Svetlana Pospelova (Russian: Светлана Поспелова; born December 24, 1979 in Saint Petersburg) is a Russian sprinter who primarily competes over 400 metres.
She was banned from competing in 2000 after she failed an out-of-competition test at the 2000 Summer Olympics. She received a two-year ban from the sport for the positive test for stanozolol.
- 1969: Great Britain (Stirling, Lowe, Simpson, Board)
- 1971: East Germany (Kühne, Lohse, Seidler, Zehrt)
- 1974: East Germany (Rohde, Dietsch, Handt, Streidt)
- 1978: East Germany (Marquardt, Krug, Brehmer, Koch)
- 1982: East Germany (Siemon, Busch, Rübsam, Koch)
- 1986: East Germany
- 1990: East Germany (Derr, Hesselbarth, Müller, Breuer)
- 1994: France (Landre, Elien, Dorsile, Pérec)
- 1998: Germany (Feller, Rohländer, Rieger, Breuer)
- 2002: Germany (Ekpo-Umoh, Rockmeier, Marx, Breuer)
- 2006: Russia (Pospelova, Ivanova, Zaytseva, Veshkurova)
- 2010: Russia (Firova, Kapachinskaya, Krivoshapka, Ustalova)
- 2012: Ukraine (Olishevska, Zemlyak, Pyhyda, Lohvynenko)