Svetlana Khorkina

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Svetlana Khorkina
— Gymnast —
Хоркина, Светлана.jpg
Svetlana Khorkina in 2009
Personal information
Nickname(s) Sveta
Country represented  Russia
Born (1979-01-19) 19 January 1979 (age 35)
Belgorod, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Height 165 centimetres (5 ft 5 in)
Weight 47 kg (104 lb)
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
Level Senior International Elite
Years on national team 1994-2004
Head coach(es) Boris Vasilevich Pilkin
Assistant coach(es) Anna Pilina
Music

1992: Turkish March by Mozart
1994–1996: Entr'acte to Act IV from Carmen
1997: Poeme by Zdenek Fibich
1998: You Never Can Tell by Chuck Berry
1999: Bésame Mucho by Francis Purcell
2000–2001: Pistolero by Dave Grusin
2002: When I Close My Eyes by Igor Krutoy
2003: Le Temps des Cathédrales and Belle from Notre-Dame de Paris

2004:Goodbye My Love, Goodbye by Demis Roussos
Eponymous skills

Khorkina I (vault) round-off, back-handspring with 12 turn on, 12 turn into back pike off
Khorkina II (vault) round-off, back-handspring with 12 turn on, 1 12 twisting front tuck off
Khorkina I (uneven bars) Back uprise and straddle flight over high bar with 12 turn to hang
Khorkina II (uneven bars) inner front support on low bar, clear hip circle through handstand with 12 turn in flight to hang on high bar
Khorkina/Chow (uneven bars) Stalder 1 12 pirouette
Khorkina I (balance beam) Gainer back-handspring with full twist before hand support
Khorkina II (balance beam) Gainer 2 12 twisting back layout dismount to side or at the end of beam

Khorkina (floor) 1 12 turn in horizontal plan to land in front support
Retired 2004

Svetlana Vasilyevna Khorkina (Russian: Светлана Васильевна Хоркина; born 19 January 1979) is a Russian artistic gymnast. She competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics, the 2000 Summer Olympics, and the 2004 Summer Olympics. Throughout her career, Khorkina won seven Olympic medals and twenty World Championship medals. She was the first gymnast to win three all around titles at the World Championships and is still the only female gymnast ever to do so. She is considered to be one of the most successful female gymnasts of all time.[1]

Senior career[edit]

1994-1996[edit]

In April 1994, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Brisbane, Australia. She placed ninth in the all around with a score of 38.805. In event finals, she placed second on vault scoring 9.800, second on uneven bars scoring 9.875, and eighth on floor scoring 8.487.[2] In November 1994, Khorkina competed at a separate World Team Championships in Dortmund, Germany. She contributed an all around score of 39.450 toward the Russian team's third place finish.[3]

In October 1995, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Sabae, Japan. In the all around final, she placed second with a score of 39.130. In event finals, she placed fifth on vault scoring 9.618 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.900.[4] In April 1996, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in San Juan, Puerto Rico. She placed fifth on vault scoring 9.637 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.787.[5] In May 1996, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Birmingham, United Kingdom. She helped Russia win the silver medal in the team final and individually she placed sixth in the all around final with a score of 38.549. In event finals, she placed fourth on vault scoring 9.725 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.825.[6]

Atlanta Olympics (1996)[edit]

In July 1996, Khorkina competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States. In the team final, she contributed a combined compulsory and optional score of 77.648 toward the Russian team's second place finish.[7] In the all around final, she was in gold medal contention up until her last rotation, the uneven bars. However, she fell, despite it being her best event. As a result, she dropped to fifteenth in the standings with a total score of 38.455. Three days later, Khorkina redeemed herself by winning the gold medal in the uneven bars final with a score of 9.850.[8]

1997-2000[edit]

In September 1997, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland. She helped Russia placed second in the team final and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.636. In event finals, she placed eighth on vault scoring 4.537, first on uneven bars scoring 9.875, second on balance beam scoring 9.787, and second on floor scoring 9.800.[9] In November 1997, Khorkina caused a scandal by posing for the Russian edition of Playboy. She said, “'I changed people's attitudes. It's very good to be sexy. My career made it clear that tall girls can do incredible things. I opened the way. Now I'm famous all over the world.”[10] In May 1998, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in St. Petersburg, Russia. She helped the Russian team finish second and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.624. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.900 and first on floor scoring 9.787.[11]

In October 1999, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Tianjin, China. She helped Russia placed second in the team final and individually she placed twelfth in the all around final with a score of 37.611. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.837 and third on floor scoring 9.787.[12] In May 2000, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Paris, France. She helped the Russian team win the gold medal and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.749. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.837 and first on balance beam scoring 9.837.[13]

Sydney Olympics (2000)[edit]

In September, Khorkina competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. In qualifications, the Russian team placed first[14] and individually Khorkina placed first in the all around with a score of 39.005. She also qualified to the vault, uneven bars, and floor event finals.[15] In the team final, Khorkina contributed an all around score of 38.261 toward the Russian team's second place finish.

In the all around final, Khorkina placed tenth with a score of 37.929.[16] During the final the vault was set five centimeters too low causing many gymnasts to fall including Khorkina. After her bad crash on vault, Khorkina was mentally shaken and fell off the uneven bars. Half way through the competition the error was corrected and the gymnasts who had already vaulted were allowed to vault again but Khorkina refused knowing that it would not put her in medal contention.[17]

In event finals, Khorkina gave up her spot in the vault final to teammate, Elena Zamolodchikova, who ended up winning the gold medal. Khorkina said, "I thought she could win the gold. I'm glad I could give her that opportunity." She then won the uneven bars final with a score of 9.862. About coming back from the disastrous all around final, Khorkina said, "If I didn't get over the disappointment, I wouldn't be Khorkina. I wouldn't be standing here with the gold medal. It still hurts a lot. It was cruel to all the participants, to vault on a nonstandard height. It's quite possible to get killed. The five centimeters could decide the future of a sports person. But I was fortunate to have many people to help me get through it. Tomorrow, I will dance for Russia. I will leave what happened on the vault far behind me, like the North Pole." She then won the silver medal in the floor final with a score of 9.812.[18]

Khorkina received the Order of Honour from Russian President Vladimir Putin on 8 June 2001.

2001-2004[edit]

In October 2001, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Ghent, Belgium. She helped the Russian team win the silver medal and individually she won the all around final with a score of 37.617. In event finals, she placed first on vault scoring 9.412, first on uneven bars scoring 9.437, and third on floor scoring 9.375.[19] In April 2002, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Patras, Greece. She helped Russia win the first place in the team competition and individually she won the all around competition with a score of 37.592. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.550, second on balance beam scoring 9.262, and fifth on floor scoring 9.075.[20] In November 2002, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Debrecen, Hungary. She placed seventh on uneven bars scoring 7.387 and fourth on balance beam scoring 9.462.[21]

In March 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Cup event in Thessaloniki, Greece. She placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.425.[22] In August 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Anaheim, United States. She won the all around final for with a score of 38.124[23] This was the first time a gymnast had won three World all around titles and is still the only time a female gymnast as accomplished it. In November 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Cup event in Stuttgart, Germany. She placed third on vault scoring 9.268, third on uneven bars scoring 9.425, third on balance beam scoring 9.225, and second on floor scoring 9.187.[24] At the end of April 2004, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. She helped the Russian team place third and individually she placed fourth in the all around final with a score of 36.848. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.662, third on balance beam scoring 9.325, and seventh on floor scoring 9.112.[25]

Athens Olympics (2004)[edit]

In August, Khorkina competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. In the team final, she contributed an all around score of 38.062 toward the Russian team's third place finish. In the all around final, she won the silver medal with a score of 38.211 and placed eighth in the uneven bars final with a score of 8.925.[26]

Personal Information[edit]

The sport complex of the Belgorod State University, named in honour of Khorkina, in Belgorod, her native city

Svetlana Khorkina was born on 19 January 1979 to Vasiliy & Lyubov Khorkin. She has a younger sister, Yulia, who was also a gymnast. Khorkina said, "As a child, I was very picky with my food. My mother hoped, that if she puts me into gymnastics, I would start eating breakfast without frowning, after having spent a lot of energy in the gym. This is how, by simple nutritional reasons, I started my gymnastics career at the age of four."[27]

At 5’5”, most people thought that Khorkina was too tall to be an artistic gymnast. However her coach, Boris Pilkin, saw her potential and created alternative training methods and skills to accomodate her taller body. Khorkina has more skills named after her in the Code of Points than any other gymnast.[28]

Khorkina was known for her dramatic and opinionated personality, often being called a diva.[29][30] She said, “I wouldn't have been called a diva or a queen if I wasn't creative. My costume and make-up were always important to me. When people come to see gymnastics they want a performance, not just a sport. I have a talent. I have accomplished so much in sport it will take dozens of years before anyone else achieves as much.”[10]

After retiring from gymnastics, in December 2005 Khorkina was named vice-president of the Russian Artistic Gymnastics Federation. In 2008, she was a commentator for the Beijing Olympics’ gymnastics competition for the Russian TV station NTV+ and released her autobiography entitled, “Somersaults in High Heels” published by Olma-Press.[1][31] She is also an ambassador for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.[1][32] Khorkina has been a member of the political party of United Russia since 2003. She was elected as a deputy for the Russian State Duma in 2007 and served until 2011.[1][32]

On 21 July 2005, Khorkina gave birth to a son, Svyatoslav Khorkin at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, United States but refused to name the father of the child.[citation needed] In April 2011, Khorkina married Oleg Konchev. He is a former general in Russia’s Federal Security Service and is twenty-three years her senior.[citation needed]

Competitive history[edit]

Year Event Team AA VT UB BB FX
1994 European Championships 2nd 2nd 5th 1st 5th 8th
Goodwill Games 1st 3rd 1st 5th
World Championships 3rd 9th 2nd 2nd 8th
1995 World Championships 4th 2nd 5th 1st
1996 European Championships 2nd 6th 4th 1st
World Championships 5th 1st
Olympic Games 2nd 15th 1st
1997 World Championships 2nd 1st 8th 1st 2nd 2nd
1998 European Championships 2nd 1st 1st 1st
Goodwill Games * 7th 1st 7th
World Cup Final 5th 2nd 4th 4th
1999 World Championships 2nd 11th 1st 3rd
2000 European Championships 1st 1st 1st 1st
Olympic Games 2nd 10th WD 1st 2nd
2001 Goodwill Games 2nd 4th 1st 2nd
World Championships 2nd 1st 1st 1st 3rd
2002 European Championships 1st 1st 1st 2nd 5th
World Championships 7th 4th
2003 World Championships 6th 1st
2004 European Championships 3rd 4th 1st 3rd 7th
Olympic Games 3rd 2nd 8th
*1998 Goodwill Games Mixed Pairs Silver Medal with Alexei Nemov.
Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
2004 Olympic Games Athens Team 3 113.235 4 149.420
All-Around 2 38.211 5 37.836
Vault 20 9.106
Uneven Bars 8 8.925 1 9.750
Balance Beam 27 9.137
Floor Exercise 15 9.437
European Championships Amsterdam Team 3 110.423
All-Around 4 36.848 1 37.686
Uneven Bars 1 9.662 1 9.687
Balance Beam 3 9.325 5 9.262
Floor Exercise 7 9.112 8 9.200
2003 World Championships Anaheim Team 6 108.985 5 145.572
All-Around 1 38.124 3 37.249
Vault 6 9.331
Uneven Bars 12 9.450
Balance Beam 14 9.262
Floor Exercise 11 9.312
2002 World Championships Debrecen Uneven Bars 7 7.387
Uneven Bars (Semi−Final) 1 9.762
Uneven Bars (Qualification) 1 9.737
Balance Beam 4 9.125
Balance Beam (Semi−Final) 3 9.462
Balance Beam (Qualification) 15 8.625
European Championships Patras Team 1 111.833
All-Around 1 37.592 1 37.524
Vault 8 9.262
Uneven Bars 1 9.550 1 9.787
Balance Beam 2 9.262 3 9.150
Floor Exercise 5 9.075 2 9.325
2001 World Championships Ghent Team 2 109.023 4 144.134
All-Around 1 37.617 1 37.224
Vault 1 9.412 1 9.562
Uneven Bars 1 9.437 1 9.662
Balance Beam 34 8.600
Floor Exercise 3 9.375 2 9.400
2000 Olympic Games Sydney Team 2 154.403 1 154.874
All-Around 10 37.929 1 39.005
Vault WD 3 9.731
Uneven Bars 1 9.862 1 9.850
Balance Beam 12 9.662
Floor Exercise 2 9.812 2 9.762
European Championships Paris Team 1 115.760
All-Around 1 38.749 2 38.818
Vault 7 9.468
Uneven Bars 1 9.837 1 9.850
Balance Beam 1 9.837 2 9.775
Floor Exercise 6 9.725
1999 World Championships Tianjin Team 2 153.209 2 153.576
All-Around 11 37.611 3 38.699
Vault 7 9.587
Uneven Bars 1 9.837 1 9.837
Balance Beam 22 9.475
Floor Exercise 3 9.787 2 9.800
1998 World Cup Final Sabae Vault 5 9.343
Uneven Bars 2 9.825
Balance Beam 4 9.512
Floor Exercise 4 9.162
European Championships Saint Petersburg Team 2 112.720
All-Around 1 38.624 3 38.074
Vault WD 4 9.562
Uneven Bars 1 9.900 1 9.862
Balance Beam 20 9.075
Floor Exercise 1 9.787 7 9.575
1997 World Championships Lausanne Team 2 153.197 1 153.401
All-Around 1 38.636
Vault 8 4.537 2 9.762
Uneven Bars 1 9.875 2 9.650
Balance Beam 2 9.787 1 9.775
Floor Exercise 2 9.800 9 9.637
1996 Olympic Games Atlanta Team 2 388.404
All-Around 15 38.455 9 77.648
Vault 16 19.350
Uneven Bars 1 9.850 2 19.662
Balance Beam 6 19.312
Floor Exercise 23 19.324
World Championships San Juan Vault 5 9.637
Vault (Semi−Final) 4 9.662
Vault (Qualification) 2 9.668
Uneven Bars 1 9.787
Uneven Bars (Semi−Final) 1 9.825
Uneven Bars (Qualification) 1 9.825
European Championships Birmingham Team 2 115.659
All-Around 6 38.549 7 38.437
Vault 4 9.725 3 9.825
Uneven Bars 1 9.825 1 9.812
Balance Beam 22 9.175
Floor Exercise 11 9.625
1995 World Championships Sabae Team 4 384.689
All-Around 2 39.130 10 77.224
Vault 5 9.618 7 19.312
Uneven Bars 1 9.900 1 19.637
Balance Beam 15 19.100
Floor Exercise 31 19.175
1994 World Championships Dortmund Team 3 194.546 4 385.515
Brisbane All-Around 9 38.805
Vault 2 9.800 5 9.693
Uneven Bars 2 9.875 3 9.812
Floor Exercise 8 8.487 9 9.587
European Championships Stockholm Team 2 115.422
All-Around 2 39.224
Vault 5 9.749
Uneven Bars 1 9.887
Balance Beam 5 9.775
Floor Exercise 8 9.350

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Svetlana Khorkina. sports-reference.com
  2. ^ 1994 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  3. ^ 1994 Teams World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. Gymnasticsresults.com (20 December 2005). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  4. ^ 1 – 10 October 1995 – 31st World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. Fig.lx2.sportcentric.com (10 October 1995). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  5. ^ 1996 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships, Women's Finals. Gymnasticsresults.com (1 February 2004). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  6. ^ 1996 European Championships Artistic Gymnastics Women. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  7. ^ Games of the 26th Olympiad Atlanta Women's Artistic Gymnastics. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  8. ^ Games of the 26th Olympiad Atlanta Women's Artistic Gymnastics. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  9. ^ 1997 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships – Women's Finals. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  10. ^ a b Anna Kessel (3 June 2012). "Meet the New Russian Divas". Observer.guardian.co.uk. 
  11. ^ 1998 European Championships Artistic Gymnastics Women. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  12. ^ 1999 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships Women's Finals. Gymnasticsresults.com (6 December 2003). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  13. ^ 2000 European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships. Gymnasticsresults.com (20 February 2004). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  14. ^ Games of the XXVII Olympiad Sydney 2000 Men's Artistic Gymnastics. Gymnasticsresults.com (17 September 2000). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  15. ^ Games of the XXVII Olympiad Sydney 2000 Men's Artistic Gymnastics. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  16. ^ Games of the XXVII Olympiad Sydney 2000 Men's Artistic Gymnastics. Gymnasticsresults.com. Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  17. ^ Roberts, Selena (22 September 2000). "SYDNEY 2000: GYMNASTICS; Romania Sweeps as Controversy Swirls". New York Times. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  18. ^ Roberts, Selena (25 September 2000). "SYDNEY 2000: GYMNASTICS; A Champion Answers Disaster With Triumph". New York Times. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "2001 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships Results" (PDF). Ghent, Belgium: Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. 5 November 2001. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "24th European Women's Artistic Gymnastics Championships Results" (PDF). Patras, Greece: European Union of Gymnastics. 21 April 2002. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "2002 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships Results" (PDF). Debrecen, Hungary: Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. 24 November 2002. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  22. ^ 28 – 30 March 2003 – 2nd International ART Tournament "Noynoy Family". Fig.lx2.sportcentric.com (30 March 2003). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  23. ^ 16 – 24 August 2003 – 37th World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. Fig.lx2.sportcentric.com (24 August 2003). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  24. ^ 28 – 30 November 2003 – 21st DTB Pokal. Fig.lx2.sportcentric.com (30 November 2003). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  25. ^ "25th Women's European Championships Artistic Gymnastics Results" (PDF). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: European Union of Gymnastics. 2 May 2004. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  26. ^ "2004 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics Results". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  27. ^ KHORKINA Svetlana Russia. Fig.lx2.sportcentric.com. 5 September 2011.
  28. ^ International Gymnast Magazine Online – Russian Coach Boris Pilkin Dies at Age 82. Internationalgymnast.com (21 October 2010). Retrieved on 26 October 2013.
  29. ^ "Khorkina Makes Grand Exit". MSNBC. 20 August 2004. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  30. ^ Fisman, Ray. "Svetlana the Great". Slate.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  31. ^ "Svetlana Khorkina: "Yulia Bordovskikh introduced me to my admirer" //". Kp.ru. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  32. ^ a b "Svetlana Khorkina". Sochi2014.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 

External links[edit]