.[3] Kramer also participated in the team pursuit event. The Dutch team was favourite and was leading Italy by nearly a full second in their semifinal match-up, but Kramer stepped on a block and fell, taking Carl Verheijen with him. In the race for bronze, they defeated Norway, giving Kramer his second medal of the Games.

Kramer also competed in two other distances, the 1500 and the 10000 meter. Due to a screw in his skate that broke just a few minutes before his race, Kramer came in 15th at the 1500. The 10000 meters did not go as planned at all and he finished in 7th. Afterward, Kramer stepped on the concrete with his skates in his frustration, damaging the blades.

During the 2006 European Allround Championships in Hamar, Kramer got to the fourth place after a tournament full of accidents. On the first day, the ice melted and the skaters had to wait until later in the evening to continue skating.

During the 2006 World Allround Championships in Calgary, Kramer set a new world record in the 10000 m with a time of 12:51.60. Kramer won both the two longest distances of the tournament, but had to settle for bronze overall.

Season 2006–2007[edit]

In the 2006–2007 season, Kramer won the first two 5000 m world cup races, the second in 6:09.78, just outside his world record time. In December 2006 he again became national allround champion, where a personal record in the 500 m, his weakest distance, gave him great prospects for the international allround championships.

On 14 January 2007, Kramer was crowned European Allround Champion in Collalbo, Italy. There had been a tight battle between Kramer and the 2006 winner Enrico Fabris. Fabris had won the two shorter and Kramer the two longer distances, but his overall score was lower than Fabris' (148.800 to 149.389). In addition, his times in the 5 and 10 km were new world records for outdoor skating. By skating a new personal best in the 1500 m Kramer overtook fellow Dutchman Jochem Uytdehaage and Enrico Fabris on the Adelskalender. On the Adelskalender he was ranked first as of 17 November 2007.

On 11 February 2007, Kramer became World Allround Champion for the first time. He skated the 500 m and the 10 km in personal bests, the latter in a new world record of 12:49.88.

At the World Championships of 2007 in Salt Lake City, Kramer participated in the 5000, 10000 meters and the team pursuit. He won three out of three, the 10000 and the team pursuit in world records.

Kramer became Skater of the year. The female skater of the year was Ireen Wüst.[4]

Season 2007–2008[edit]

In the first competition of the season Fabris beat Kramer on the 5000 meter and Fabris set a new world record, 6.07,40. A week later Kramer got his world record back and brought it to 6.03,32.

In Kolomna, Russia, Kramer won the European Allround Championship for the second time.

On 10 February, Kramer became World Allround Champion in Berlin, Germany, also for the second time.

During the Essent ISU World Cup in Hamar (Norway) Kramer was awarded the Oscar Mathisen Award[5] mainly due to the four world records he skated during 2007. Kramer skated four distances: 1500, 5000, 10000 meter, and the team pursuit. On the 1500 meter Kramer skated a good race and placed second, ahead of Olympic Champion Enrico Fabris and Shani Davis. Denny Morrison from Canada won the race. On the 5000 and 10000 meter distances, and the team pursuit, Kramer won three gold medals, just like the year before.

Kramer became Skater of the year for the second time in a row. The female skater of the year was Paulien van Deutekom.

Season 2008–2009[edit]

At the national single distance championships in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 1500, 5000 and the 10000 meters; by winning these three distances he brought his national titles total up to 11.

He won gold at the national allround championships in Heerenveen and at the European allround championships in Heerenveen. At the world single distance championships in Vancouver Kramer won gold on the 5000 and 10000 meter, and the team pursuit.

Kramer won gold at the world allround championships in Hamar.

For the third time, he was chosen as "skater of the year" in the Netherlands and received the Ard Schenk Award.[6]

Season 2009–2010[edit]

Sven Kramer at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver

At the national championships for single distances in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 5000 and the 10000 metres. He failed to qualify for the World Cup for the 1500 metres.

At the European allround championships in Hamar in January 2010 Kramer won gold. He became the all-round European champion for the fourth year in a row.[7] He won the final 10000 metre race from the Italian Enrico Fabris, who ended second in the overall rankings. Russia's Ivan Skobrev came third.

At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Kramer was the favourite to win three gold medals, like his countryman Ard Schenk at the 1972 Olympics in Sapporo.[8] At the 5000 metres race of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Kramer grabbed the gold medal with a new Olympic record of 6:14.60, beating the previous time of Jochem Uytdehaage by 0.06 second.[9][10] He finished ahead of South Korean Lee Seung-hoon and Russian Ivan Skobrev, leaving four Olympic champions, Shani Davis, Enrico Fabris, Chad Hedrick and Bob de Jong, empty-handed.

Shortly after his 5000m victory, an NBC affiliated reporter asked Kramer to say his name, country and what he'd just won, to which Kramer replied "Are you stupid? Hell no, I'm not gonna do that."[11]

In the 10000 meter finals, Kramer finished first, with a time of 12:54.50, only to be disqualified for failing to change lanes during one of the later laps. As a result, Lee Seung-hoon won gold with a new Olympic record, 12:58.55.[12] The lane change mistake was caused by incorrect directions shouted to Kramer by his coach, Gerard Kemkers, near the end of the race.[13][14]

At the national championships, only shortly after the Olympic games in Vancouver, Kramer didn't compete. After the Olympics in Vancouver he needed to rest to recover for the World Allround Championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March.[15]

At the World allround championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March 2010, Kramer won an unprecedented fourth consecutive title.[16] In the general classification after three distances, he ranked number 2, but in the final 10K race he skated 12:57.97 which was more than enough to pass Jonathan Kuck who was leading the overall classification before the start.[17] Kuck ended number 2, Håvard Bøkko third. It also was Kramer's 8th consecutive championship title in European and World allround championship, another unprecedented feat.

Kramer became Skater of the year for the fourth time in a row. The female skater of the year was Ireen Wüst.[18]

Season 2010–2011[edit]

Kramer did not participate this season because of an injury to one of the nerves (neuropathy) in his leg.[19][20]

Season 2011–2012[edit]

In the 2011–2012 season Kramer returned to professional speed skating. He completed the European allround championships in Budapest in first place, claiming his fifth European allround championship.

At the world allround championships in Moscow he also finished in first place claiming his fifth championship.[21]

Season 2012–2013[edit]

Kramer won the European allround championships in Heerenveen in January for a record sixth time. He shares the record with Rintje Ritsma.

Kramer also won the World Allround Championships in Hamar in February for a record sixth time.

Season 2013–2014[edit]

Sven Kramer (center) won gold at the 5000 m in Sochi

In preparation for the Winter Olympics, Kramer chose not to compete in the European allround championship.

At the 2014 Winter Olympics, Kramer won gold at the 5000 m with an olympic record of 6:10.76.[22] Kramer also won silver in the 10000 m.[23] He withdrew from the 1500 m.

Records[edit]

Personal best times[edit]

Personal records
Men's speed skating
Distance Time Date Location Notes
500 m 36.17 27 December 2009 Netherlands
Heerenveen
1000 m 1:10.57 30 January 2012 Germany
Inzell
Training [24]
1000 m 1:10.83 15 October 2008 Germany
Inzell
1500 m 1:43.54 11 December 2009 United States
Salt Lake City
3000 m 3:40.51 6 February 2010 Canada
Richmond
5000 m 6:03.32 17 November 2007 Canada
Calgary
Also the world record [25]
10000 m 12:41.69 10 March 2007 United States
Salt Lake City
Also the world record [25]
Team pursuit 3:35.60 16 November 2013 United States
Salt Lake City
Also the world record [25]
With Koen Verweij and Jan Blokhuijsen

Source: SpeedskatingResults.com[26]

World records[edit]

Currently held[edit]

Distance Time Date Location Avg. speed
5000 m 6:03.32 17 November 2007 Canada
Calgary
49.54 km/h
10000 m 12:41.69 10 March 2007 United States
Salt Lake City
47.26 km/h
Team pursuit 3:35.60 16 November 2013 United States
Salt Lake City[note 1]
53.43 km/h
Notes
  1. ^ Together with Koen Verweij and Jan Blokhuijsen.

Source: www.isu.org[27]

Progression[edit]

Distance Time Date Location
5000 m 6:08.78 19 November 2005 United States Salt Lake City
10000 m 12:51.61 19 March 2006 Canada Calgary
10000 m 12:49.88 11 February 2007 Netherlands Heerenveen
5000 m 6:07.48 3 March 2007 Canada Calgary
10000 m 12:41.69 10 March 2007 United States Salt Lake City
Team pursuit 3:37.80 11 March 2007 United States Salt Lake City[note 1]
5000 m 6:03.32 17 November 2007 Canada Calgary
Team pursuit 3:37.17 9 November 2013 Canada Calgary[note 2]
Team pursuit 3:35.60 16 November 2013 United States Salt Lake City[note 3]
Notes
  1. ^ Together with Carl Verheijen and Erben Wennemars.
  2. ^ Together with Koen Verweij and Jan Blokhuijsen.
  3. ^ Together with Koen Verweij and Jan Blokhuijsen.

Olympic records[edit]

Distance Time Date Location Avg. speed
5000 m 6:10.76 9 February 2014 Russia
Sochi
48.55 km/h
Team pursuit 3:37.71 22 February 2014 Russia
Sochi

Source: Vancouver 2010 [28] [29]

Tournament summary[edit]

Season Dutch Allround European Allround World Allround Dutch Distance World Distance Olympische Spelen
Olympics
World Juniors
03/04 Silver medal icon.svg
04/05 Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg 16th 1500 m
4th 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg
05/06 np 4th Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg 1500 m
Silver medal icon.svg 5000 m
Silver medal icon.svg 10000 m
15th 1500 m
Silver medal icon.svg 5000 m
7th 10000 m
Bronze medal icon.svg team pursuit
06/07 Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
07/08 Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Silver medal icon.svg 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
08/09 Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
8th 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
09/10 np Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg 10th 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
13th 1500 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
DSQ 10000 m
Bronze medal icon.svg team pursuit
10/11 NP NP NP NP NP
11/12 np Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg 5000 m
Bronze medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
12/13 Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Silver medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
13/14 Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg 5000 m
Silver medal icon.svg 10000 m
Gold medal icon.svg team pursuit
- = no participation Kramer is senior speed skater since 2006 and does not participate at junior tournaments anymore.
NP = no participation because of an injury to one of the nerves (neuropathy) in his leg

Source: SchaatsStatistieken.nl[30]

In the World Cup, Kramer has 30 individual victories and 8 team pursuit victories; he also won the long distance World Cup in the 2006–07 and 2008–09 season. He won the overall team pursuit World Cup in 2006–07 and 2007–08.

In the 2007/2008 season, Sven won world cup races in Calgary (Canada), Heerenveen (Netherlands, 1500 and 5000 meters), Hamar (Norway), and the world cup final in Heerenveen. He was not ranked first on the 5000 meters ranking, because he did not skate as many races as Håvard Bøkko, who skated all six world cup races.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evert Stenlund (15 February 2010). "Adelskalendern". evertstenlund.se. Retrieved 2010-02-16. 
  2. ^ Frisian Kramer
  3. ^ "Sven Kramer Biography". www.sports-reference.com. Retrieved 12/02/2010. 
  4. ^ "Kramer en Wüst – natúúrlijk- schaatsers van het jaar". schaatsen.blog.nl. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  5. ^ "Oscar Winners". www.skateresults.com. Retrieved 12/02/2010. 
  6. ^ "Kramer voor derde keer de beste". Telegraaf. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  7. ^ "Dutch skater wins fourth European title". www.rnw.nl. 10 January 2010. Retrieved 12/02/2010. 
  8. ^ "Sven Kramer takes speed skating gold and Olympic record". BBC News. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "Speed skater Kramer wins first Olympic gold". NRC Handelsblad. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  10. ^ "Dutch sensation Kramer claims 5000m gold". Olympics on NBC. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  11. ^ Deena (18 February 2010). "Sven Kramer To Reporter "Are You Stupid?"". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 05/03/2010. 
  12. ^ "Lee wins gold; Kramer DQed for not switching lanes". ESPN. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  13. ^ Crouse, Karen (23 February 2010). "Dutchman Loses Gold and a Record". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  14. ^ Robertson, Grant (23 February 2010). "Blunder costs Kramer Olympic gold". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  15. ^ "Kramer slaat NK allround in Heerenveen over". AD. 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  16. ^ "World Speedskating Championships". Toronto SUN. 2010-03-21. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  17. ^ "Essent ISU World Allround Speed Skating Championships 2010". ISU. 2010-03-21. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  18. ^ Liesbeth Kombrink (23 March 2010). "Kramer en Wüst schaatsers van het jaar 2010". schaatsen.blog.nl. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  19. ^ "Sven kwam slecht uit olympisch jaar". De telegraaf. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "Thigh Injury Ends Olympic Champion Kramer's Season". AustraliaNews.com.au. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  21. ^ "Record fifth title for Kramer; Wust successfully defends hers". www.morethanthegames.co.uk. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  22. ^ Paul Newberry, "Kramer shakes off pressure, wins another 5000 gold", The Washington Post, 2014. Retrieved on 18 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Men's 10000 m : Speed Skating Men's 10000 m". Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics. http://www.sochi2014.com/. Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
  24. ^ Personal record Kramer at 1000 meter schaatsen.nl
  25. ^ a b c Current World Records Ice speed Skating
  26. ^ "Sven Kramer". speedskatingresults.com. Retrieved 27 February 2012. 
  27. ^ "Current speed skating records". www.isu.org. Retrieved 12/02/2010. 
  28. ^ "Speed skating, Men's 5000 m". 2010 Winter Olympics. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  29. ^ "Speed skating, Men's team pursuit". 2010 Winter Olympics. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  30. ^ "Sven Kramer" (in dutch). SchaatsStatistieken.nl. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Sven Kramer". SpeedSkatingStats.com. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Chad Hedrick
Enrico Fabris
Men's 5,000 m speed skating World Record Holder
19 November 2005 – 10 November 2007
17 November 2007 – present
Succeeded by
Enrico Fabris
Current holder
Preceded by
Chad Hedrick
Men's 10,000 m speed skating World Record Holder
19 March 2006 – present
Current holder
Preceded by
Arne Dankers, Steven Elm, Denny Morrison
Men's team pursuit speed skating World Record Holder
11 March 2007 – present
With: Carl Verheijen, Erben Wennemars (2007–2013)
Jan Blokhuijsen, Koen Verweij (2013–present)
Current holder
Awards
Preceded by
Cindy Klassen
Oscar Mathisen Award
2007
Succeeded by
Jeremy Wotherspoon
Preceded by
Theo Bos
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
2007
Succeeded by
Maarten van der Weijden
Preceded by
Bob de Jong
Stefan Groothuis
Ard Schenk Award
2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
2013
Succeeded by
Bob de Jong
Most recent