Svetac

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Sveti Andrija
Native name: Štondrija
Nickname: Svetac
SvAndrej.jpg
Svetac from Komiža
Croatia - Svetac.PNG
Geography
Location Adriatic Sea
Coordinates Coordinates: 43°01′33″N 15°44′56″E / 43.0257402900°N 15.7489017300°E / 43.0257402900; 15.7489017300
Archipelago Vis archipelago
Area 4.19 km2 (1.62 sq mi)
Highest elevation 316 m (1,037 ft)
Highest point Kosa
Country
County Split-Dalmatia

Sveti Andrija (Croatian for Saint Andrew), often called Svetac (Croatian for saint) is an island in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea. It is situated 14 nautical miles (26 km) from Komiža (a town on the island of Vis). It is uninhabited, although it used to have permanent residents. Remains of Byzantine origin can be found on the island. The population census on Svetac from 1951 was around 60, most of these people are now deceased. All were members of Zanki family who came on the island 260 years ago (in the mid-18th century). The last one of the group who lived there all year round was Antonija Zanki, an elderly woman who died in 2000. Now members of Zanki family effectively live there four to six months a year, still keeping up the houses of their grandfathers, fishing, making famous red wine and olive oil. Most of members of Zanki family who own this, biggest private island in Adriatic, live in Komiža now (14 nm east). Taking the fact that island is in open seas, without any natural protected bay, gives even greater respect to members of this family who managed to survive there for centuries, and furthermore created a special kind of living, especially today.[1]

Near the west coast of the island there is the small island of Kamik, and farther on the open sea there is the volcanic island called Jabuka. About 2.5 km (1.3 nmi)[2] to the southeast there is the small volcanic island of Brusnik.

The island is a breeding ground for a small number of Eleonora's falcons, a rare bird with only c. 80 nesting pairs estimated to live in Croatia.[3] The falcons migrate to Madagascar every September and return to their nests in April.[4]

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