Sverdrup Mountains

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Sverdrup Mountains
Antarctica, Norway territorial claim.svg
Map depicting the territorial extent of Queen Maud Land
Highest point
Peak Mount Krüger
Elevation 8,711 ft (2,655 m)
Coordinates 72°20′S 01°00′E / 72.333°S 1.000°E / -72.333; 1.000Coordinates: 72°20′S 01°00′E / 72.333°S 1.000°E / -72.333; 1.000
Naming
Native name Sverdrupfjella
Geography
Continent Antarctica
State/Province Queen Maud Land, East Antarctica
Parent range Fimbulheimen

The Sverdrup Mountains (Norwegian: Sverdrupfjella) are a group of mountains about 50 miles (80 km) long, standing just west of the Gjelsvik Mountains in Queen Maud Land, East Antarctica. With its summit at 2,655 metres (8,711 ft), the massive Mount Krüger forms the highest point in the Sverdrup Mountains.

Discovery and naming[edit]

First photographed from the air and roughly plotted by the Third German Antarctic Expedition (3rd GAE), 1938–1939. Mapped in detail by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the Norwegian–British–Swedish Antarctic Expedition (NBSAE), and again by a later Norwegian expedition. Named for Harald Sverdrup, Chairman of the Norwegian Committee for the NBSAE.[1]

Norwegian–British–Swedish Antarctic Expedition[edit]

Norwegian–British–Swedish Antarctic Expedition (NBSAE), 1949–1952

Norwegian Expedition[edit]

Luncke Expedition, 1958–1959

List of important geographical features of the Sverdrup Mountains[edit]

Sverdrup Mountains is located in Antarctica
Sverdrup Mountains
Sverdrup Mountains
Map depicting the location of the Sverdrup Mountains in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica
Name of feature Coordinates Altitude Discovery Notes
Alan Peak 72°39′S 00°11′E / 72.650°S 0.183°E / -72.650; 0.183 3rd GAE A peak at the west side of the mouth of Reece Valley, in the southern part of the Sverdrup Mountains. Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named for Alan Reece, geologist of the NBSAE, and earlier with the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS).
Barkley Mountains 72°22′S 01°00′E / 72.367°S 1.000°E / -72.367; 1.000 3rd GAE Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named for Erich Barkley, biologist of the 3rd GAE.
Brattskarvet Mountain 72°06′S 01°27′E / 72.100°S 1.450°E / -72.100; 1.450 2100 meters 3rd GAE Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named Brattskarvet (the steep mountain).
Fuglefjellet 72°17′S 00°46′E / 72.283°S 0.767°E / -72.283; 0.767 3rd GAE 7 nautical miles (13 km) east of Mount Roer. Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named Fuglefjellet (the bird mountain).
Gburek Peaks 72°11′S 00°15′W / 72.183°S 0.250°W / -72.183; -0.250 3rd GAE A group of rocky elevations including Straumsvola Mountain and Jutulrora Mountain, forming the western end of the Sverdrup Mountains. Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named for Leo Gburek, geophysicist of the 3rd GAE.
Hamartind Peak 72°33′S 00°39′E / 72.550°S 0.650°E / -72.550; 0.650
Isingen Mountain 72°23′S 01°04′E / 72.383°S 1.067°E / -72.383; 1.067
Joungane Peaks 72°04′S 00°17′W / 72.067°S 0.283°W / -72.067; -0.283
Jutulrora Mountain 72°15′S 00°27′W / 72.250°S 0.450°W / -72.250; -0.450
Kvitho Peak 72°29′S 01°13′E / 72.483°S 1.217°E / -72.483; 1.217
Kvithovden Peak 72°22′S 00°45′E / 72.367°S 0.750°E / -72.367; 0.750
Kvitkjolen Ridge
Kvitsvodene Valley
Mount Brandt 72°10′S 01°07′E / 72.167°S 1.117°E / -72.167; 1.117
Mount Krüger 72°36′S 00°57′E / 72.600°S 0.950°E / -72.600; 0.950 2655 meters 3rd GAE The summit of Krügerfjellet, 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Kvitho Peak, is the highest point in the Sverdrup Mountains.[2][3] Named for Walter Krüger, meteorological assistant on the 3rd GAE.
Mount Roer 72°18′S 00°21′E / 72.300°S 0.350°E / -72.300; 0.350
Nupskapa Peak 72°43′S 00°16′E / 72.717°S 0.267°E / -72.717; 0.267
Oppkuven Peak 72°37′S 00°24′E / 72.617°S 0.400°E / -72.617; 0.400
Paulsen Mountains 72°10′S 01°21′E / 72.167°S 1.350°E / -72.167; 1.350 3rd GAE A group of mountains including Brattskarvet Mountain, Vendeholten Mountain and Tverrveggen Ridge, located in the northern part of the Sverdrup Mountains. Named for Karl-Heinz Paulsen, oceanographer on the expedition.
Rogstad Glacier
Romlingane Peaks 72°11′S 01°08′E / 72.183°S 1.133°E / -72.183; 1.133
Salknappen Peak 72°19′S 01°02′E / 72.317°S 1.033°E / -72.317; 1.033
Snarby Peak 72°02′S 01°37′E / 72.033°S 1.617°E / -72.033; 1.617
Sorhausane Peaks 72°47′S 00°15′E / 72.783°S 0.250°E / -72.783; 0.250
Storjoen Peak 72°07′S 00°12′W / 72.117°S 0.200°W / -72.117; -0.200
Straumsvola Mountain 72°07′S 00°20′W / 72.117°S 0.333°W / -72.117; -0.333
Tverrveggen Ridge 72°17′S 01°20′E / 72.283°S 1.333°E / -72.283; 1.333 3rd GAE Remapped by Norwegian cartographers from surveys and aerial photographs taken by the NBSAE and later by the NE. Named Tverrveggen (the transverse wall).
Tvora 72°10′S 00°05′W / 72.167°S 0.083°W / -72.167; -0.083
Vendeholten Mountain 72°12′S 01°20′E / 72.200°S 1.333°E / -72.200; 1.333

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Sverdrup Mountains" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).